Chapter 7: Early Childhood Programming

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Early Childhood Education: Learning Together
by Virginia Casper and Rachel Theilheimer
(c)2009 McGraw-Hill Publishing

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Chapter 7: Early Childhood Programming

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Early Childhood Programming Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  2. 2. Continuity of Care <ul><li>Provides children with stability across their care and education </li></ul><ul><li>Looping involves keeping children and teachers together from year to year </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed age grouping involves keeping children of different ages together </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  3. 3. Child Care Continuum <ul><li>Contends that any environment where a child spends time should be safe and healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Contends that anyone who cares for young children should have the knowledge and skills to support their development </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  4. 4. Family, Friend, and Neighbor Care <ul><li>Involves a known individual caring for the child </li></ul><ul><li>Involves nearly half of all young children </li></ul><ul><li>Allows children to remain in a familiar environment </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  5. 5. Family Child Care <ul><li>Differs from FFN care </li></ul><ul><li>Usually initially involves someone who is a stranger to the child </li></ul><ul><li>Must be licensed or registered in some states </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to be unregulated </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  6. 6. Publicly Funded Programs <ul><li>Receive monies from the local, state, and federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into three categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs for low-income families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs for families affiliated with the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs for all children </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  7. 7. Mandates for the Head Start Program <ul><li>Specifies the program must partner with families </li></ul><ul><li>Specifies the program must provide services to children with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Specifies how the program will run </li></ul><ul><li>Specifies family eligibility and recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>Specifies how program will be staffed </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  8. 8. Components of the Head Start Program <ul><li>Provide parenting programs and job skill training </li></ul><ul><li>Include home visits, social support, and referrals </li></ul><ul><li>Provide English language classes </li></ul><ul><li>Provide management skills training for the child’s caregivers </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  9. 9. Universal Pre-Kindergarten <ul><li>Aims to provide ALL preschool-age children with a free supportive, literacy-rich environment prior to kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Current drawback is providing necessary funding to support this initiative </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  10. 10. Types of Child Care <ul><li>For-profit or proprietary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A business run with the assumption that the owners will make money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not-for-profit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A business not designed to make a profit </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  11. 11. Child Care Licensing Standards <ul><li>Staff-child ratios </li></ul><ul><li>Group size requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Education requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal background checks </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental domains that programs must address </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Safety requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Parent involvement, communication, and access </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  12. 12. Dependent Care Assistance Plan <ul><li>Allows employers to support families with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract with a Referral Agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part-time or alternative schedules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid sick days families can use when their children are sick </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  13. 13. Short-Term Care Options <ul><li>Back-up Child Care </li></ul><ul><li>Drop-in Care </li></ul><ul><li>Sick Child Care Center </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis Nursery </li></ul><ul><li>Respite Care </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  14. 14. Elementary School Programs <ul><li>PK-3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum is vertically aligned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-sectarian public schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Home-school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family provides most or all of the education </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  15. 15. Specialized Programs for Infants and Toddlers <ul><li>Early Intervention Programs offer a variety of therapeutic and support services for infants, toddlers, and twos with disabilities and their families, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Visits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speech and audiology </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  16. 16. Infant Mental Health Services <ul><li>Families need concrete services such as food and shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Families need emotional support </li></ul><ul><li>Families need developmental guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Families need anticipatory guidance </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  17. 17. Programs for Families <ul><li>Parent-child programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-profit and profit-making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can take many forms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family literacy programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work on increasing the time families read aloud with their children </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  18. 18. Montessori Method <ul><li>Provides a prepared environment with carefully chosen materials or “work” for children </li></ul><ul><li>Provides self-correcting materials which allow children to work independently at their own pace </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  19. 19. Direct Instruction <ul><li>Involves teaching basic skills to children in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Faultless instruction is a form of Direct Instruction where skills are presented in a progressive sequence </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  20. 20. High/Scope Programs <ul><li>Encourage decision making by the children </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Piaget’s idea of children as “Active Learners” </li></ul><ul><li>Features predictable daily routines </li></ul><ul><li>Features interest areas </li></ul><ul><li>Features the Plan, Do, Review scheme </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  21. 21. Reggio Approach <ul><li>Sees the child as a strong and capable human being </li></ul><ul><li>Features the “hundred languages of childhood” or the many ways children express themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Features an environment that allows children to express themselves </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  22. 22. Eclectic Approach <ul><li>Borrows the best ideas or practices from several theories to create a more adequate whole </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  23. 23. Communicating Assessment Results <ul><li>Narrative reporting : a written description of the child’s behaviors that includes observations, assessments, and recommendations </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York

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