Children at Risk/Frieman 7-10

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Children at Risk/Frieman 7-10

  1. 1. ECE 255 CHILDREN AT RISK FRIEMAN CH 7 GIFTED CH 8 INCARCERATED PARENTS CH 9 DEATH CH 10 MEDICAL PROBLEMS Michelle Meyer, MA Walla Walla Community College
  2. 2. Children Who Are Gifted <ul><li>Why are these children considered at risk? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are different </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior is often misinterpreted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique abilities, have special needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk for developing social or emotional problems </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Identification <ul><li>No consistent criteria exists </li></ul><ul><li>Defined by the district </li></ul><ul><li>Definition can be biased re: race, culture, language, multiple intelligences </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Gifted Children <ul><ul><li>Intrinsically motivated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developmentally advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensitive, high intensity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual sensitivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feelings of isolation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task commitment, reflectiveness, maturity, self-understanding </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Teacher’s Role <ul><li>Attitudes and Understandings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normal children who happen to be smart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not better than others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driven to learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productive when given assignments that are different </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Incarcerated Parents <ul><li>Variables affect the impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age, coping ability, quality of interaction with parent, presence of other parent, length of jail term, visitation, quality of care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School difficulties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antisocial behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Teacher’s Role <ul><li>Establish trust with child </li></ul><ul><li>Create a discipline plan for acting out </li></ul><ul><li>Know the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Give child role models </li></ul><ul><li>Hold child responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Do not permit teasing </li></ul><ul><li>Work with all parents/caregivers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Death <ul><li>Effects depend on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>developmental level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>personality of the child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relationship of the deceased to the child </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>history of loss </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Immediate Reactions <ul><li>Nightmares </li></ul><ul><li>Blaming themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Regression </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal </li></ul><ul><li>Fear </li></ul>
  10. 10. Children’s Needs <ul><li>Adequate information </li></ul><ul><li>To have their fears addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Reassurance that they are not to blame </li></ul><ul><li>Careful listening </li></ul><ul><li>Validation of their feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in rituals after death </li></ul><ul><li>Someone to model how to grieve </li></ul><ul><li>Adults willing to focus on them in this time </li></ul>
  11. 11. Teacher’s Role <ul><li>Deal with your own feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Be a role model </li></ul><ul><li>Help by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of developmental level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer truthfully </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer only what is being asked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of religious differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage many ways to express feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accept their feelings as real </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Chronic Medical Problems <ul><li>Teacher’s Role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with the parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have knowledge of the illness & emergency procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Know how to include child in the classroom </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Common Conditions <ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes mellitus </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle-cell anemia </li></ul>
  14. 14. Classroom Inclusion <ul><li>Have an emergency medical plan </li></ul><ul><li>Teach the other children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk about it, break down stereotypes, give information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hospitalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep current with schoolwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep in contact with classmates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare class for the child’s return </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give option to child of talking about the hospitalization </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Next Week <ul><li>Read chapters 11, 12, 13, & 14 in the Frieman book </li></ul><ul><li>Activity/lesson plan due </li></ul><ul><li>Complete online Discussion Board #7 </li></ul><ul><li>Work on your group projects </li></ul>

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