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FIGURES OF SPEECH
-a word or phrase which is used for special effect, and which does not have its usual or literal meaning
Simile                                                               Irony
- consists of comparing two unlike things using the                  -says the opposite of what is meant
words as or like.                                                    [Ex. How nice of you to insult me.]
[Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.]
------------------------------------------------------------------   ------------------------------------------------------------------
Metaphor
-uses a direct comparison of two unlike things or                    Allusion
ideas.                                                               -refers to any literary, biblical, historical, mythological,
-the words as and like are not used                                  scientific event, character or place.
[Ex. She is phantom of delight.]                                     Examples
------------------------------------------------------------------        o Oh, don’t wash your hands and give the kiss of
Personification                                                                Judas.
-gives human traits to inanimate objects or ideas.                        o Be careful when accepting gift packages. They
[Ex. The wind whistled in my ears.                                             might turn out to be Trojan Horse.
Here rests his head upon the lap of earth                                 o Perhaps Poseidon was with them for the sea
A youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown                                         was so calm when they had the cruise.
Fair science frowned not on his humble birth
And Melancholy marked him for her own.]
------------------------------------------------------------------   ------------------------------------------------------------------
Apostrophe                                                           Antithesis
-A direct address to someone absent, dead or                         -involves a contrast or words or ideas.
inanimate.                                                           opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced
[Ex. Oh rose! Thou art sick.]                                        or parallel construction.
                                                                     Examples:
[O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,                              o They promised freedom and provided slavery.
That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!                            o Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
                                                                                Rome more.
That ever lived in the tide of times.
Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!]
------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     ------------------------------------------------------------------
Metonymy
                                                                     Paradox
- It substitute a word that closely relates to a person or
                                                                     -uses a phrase or a statement that on surface seems
thing.
                                                                     contradictory that make some kind of emotional sense.
Examples:
                                                                     Examples:
      o The pen is mightier than a sword.
                                                                          o Let us go to war of peace.
      o Lend me your ear.
                                                                          o The war was no bad after all.
      o The power of the crown was mortally
                                                                          o Parting is such a sweet sorrow.
           weakened.
                                                                          o Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bar
      o I’m studying Shakespeare.
                                                                                a cage.
      o I would not give up freedom for a crown.
The captain abandoned the sword.
------------------------------------------------------------------   ------------------------------------------------------------------
Hyperbole                                                            Oxymoron
-makes use of exaggeration                                           -puts together in one statement two contradictory terms.
Examples:                                                            Example:
      o There is a garden on her face.                               Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate!
      o I am so hungry I could eat a horse.                          O anything, of nothing first create! O heavy lightness!
      o I have a million things to do.                               serious vanity! Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming
      o I had to walk 15 miles to school in the                      forms! Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick
           snow,uphill.                                              health! Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love
                                                                     feel I, that feel no love in this.
Figures of speech

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Figures of speech

  • 1. FIGURES OF SPEECH -a word or phrase which is used for special effect, and which does not have its usual or literal meaning Simile Irony - consists of comparing two unlike things using the -says the opposite of what is meant words as or like. [Ex. How nice of you to insult me.] [Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.] ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------ Metaphor -uses a direct comparison of two unlike things or Allusion ideas. -refers to any literary, biblical, historical, mythological, -the words as and like are not used scientific event, character or place. [Ex. She is phantom of delight.] Examples ------------------------------------------------------------------ o Oh, don’t wash your hands and give the kiss of Personification Judas. -gives human traits to inanimate objects or ideas. o Be careful when accepting gift packages. They [Ex. The wind whistled in my ears. might turn out to be Trojan Horse. Here rests his head upon the lap of earth o Perhaps Poseidon was with them for the sea A youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown was so calm when they had the cruise. Fair science frowned not on his humble birth And Melancholy marked him for her own.] ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------ Apostrophe Antithesis -A direct address to someone absent, dead or -involves a contrast or words or ideas. inanimate. opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced [Ex. Oh rose! Thou art sick.] or parallel construction. Examples: [O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, o They promised freedom and provided slavery. That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! o Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Thou art the ruins of the noblest man Rome more. That ever lived in the tide of times. Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!] ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------ Metonymy Paradox - It substitute a word that closely relates to a person or -uses a phrase or a statement that on surface seems thing. contradictory that make some kind of emotional sense. Examples: Examples: o The pen is mightier than a sword. o Let us go to war of peace. o Lend me your ear. o The war was no bad after all. o The power of the crown was mortally o Parting is such a sweet sorrow. weakened. o Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bar o I’m studying Shakespeare. a cage. o I would not give up freedom for a crown. The captain abandoned the sword. ------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------ Hyperbole Oxymoron -makes use of exaggeration -puts together in one statement two contradictory terms. Examples: Example: o There is a garden on her face. Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate! o I am so hungry I could eat a horse. O anything, of nothing first create! O heavy lightness! o I have a million things to do. serious vanity! Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming o I had to walk 15 miles to school in the forms! Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick snow,uphill. health! Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.