was a literary and culturalorganization formed in 1872by Filipino émigrés who had settledin Europe.The goals of the propagandists.
Representation of the Philippines in the CortesGenerales, the Spanish parliament; Secularization of the clergy; Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality; Creation of a public school system independent ofthe friars; Abolition of the polo (labor service)and vandala (forced sale of local products to thegovernment);
Guarantee of basic freedomsof speech and association; Equal opportunity for Filipinos andSpanish to enter government service; Recognition of the Philippines as aprovince of Spain; Secularization of Philippine parishes; Recognition of human rights.
Ferdinand Blumentritt Miguel Morayta Francisco Pi y Margall Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
Ferdinand Blumentritt – Rizal’s best friend;professor in Ateneo de Leitmeritz, Austria Miguel Morayta – Rizal’s professor in theUniversidad Central de Madrid Francisco Pi y Margall – former president ofthe First Spanish Republic Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla – leader of theRepublican Party of Spain Don Juan de Atayde – Spanish writer
annotated the book, Sucesos de las IslasFilipinas the La Liga FilipinaNoli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
“Prince of Filipino Orators.” the organ of the Propaganda Movement was theLa Solidaridad, its initial issue was published in1889 by Graciano in Barcelona. It is believed that he delivered more than athousand speeches but only nine had beencollected and published.
general, doctor, pharmacist, journalist pen names: Tabing-Ilog works: La Independencia
written by Jose Rizal Mariano Ponce titled Mi Último Pensamiento(My Last Thought)
The Philippine League July 3, 1892 – established by Rizal in a house atIlaya St. Tondo, Manila Its constitution was written in Hongkong Ambrosio Salvador – President Agustin de la Rosa – Fiscal Bonifacio Arevalo – Treasurer Deodato Arellano - Secretary
Tragic failure of the Reforms La Solidaridad closed due to lack offunds Rizal was exiled in Dapitan Panganiban, Jaena, and Del Pilar died inpoverty