Effective treatment forbipolar disorder in Mindheal Homeopathy clinic ,Chembur, Mumbai,Maharashtra,India.

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Effective treatment forbipolar disorder in Mindheal Homeopathy clinic ,Chembur, Mumbai,Maharashtra,India.

  1. 1. Bipolar DisorderDefinitionBipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorderthat causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability tocarry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They aredifferent from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from timeto time.Criteria and SubtypesBipolar I disorderOne or more manic episodes. Subcategories specify whether there has beenmore than one episode, and the type of the most recent episode. A depressiveor hypomanic episode is not required for diagnosis, but it frequently occurs.Bipolar II disorderNo manic episodes, but one or more hypomanic episodes and one or moremajor depressive episode. However, a bipolar II diagnosis is not a guaranteethat they will not eventually suffer from such an episode in the futureHypomanic episodes do not go to the full extremes of mania (i.e., do not usuallycause severe social or occupational impairment, and are without psychosis),and this can make bipolar II more difficult to diagnose, since the hypomanicepisodes may simply appear as a period of successful high productivity and isreported less frequently than a distressing, crippling depression.CyclothymiaA history of hypomanic episodes with periods of depression that do not meetcriteria for major depressive episodes. There is a low-grade cycling of moodwhich appears to the observer as a personality trait, and interferes withfunctioning.Bipolar Disorder NOS (Not Otherwise Specified)This is a catchall category, diagnosed when the disorder does not fall within aspecific subtype. Bipolar NOS can still significantly impair and adversely affectthe quality of life of the patient.Sign & Symtoms of Bipolar Disorder
  2. 2. Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people experience abnormally elevated(manic or hypomanic) and, in many cases, abnormally depressed states forperiods of time in a way that interferes with functioning.Depressive episodeSigns and symptoms of the depressive phase of bipolar disorder includepersistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, guilt, anger, isolation, or hopelessness;disturbances in sleep and appetite; fatigue and loss of interest in usuallyenjoyable activities; problems concentrating; loneliness, self-loathing, apathy orindifference; depersonalization; loss of interest in sexual activity; shyness orsocial anxiety; irritability, chronic pain (with or without a known cause); lack ofmotivation; and morbid suicidal ideation In severe cases, the individual maybecome psychotic, a condition also known as severe bipolar depression withpsychotic features. These symptoms include delusions or, less commonly,hallucinations, usually unpleasant.Manic episodeMania is the signature characteristic of bipolar disorder and, depending on itsseverity, is how the disorder is classified. Mania is generally characterized by adistinct period of an elevated mood, which can take the form of euphoria.People commonly experience an increase in energy and a decreased need forsleep, with many often getting as little as 3 or 4 hours of sleep per night, whileothers can go days without sleeping. A person may exhibit pressured speech,with thoughts experienced as racing. Attention span is low, and a person in amanic state may be easily distracted. Judgment may become impaired, andsufferers may go on spending sprees or engage in behavior that is quiteabnormal for them. They may indulge in substance abuse, particularly alcoholor other depressants, cocaine or other stimulants, or sleeping pills. Theirbehavior may become aggressive, intolerant, or intrusive. People may feel out ofcontrol or unstoppable, or as if they have been "chosen" and are "on a specialmission" or have other grandiose or delusional ideas. Sexual drive mayincrease. At more extreme phases of bipolar I, a person in a manic state canbegin to experience psychosis, or a break with reality, where thinking isaffected along with mood. Some people in a manic state experience severeanxiety and are very irritable (to the point of rage), while others are euphoricand grandiose.Hypomanic episode
  3. 3. Hypomania is generally a mild to moderate level of mania, characterized byoptimism, pressure of speech and activity, and decreased need for sleep.Generally, hypomania does not inhibit functioning like mania. Many peoplewith hypomania are actually in fact more productive than usual, while manicindividuals have difficulty completing tasks due to a shortened attention span.Some people have increased creativity while others demonstrate poor judgmentand irritability. Many people experience signature hypersexuality. Thesepersons generally have increased energy and tend to become more active thanusual. They do not, however, have delusions or hallucinations.Hypomania may feel good to the person who experiences it. Thus, even whenfamily and friends learn to recognize the mood swings, the individual often willdeny that anything is wrong. Also, the individual may not be able to recall theevents that took place while they were experiencing hypomania. What might becalled a "hypomanic event", if not accompanied by complementary depressiveepisodes ("downs", etc.), is not typically deemed as problematic: The "problem"arises when mood changes are uncontrollable and, more importantly, volatileor "mercurialMixed Affective EpisodeIn the context of bipolar disorder, a mixed state is a condition during whichsymptoms of mania and clinical depression occur simultaneously. Typicalexamples include tearfulness during a manic episode or racing thoughts duringa depressive episode. Individuals may also feel incredibly frustrated in thisstate, since one may feel like a failure and at the same time have a flight ofideas. Mixed states are often the most dangerous period of mood disorders,during which substance abuse, panic disorder, suicide attempts, and othercomplications increase greatly.Cause of Bipolar DisorderGeneticGenetic studies have suggested many chromosomal regions and candidategenes appearing to relate to the development of bipolar disorder, but theresults are not consistent and often not replicated. Advanced paternal age hasbeen linked to a somewhat increased chance of bipolar disorder in offspring,consistent with a hypothesis of increased new genetic mutations.PhysiologicalAbnormalities in the structure and/or function of certain brain circuits couldunderlie bipolar. A general reduction of brain volume and anatomically specificdifferences in areas such as the prefrontal cortex and the globus pallidus aremost commonly found.
  4. 4. Environmental Evidence suggests that environmental factors play a significantrole in the development and course of bipolar disorder, and that individualpsychosocial variables may interact with genetic dispositions.Document Source: http://www.mindheal.orgMindheal Homeopathy is a leading homeopathic treatment center inMumbai, India.

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