Philippine culture


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Philippine culture

  1. 1. Philippine Culture
  2. 2. CULTURESet of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization
  3. 3. ETYMOLOGYThe etymology of the modern term "culture" has a classical origin. In English, the word "culture" is based on a term used by Cicero in his Tusculan Disputations, where he wrote of a cultivation of the soul or "cultura animi", thereby using an agricultural metaphor to describe the development of a philosophical soul, which was understood teleologically as the one natural highest possible ideal for human development. Samuel Pufendorf took over this metaphor in a modern context, meaning something similar, but no longer assuming that philosophy is mans natural perfection. His use, and that of many writers after him "refers to all the ways in which human beings overcome their original barbarism, and through artifice, become fully human".[4]As described by Velkley:[4]The term "culture," which originally meant the cultivation of the soul or mind, acquires most of its later modern meanings in the writings of the 18th-century German thinkers, who on various levels developing Rousseaus criticism of modern liberalism and Enlightenment. Thus a contrast between "culture" and "civilization" is usually implied in these authors, even when not expressed as such. Two primary meanings of culture emerge from this period: culture as the folk-spirit having a unique identity, and culture as cultivation of inwardness or free individuality. The first meaning is predominant in our current use of the term "culture," although the second still plays a large role in what we think culture should achieve, namely the full "expression" of the unique of "authentic" self.
  4. 4. COMPONENTS OF CULTURECulture varies from one another and it shares four majorcomponents, these are thecommunication, cognitive, material and.behavioral aspectsCommunication components include language and symbols.Through having a language, a group of people interact withone another, socially sharing their thoughts, feelings or the people with same languageLanguage forms the core of all cultures throughout society.The symbols are considered as the backbone of symbolicinteractions. A symbol might be considered as anything thatholds a particular meaning and are recognized by the peoplethat share the same culture. Different cultures have differentsymbols, it is cross-culturally and it might be change over a.period of time
  5. 5. Cognitive component - It includes Ideas, Knowledge and.Belief, Values and AccountsIdeas, Knowledge and Belief are basic units of knowledgeconstruction. Ideas are considered as mental representation and are usedto organize stimulus. When Ideas are link together it will organize into.larger systems of information which will become knowledgeKnowledge now is considered as storage of information fact or assumption,and these knowledge can be passed down from one generation to.anotherBelief on the other hand assumes that propositions, statement, description offact are true in nature. These acceptance were influenced by the externalauthorities such as government, religion, or science rather than proven.true from the individuals direct experiencesValues serve as guidelines for social living. Culturally, it can be defined as the.standards of desirability, goodness and beautyAccounts are considered to be a way on how people use the language for theirexplanation, justification, or to rationalize, excuse, or legitimize a behavior.towards themselves or to the others
  6. 6. Behavioral components -Behavioral component is the major componentof culture that is concerned about on how we act. It includes norms which.further categorizes in Mores, Laws, Folkway, and RitualsNorms are considered as rules and expectations eventually set by a particularsociety that serves as guides to the behavior of its members. It varies inthe terms of the degrees of importance and might be change over a periodof time. It is reinforced by sanctions in the forms or rewards andpunishments. These are standards accepted by society culturally and serveas obligatory and expected behaviors of the people in different lifeMores are kinds of norms that are considered to be as a customary behavior.patterns which have taken from a moralistic valueLaws serve as the formal and important norms that translated into legalformalizations. Folkways are considered as behavioral patterns of aparticular society that is repetitive and organize. Rituals on the other handare those highly scripted ceremonies of interactions which follows a.sequence of actions. Examples are baptism, holidays and more
  7. 7. Material component -This includesmaterials or objects created by humansfor practical use or for artistic reasons.These objects are called as “materialculture”. Material components serve as an.expression of an individual culture
  8. 8. CHARACTERISTICS.It is sharedThe culture is shared by the social interaction may take in many forms to transmit thebeliefs, values and expectation of the human society. The exchange of social ideas may.provide understanding and learning the human culture and tradition.It is a group productThe group product is the by-product of culture is shared by the social activities of thesociety. The group products provide important knowledge and experiences about the.racial and ethnic activitiesIt is the result of life long social experience made by those living in certain communities thatgoverned by the family of elders. They formed tribe with their own cultures andtraditions that have been dependent in hunting, fishing, and agriculture. The culture andtradition are passed on to the succeeding generation by educating the children from all.the social life activities of the tribe.It is learnedThe cultural transmission or enculturation is the best way to describe culture is learned. Thepeople acquire information about the culture by many ways. This is done by learning the.language and other form of educational information of the society
  9. 9. .It is SymbolicThe communication process uses symbols to identify the given.actions, attitudes and behaviors of the peoplea) The use of language has varied types of symbols depending on itsnatural environment, exposure and education to groups or tribes,.the social experience and influenceb) The social experiences as a whole provides specific communicativesymbols along arts, music, literature, history and other forms of.societal actionsc) The abstract knowledge is reinforce in the way they understandand learn the feelings, ideas and behaviors of certain group of.people in the societyCulture is adaptiveThe cultural adaptation is the evolutionary process that modifies life of the people in the given natural environment
  10. 10. .Culture is compulsoryThe human beings always consider the harmonious relationship with any of group cultures.being grown for a period of timeThe group members of the conformed with the ways of living within the bounds of beliefs, . 1.expectation, and normsThe behavioral conformity is expected to follow any violations within the norms have . 2specific sanctions as to the provisions of law or even a given set of norms in the social.contextThe social interaction of man follows the collective activities with common goals including . 3specific norms, traditions, and beliefs which is followed as a blue print of its distinct.cultural existence in the society.Culture is cumulativeThe cumulative culture may be passed from one generation to the next generation. Thosepertinent knowledge and culture are gradually built as it is useful to the society..However, the information that is no longer useful to the society may gradually phase out.Culture is dynamicThere is continuous change of culture as new ways of life evolved by the changing conditions.of the societal life. There are cultural practices that no longer useful today.Culture is diverseThe culture is different from each other as we must consider the social experiences,.traditions, norms, mores and other cultural ways in the community