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  1. 1. Effective treatment & remedies for obesityDefinitionObesity means an excess fat accumulation in the body. There is always an optimalweight for every age and sex. In obesity, this weight exceeds the upper limit ofnormal by 30%.Morbid obesity is a condition wherein people are overweight by 45 kilos to what isnormal for their age and sex.Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration. It is a medical condition associatedwith illness and disability. It can lead to: -• Diabetes• High blood pressures • Heart diseases like coronary heart diseases (CHD)• Diseases of gall bladder• Sleep apnea plus other respiratory problems• Osteoarthritis• Stroke• Increased risks for many cancerous conditions in both men and women.Causes of obesityGenetic & EnvironmentWeight gain and obesity are controlled by genes.However there are many instances where environmental conditions overwhelm theaction of genes in obesity. Famines are known to prevent obesity even in thosemost prone to it genetically.A number of conditions have been identified where obesity is a feature right frombirth. In these children, along with obesity there are other symptoms that helpdifferentiating these conditions from each other.Race and Socio-economic conditionsIt is varied among persons depending on their age, gender, race, income andsmoking.In the developed countries, obesity is more prevalent among people in the lowersocio-economic strata where as, in developing countries, obesity is a problem moreseen within the higher socio-economic strata.
  2. 2. Medications• Psychotic Drugso There are four major groups of drugs which can cause obesity: Benzodiazepines,Lithium, Antidepressants, Antipsychotic drugs• Estrogens• Corticosteroids• Insulin• Sulphonyl urea agents (used in treatments of diabetes)Medical Conditions• PregnancyThe increased demand for energy and the heightened metabolic activity of the bodyon account of the drastic hormonal changes, predispose pregnant women to weightgain and obesity. Women are known to gain as much as 12 to 16 kilos duringpregnancy.• TumorsTumors arising in the brain like craniopharyngeomas -> which is a non-malignanttumor, most commonly occurring in children (5-15 age group) and presenting withobesity, lethargy, poor memory and recurrent headaches.• Endocrine disordersDisorders affecting the hormone producing plus secreting glands of the body arecalled endocrine disorders.o Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome -> a condition where a woman’s sex hormonesget out of balance. There is an abnormal increase in the production of the malehormones (androgens) causing obesity, irregular periods, acne, hair loss from thescalp but increased body hair etc.o Underactive thyroid disorder -> can cause obesity inspite of loss of appetite.o Cushing’s syndrome -> a disorder in which the body produces excess cortisolsresulting in obesity along with other symptoms of fatigue, weakness, facialflushing, round (moon) face, etc.• OBESITY measurementDone by Body Mass Index (BMI) calcultor. This number is a ratio of a person’sweight (in kilograms) to his height (in meter square). BMI from 30 up to 35indicate obesity. For adults above 35, a BMI greater than 27 is considered obese.
  3. 3. BMI less than 19 indicates mal-nutrition, while people with BMIs 25 up to 30 areconsidered overweight for their age and sex. BMI over 40 suggests morbid obesity.The BMI is a very sensitive indicator of obesity for people between the ages of 19and 70 years.Still, BMI is unsuitable in:• Elderly people with general debility.• Deformities of the spine like scoliosis (lateral deviation of the backbones) orkyphosis (forward deviation of the backbone)• Children growing up very fast.• Pregnant or lactating women.• Body builders and athletes• Scientists use other, more sensitive methods to assess obesity.• CT & MRI ScansThese are non-invasive methods which can assess the collection of fat cells. Theyare very reliable and identify the precise points of fat collection in the body.• Abdomino-Gluteal Ratio/Waist Hip Ratio (WHR)This measures the proportion of fat distribution around the torso. Thesemeasurements have a strong correlation with general health and fertility. It isoptimal for men to have a ratio of 0.9. A ratio of 0.7 in women is considered veryhealthy. Ratios in women exceeding 0.9 and in men exceeding 1.0 imply obesity.WHR is a better tool for assessing a person’s risk for heart attack than the BMI.• AnthropometryThe BMI is of limited use in certain occasions. Many conditions render the BMI anunsuitable tool for health assessment. As a person accumulates fat in his body, fatsare first deposited under the skin before being deposited around internal organs.Instruments that measure the fat deposited under the skin are called ‘skin calipers’.• Lesser used methods that scientists employ to study obesity are:• Densitometry -> where weight is measured under water• Water dilution methodsSymptoms of Obesity
  4. 4. The following are some of the symptoms of Obesity:According to The world health organization (WHO) , obesity is metabolic disorder.• Signs and symptoms are:• All obese persons do not develop diabetes, but 80% of diabetics are obese.Diabetes not responding to good line of treatment.• Trouble conceiving. Impotence and infertility are conditions worsened by obesity.• The menstrual cycles are irregular.• Recently diagnosed high blood pressure or your existing high pressures are notresponding well to medications.• Increased daytime sleepiness. Even sleep apnea (snoring).• Obesity increases chances of skin infections. Fungal infections are common inskin folds of the abdomen, torso and lower limbs.• In some cases Uric Acid content in blood rises sufficiently to cause gout.• The weight bearing joints of the body -> back bones, knees, ankles etc. can sufferfrom joint inflammation (osteoarthritis).• Pains in the back and knee are common complaints associated with obesity.• Young Children who are obese are more prone to joint problems, especially of theknee joints and lower limbs.• Obesity can cause hemodynamic changes that resulting in stasis of blood flowespecially in the lower limbs which lead to varicose veins.Homeopathic treatment for ObesityChanging diet and behavior.Introducing Exercise, Drugs and surgery (last option)Dietary + Life style changesExcess calories consumed end-up being stored as fat. A good diet plan must havefoods high in nutritive value and low in empty calories.Give up the idea of starving yourself. Crash diets are not good. There isprogressive weakness.Instead, try to eat right kind of foods. The important goal is ‘healthier weight’ andnot ‘ideal weight’.• Don’t avoid carbohydrates -have less of simple carbohydrates (sugars) andconsume more of complex carbohydrates - Wheat germ, bran, oats, cornmeal,maize, buckwheat and barley are all excellent sources of complex carbohydrates.These foods are best consumed as they are that is – in their natural states.• complex carbohydrates routinely, there are plenty of choices you may opt foro pasta and its varieties
  5. 5. o whole grain cerealso shredded wheato porridge oatso corno yamo oat cakeso lentilso beanso brown riceo potatoeso brown breado pitta bread• Rapid weight loses generally mean you are losing a lot of proteins and bodyfluids. This eventually depletes your body’s muscle mass and leading toexhaustion. The ideal diet will enable the body to burn fat while conserving muscleproteins.• Add more high fiber foods. Vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains are high infibers which prevent excess absorption of carbohydrates from the intestines.Have plenty of red, yellow and orange fruits which are high in antioxidants.• Avoid having animal fats. It has saturated fats which leads to high blood pressuresand diabetes. Animal fats are very rich in cholesterols which can cause heartdiseases along with obesity.• Drink plenty of water. Recent studies have shown that simply having more watercan increase your metabolic rates thus help in burning more calories in the form offat.• Maintain a balance between caloric intake and energy expenditure.o Start being more active.o Walk more, use the car less often.o Try cycling.o Climb stairs instead of always using the elevators.o Pursue active sports when home rather than watching television or surfing thenet.• When eat in restaurant, Try having starters instead of heavy desserts. Avoid largeservings, try to split your dish with a friend.• Eat a variety of foods. Try and get your vitamin and mineral nutrients from foodand not through supplements.• Have adequate amounts of calcium. Calcium is essential for strong bones andteeth.• Medications
  6. 6. The most commonly used drugs are:• Orlistat• Sibutramine• Metformins• Byetta• Symlin• 90 These drugs act by suppressing the appeties, increasing the body metabolismand preventing the absorption of fats from the digestive system.SurgeryPerformed only where all other methods to lose weight fail. There is stomach sizereduction or stomach bypass connecting the food pipe to the small intestine.Common procedures include gastric bypass, vertical banding and gastroplasty.Homeopathic Treatment for Obesity:Homeopathic approach to the treatment of Obesity entails treating the underlyingcause like if obesity is due to hormonal disorders such as Hypothyroidism, it callsfor the treatment for the same. Besides the treatment, disciplines diet habit andexercise schedule form important part of the treatment.Document Source: http://www.mindheal.orgMindheal Homeopathy is a leading homeopathic treatment center in Mumbai,India.