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  1. 1. A Difficult Past:How the america’S CHANGED<br />Sarah Hevezi<br />History 141<br />
  2. 2. Background Readings<br />FattHing Chin- Immigrated to America in 1849 to join in the Gold Rush<br />FattHing Chin was one of the earliest Chinese immigrants to settle in the America’s<br />All immigrants contributed to the transformation of the Americas including millions from Europe and Asia<br />Early 18th and 19th century almost all lands of the Weastern hemisphere won independence from European colonial powers.<br />Legacy of the Enlightenment-the effort to build societies based on freedom, equality, and constitutional government<br />
  3. 3. Immigrants Digging for Gold<br />
  4. 4. The Building of the United States<br />In 1803 the U.S doubled in size<br />Civil war in 1806<br />Westward Expansion and Civil War<br />By midcentury almost all adult white men were eligible for participation in political affairs<br />Westward expansion brought settlers and government forces to conflict with the Indigenous peoples of North America<br />1840 U.S forces had gained effective control of all territory east of the Mississippi River.<br />Westward expansion generated tension between the U.S and Mexico<br />
  5. 5. The Little Ice Age<br />The Little Ice age was a cooling period that occurred from about the 16th to 19th centuries.<br />Though it was not a true ice age the name “Little Ice Age” was coined by Francois E. Matthes in 1939<br />3 Warming periods occurred; in 1650, 1770 and 1850<br />The Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico chronicles Mayan and Aztec experiencing related periods of cold and drought which support the existence of the Little Ice Age<br />The Little Ice Age brought colder winters to parts of Europe and North America<br />New York Harbor froze over, allowing people to walk freely from Manhattan to Staten Island<br />
  6. 6. Painting of Canada During Little Ice Age<br />
  7. 7. Frontiers of the Americas<br />The Louisiana Purchase<br />The United States took over Louisiana from the French in 1803<br />The U.S paid a total of $15 million for the Louisiana territory<br />The territory was slowly acquired throughout the nineteenth century<br />The purchase double the size of the U.S and now makes up 23% of the country<br />Thomas Jefferson made the purchase because he felt uneasy about France and Spain having the power to block American trade access to the port of New Orleans<br />The North American Frontier<br /> Alexander Philipp MaximillianZuWied was a German explorer and scientist<br /> In 1832 he traveled to the Great Plains region of North America along with Karl Bodmer, a Swiss painter who documented their journey through pictures<br /> They studied the cultures of tribes and collected samples of flowers and plants<br />
  8. 8. Map of the Louisiana Purchase<br />
  9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom<br />James McPhersonsCrossroads of Freedom dealt with issues and individual strategies of the Civil War<br />General Robert E. Lee lead the invasion of the North<br />Robert E. Lee’s northern invasion was intended to defeat the Yankees, demoralize the North, encourage the election of Peace Democrats to Congress, gain European diplomatic recognition for the South, and rally pro-South sentiment in Maryland<br />
  10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom Cont.<br />Northern morale increased dramatically, increasing the Yankee will to fight<br />The Confederate military momentum was slowed. <br />President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in Confederate territory.<br />