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Figures of speech


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Figures of speech

  1. 1. FIGURES OF SPEECH-a word or phrase which is used for special effect, and which does not have its usual or literal meaningSimile Irony- consists of comparing two unlike things using the -says the opposite of what is meantwords as or like. [Ex. How nice of you to insult me.][Ex. My love is like a red, red rose.]------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------Metaphor-uses a direct comparison of two unlike things or Allusionideas. -refers to any literary, biblical, historical, mythological,-the words as and like are not used scientific event, character or place.[Ex. She is phantom of delight.] Examples------------------------------------------------------------------ o Oh, don’t wash your hands and give the kiss ofPersonification Judas.-gives human traits to inanimate objects or ideas. o Be careful when accepting gift packages. They[Ex. The wind whistled in my ears. might turn out to be Trojan Horse.Here rests his head upon the lap of earth o Perhaps Poseidon was with them for the seaA youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown was so calm when they had the cruise.Fair science frowned not on his humble birthAnd Melancholy marked him for her own.]------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------Apostrophe Antithesis-A direct address to someone absent, dead or -involves a contrast or words or ideas.inanimate. opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced[Ex. Oh rose! Thou art sick.] or parallel construction. Examples:[O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, o They promised freedom and provided slavery.That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! o Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I lovedThou art the ruins of the noblest man Rome more.That ever lived in the tide of times.Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!]------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------Metonymy Paradox- It substitute a word that closely relates to a person or -uses a phrase or a statement that on surface seemsthing. contradictory that make some kind of emotional sense.Examples: Examples: o The pen is mightier than a sword. o Let us go to war of peace. o Lend me your ear. o The war was no bad after all. o The power of the crown was mortally o Parting is such a sweet sorrow. weakened. o Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bar o I’m studying Shakespeare. a cage. o I would not give up freedom for a crown.The captain abandoned the sword.------------------------------------------------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------Hyperbole Oxymoron-makes use of exaggeration -puts together in one statement two contradictory terms.Examples: Example: o There is a garden on her face. Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate! o I am so hungry I could eat a horse. O anything, of nothing first create! O heavy lightness! o I have a million things to do. serious vanity! Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming o I had to walk 15 miles to school in the forms! Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick snow,uphill. health! Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!This love feel I, that feel no love in this.