Chapter 15: Being a Professional


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(c) Cengage Learning
Chapter 15
Those Who Can, Teach! 12th ed
Ryan & Cooper

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Chapter 15: Being a Professional

  1. 1. What Does It Mean to Be a Professional? Chapter Fifteen
  2. 2. Is Teaching a Profession? <ul><li>A Profession: </li></ul><ul><li>Offers a unique service to society </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on intellectual skills for performance of its service </li></ul><ul><li>Has a long period of specialized training </li></ul><ul><li>Offers individuals and the professional group autonomy and decision making authority </li></ul><ul><li>Requires members to accept personal responsibility for actions and decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Is self-governing; has a code of ethics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Levels of Teacher Professionalism Level One Imitative-Maintenance “ Going through the motions” Level Two Meditative Reflects, but within a limited range Level Three Generative-Creative Takes wide view of knowledge, creates desire to learn
  4. 4. Core Propositions of NBPTS <ul><li>Teachers: </li></ul><ul><li>Know the subjects they teach and how to teach these subjects to students. </li></ul><ul><li>Are committed to their students and their learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Are responsible for managing and monitoring learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Think systematically about their practice and learn from experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Are members of a learning community. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Five Distinguishing Characteristics of NBPTS <ul><li>The NBPTS supports experienced teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>“Taking the boards” is completely voluntary. </li></ul><ul><li>Taking the boards” involves submitting oneself to a set of examinations and assessments in particular areas or subject matters . </li></ul><ul><li>These assessments are not typical paper-and-pencil tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary control of the NBPTS is in the hands of a sixty-three-person board of directors. </li></ul>
  6. 6. INTASC ( Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium) <ul><li>What new teachers must know and be able to do </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used as basis for license in 34 states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common core of teaching skills and knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards for new teachers fit with NBPTS standards for experienced teachers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The NEA and the AFT <ul><li>NEA </li></ul><ul><li>3.2 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Geographically diverse membership </li></ul><ul><li>Offers a wide range of services </li></ul><ul><li>Endorses candidates and positions that favor education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money & size increase influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AFT </li></ul><ul><li>About 1.3 million members </li></ul><ul><li>Members in key urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Known for aggressive labor-relations tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Champions reform efforts that benefit education and teachers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Association of American Educators (AAE) <ul><li>A fresh approach for teachers who are dissatisfied with the two major professional groups </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1994, it has become the largest nonunion teacher association in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>leads a coalition of 300,000 teachers in all fifty states </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed to many of the stands taken by the NEA and the AFT </li></ul><ul><li>Key goals: encourage and support teachers who embrace certain views on education, keep the governance of the organization in the hands of practicing teachers, keep the focus on educational issues and to stay out of politics. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Professional Development Opportunities <ul><li>School- or District-Based Professional Development Programs (in-service) </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Group Study </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Study </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Study </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic reflection on practice </li></ul>
  10. 10. VIDEO CASE: Parent-Teacher Conference
  11. 11. Characteristics of Effective Professional Development <ul><li>Includes all members of school community </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on continuous improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, collegial, organizational </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Respects & nurtures intellectual capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasizes best practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content, technology, teaching strategies, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Planned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboratively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coherent long-term plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluated on basis of student learning </li></ul>