Chapter 1: Working with Young Children

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Chapter 1: Working with Young Children

  1. 1. Part One: An Introduction to Early Childhood Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  2. 2. Chapter 1: Working with Young Children Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  3. 3. Elements of Care <ul><li>Attentiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Responsiveness </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  4. 4. How would you handle these situations? <ul><li>A mother entered the infant center to pick up her son. She gathered his belongings, but couldn’t find his mittens. Glaring at the caregiver, the mother demanded to know where the mittens were. </li></ul><ul><li>Another mother entered an infant center to pick up her son. As she gathered his belongings, a caregiver glanced at her and said, “You MUST bring his mittens. It’s too cold to go out without them.” </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  5. 5. Education is the interaction of… <ul><li>Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  6. 6. The student brings to the classroom… <ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Determination </li></ul><ul><li>Dedication </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  7. 7. Explore the reasons why society should educate its young children <ul><li>So they can contribute to larger society </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the children with tools to live fulfilling lives </li></ul><ul><li>Equip them to care for themselves and others </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  8. 8. Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP) provides… <ul><li>A framework for making decisions </li></ul><ul><li>A set of developmental and learning principles </li></ul><ul><li>Explanations, examples, and charts to help teachers understand how to apply the framework </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  9. 9. The Dimensions of DAP <ul><li>Knowledge of child development </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of individual’s strengths, interests, and abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of social and cultural contexts </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  10. 10. Discuss the impact of low educator salaries on… <ul><li>Staff turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity of Care </li></ul><ul><li>Student satisfaction </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  11. 11. How do Early Childhood Reconceptualizers construct their understanding of the child’s mind? <ul><li>Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul><ul><li>The Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Popular culture </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  12. 12. Complete Engagement by an educator means… <ul><li>Paying attention to what children can do </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrating to understand what students and their families say </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to put aside distracting worries and joys </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  13. 13. List the Factors that Contribute to your identity as an Early Childhood Educator <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Traits </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  14. 14. Discuss the Pros and Cons of a Primary Caregiving System <ul><li>What factors would cause a parent to support or resist this System? </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  15. 15. The Teaching Portfolio <ul><li>An electronic or paper assemblage of your work and reflections </li></ul><ul><li>The portfolio may contain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>resume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>record of your fieldwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reflections of your experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>questions </li></ul></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  16. 16. Three Components of Reflective Practice <ul><li>Thoughtfully considering your past experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Applying knowledge that you gain from thinking and reading </li></ul><ul><li>Being coached by someone who has more experience than you </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  17. 17. According to Dewey, reflection is comprised of… <ul><li>Systematic Rigorous thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Followed by action </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted with others who share the goal of personal and intellectual growth </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  18. 18. Six Phases of Reflection <ul><li>The experience </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous interpretations of the experience </li></ul><ul><li>Naming the problem or the questions that arise out of the experience </li></ul><ul><li>Generating possible explanations for the problems or questions posed </li></ul><ul><li>Shaping the explanations into a hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Acting in a way that experiments with or tests the hypothesis </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  19. 19. Managing Burnout <ul><li>Pacing: Plan ahead </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy: Create situations where you feel effective </li></ul><ul><li>Support: Identify sources of support </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation: Let your support system know they are appreciated </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  20. 20. The Typical Teacher Progression <ul><li>Daily survival </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Maturity </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  21. 21. Teacher research or self-inquiry includes… <ul><li>Framing a question </li></ul><ul><li>Reading about the question </li></ul><ul><li>Create a plan to investigate the question </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out that plan </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the findings </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the implications of that analysis and follow up with more research </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  22. 22. Discuss why Knowledge Utilization and not just Knowledge is essential for educators Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  23. 23. The Early Childhood Career Lattice… <ul><li>Substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Lead teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Principal </li></ul><ul><li>Director </li></ul><ul><li>Other professions outside of a center </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  24. 24. Keys to Effective Teacher Collaboration <ul><li>Work hard </li></ul><ul><li>Voice ideas and opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Seek, accept, and give criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Be open to new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Admit mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Take joy and learn from other people’s strengths as well as personal strengths </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  25. 25. If you were the lead teacher or director, how would you handle Jermaine’s concerns from the text? Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  26. 26. Collaboration between educator and supervisor requires… <ul><li>Sharing a common focus and desire to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Finding ways to communicate when disagreement occurs </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying each other’s strengths and bolstering them </li></ul><ul><li>Being open and honest </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York
  27. 27. Elements of an Inclusive Setting <ul><li>Children who have and do not have known disabilities participate in activities together </li></ul><ul><li>They develop relationships with each other </li></ul><ul><li>The program celebrates every child’s strength and respects everyone’s dignity </li></ul>Copyright 2010 McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. New York, New York

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