Effective treatment for Thalassemia at Mindheal Homeopathy
THALASSEMIADEFINITIONThalassemia is a blood disorder passed down through families(inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form ofhemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Thedisorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, whichleads to anemia.CausesHemoglobin is made of two proteins: Alpha globin and betaglobin. Thalassemia occurs when there is a defect in a gene thathelps control production of one of these proteins.There are two main types of thalassemia: • Alpha thalassemia occurs when a gene or genes related to the alpha globin protein are missing or changed (mutated). • Beta thalassemia occurs when similar gene defects affect production of the beta globin protein.Alpha thalassemias occur most commonly in persons fromsoutheast Asia, the Middle East, China, and in those of Africandescent.Beta thalassemias occur in persons of Mediterranean origin, and toa lesser extent, Chinese, other Asians, and African Americans.There are many forms of thalassemia. Each type has manydifferent subtypes. Both alpha and beta thalassemia include thefollowing two forms: • Thalassemia major
• Thalassemia minorYou must inherit the defective gene from both parents to developthalassemia major.Thalassemia minor occurs if you receive the defective gene fromonly one parent. Persons with this form of the disorder are carriersof the disease and usually do not have symptoms.Beta thalassemia major is also called Cooleys anemia.Risk factors for thalassemia include: • Asian, Chinese, Mediterranean, or African American ethnicity • Family history of the disorderSymptomsThe most severe form of alpha thalassemia major causes stillbirth(death of the unborn baby during birth or the late stages ofpregnancy).Children born with thalessemia major (Cooleys anemia) arenormal at birth, but develop severe anemia during the first year oflife.Other symptoms can include: • Bone deformities in the face • Fatigue • Growth failure • Shortness of breath • Yellow skin (jaundice)
Persons with the minor form of alpha and beta thalassemia havesmall red blood cells (which are identified by looking at their redblood cells under a microscope), but no symptoms.Exams and TestsA physical exam may reveal a swollen (enlarged) spleen.A blood sample will be taken and sent to a laboratory forexamination. • Red blood cells will appear small and abnormally shaped when looked at under a microscope. • A complete blood count (CBC) reveals anemia. • A test called hemoglobin electrophoresis shows the presence of an abnormal form of hemoglobin.A test called mutational analysis can help detect alpha thalassemiathat cannot be seen with hemoglobin electrophoresis.TreatmentTreatment for thalassemia major often involves regular bloodtransfusions and folate supplements.If you receive blood transfusions, you should not take ironsupplements. Doing so can cause a high amount of iron to build upin the body, which can be harmful.Persons who receive significant numbers of blood transfusionsneed a treatment called chelation therapy to remove excess ironfrom the body.Bone marrow transplant may help treat the disease in somepatients, especially children.
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