Chapter 7: Technology and Its Impact on Schools

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(c) Cengage Learning
Chapter 7
Those Who Can, Teach! 12th ed
Ryan & Cooper

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Chapter 7: Technology and Its Impact on Schools

  1. 1. What Should Teachers Know About Technology and Its Impact on Schools? Chapter Seven
  2. 2. Three Stages of Technology Application <ul><li>Technology is: </li></ul><ul><li>Applied to things we already do </li></ul><ul><li>Used to improve on tasks we already do </li></ul><ul><li>Used to do things that were not possible before </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sources of Pressure to Integrate Technology <ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Global competition </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Divide </li></ul>
  4. 4. VIDEO CASE: An Expanded Definition of Literacy: Meaningful Ways to Integrate Technology
  5. 5. Productivity v. Cognitive Tools <ul><li>Productivity Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Computer applications used to accomplish tasks more efficiently than if you had to use a typewriter, a calculator, or postal mail </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: word processor, spreadsheet, email programs </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Computer applications used to engage and enhance thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Allow users to organize information in new ways, to evaluate it, and to construct new, personally meaningful representations of the information </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tasks and Technology Tools for Teachers and Students
  7. 7. How Technologies Affect Student Learning English/Language Arts <ul><li>Word processors </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating in multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>- digital storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>- blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Drill-and-practice </li></ul><ul><li>Mind maps/webs </li></ul>Social Studies <ul><li>Accessing information </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual fieldtrips </li></ul><ul><li>Webquests </li></ul>
  8. 8. VIDEO CASE: Multimedia Literacy: Integrating Technology into the Middle School Curriculum
  9. 9. How Technologies Affect Student Learning (continued) Science <ul><li>Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Digital imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with other scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing problem solving </li></ul>Mathematics <ul><li>Tutorial and other math software </li></ul><ul><li>Graphing calculators </li></ul>Foreign Language/ESL <ul><li>Accessing international media </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting with people </li></ul><ul><li>- newsgroups </li></ul>
  10. 10. VIDEO CASE: Integrating Technology to Improve Student Learning: A High School Science Simulation
  11. 11. How Technologies Affect Student Learning (continued) Distance education <ul><li>Uses technology to link students and instructors in separate locations </li></ul><ul><li>Allows the rapid exchange of data over distances </li></ul><ul><li>Increase schools’ educational opportunities by offering courses otherwise prohibited by cost or other constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Ever-increasing role in the education of rural students </li></ul>
  12. 12. How Technologies Affect Student Learning (continued) Students with special needs <ul><li>Help level the playing field by presenting information in a manner best suited to the student’s preferred learning style and unique needs </li></ul><ul><li>An alternative, individualized curriculum that parallels the standard school curriculum can be created </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive technology - devices and services that help people with disabilities perform better in their daily lives (e.g. voice recognition software) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Teaching Changes Related to Integrating Technology <ul><li>Teacher becomes more of a facilitator or coach. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology teaching is embedded into the rest of the curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers emphasize small-group instruction over whole-class learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers use formative assessment to confirm students’ understanding of the concept and also their understanding of the technology tools they are using. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Teacher Uses of Technology <ul><li>Communication, collaboration, research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail, web </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classroom management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software gradebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test generators and question bank software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEP software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time management tools </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Arrangements for Computer Technologies
  16. 16. Key Issues in Educational Technology Infrastructure and Budgeting <ul><li>Electrical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Network wiring </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development and support </li></ul>Education of Teachers <ul><li>Teacher preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Staff development </li></ul>Parents Equity Integration Into the Curriculum

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