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Garment Faults
Prepared By : Mazadul Hasan sheshir
ID: 2010000400008
13th Batch (session 2009-2013)
Department : Wet Processing Technolog...
Garment defects:
Any abnormality in the Garment that hinders its acceptability by the consumer
,is called Garment defect. ...
Garment defects can be separated into three categories:
1. Fabric defects:
These are defects that are found in the fabric;...
Remedies:
1. Machine feed mechanism must be better quality
2. Sewing thread must be selected properly
3. Thread tension mu...
Drop stitch/Skipped stitch: Irregular stitching along the seam.
Remedies:
1. Examine the setting and timing between needle...
Wavy/staggered stitching: Stitches are not straight.
Remedies:
1. Needle to be changed
2. Needle size and thread size shou...
Open seam or broken seam: Portion of the garment that has not been covered by
sewing thread.
Remedies:
1. Proper setting a...
Broken Stitch: Non-continuous sewing thread.
Remedies:
1. Proper machine usage
2. proper trimming
Broken Stitch
Causes: It...
Uncut/ loose thread: Extra thread or loose thread on seam line.
Remedies:
1. Garments finishing should be checked properly...
Holes: Broken holes in the fabric where you are able to see through the fabric to the
other side.
Remedy:
Better inspectio...
Shading Variations within different parts: Seams appear to be lighter or darker than
the other seams surrounding it.
Remed...
Seams not aligned at crossing of seams: Seams are not lined up at intersection of
seams.
Remedy: When these defects starts...
Others: Misaligned buttons and holes ,unfinished buttonhole, missing buttons, wrong
placement of labels, hang tag, wrong f...
Sizing defects:
(Difference in measurement of various parts of garments), wrong placement of
pocket, buttonhole, embroider...
Trims, accessories and embellishment defects:
These defects include color, size and placement of trims such as labels, sew...
3. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects:
These defects include color, size and placement of trims such as
labels, ...
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Garment Faults

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Garment Faults

  1. 1. Garment Faults
  2. 2. Prepared By : Mazadul Hasan sheshir ID: 2010000400008 13th Batch (session 2009-2013) Department : Wet Processing Technology Email: mazadulhasan@yahoo.com Blog : www. Textilelab.blogspot.com (visit) Southeast University Department Of Textile Engineering I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh Prepared By : ©right
  3. 3. Garment defects: Any abnormality in the Garment that hinders its acceptability by the consumer ,is called Garment defect. These are defects that are found in the fabric; mostly these are caused by the sewing lines. Garment defects
  4. 4. Garment defects can be separated into three categories: 1. Fabric defects: These are defects that are found in the fabric; mostly these are not caused by the sewing lines. E.g. running shade, selvedge-to-selvedge shade, holes, staining mark, missing yarn, foreign yarn, slub , hairiness etc. 2. Workmanship and handling defects: These are defects that are directly caused by production section, this would include both the cutting and sewing section. Buyer’s approved samples must be referred to maintain perfect workmanship. 3. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects: Garment defect categories
  5. 5. Remedies: 1. Machine feed mechanism must be better quality 2. Sewing thread must be selected properly 3. Thread tension must be kept in limit Seam Puckering: refers to the gathering of a seam either just after sewing or after laundering causing an unacceptable seam appearance. Seam Puckering Causes: This problem arises due to uneven stretching on to plies of fabric during sewing , improper thread tension , wrong sewing thread selection , dimensional instability of the plies of fabric etc.
  6. 6. Drop stitch/Skipped stitch: Irregular stitching along the seam. Remedies: 1. Examine the setting and timing between needle and hook or looped. 2. Placing of needle properly. 3. The tension of thread should be adjusted. 4. Needle size & thread size must be adjusted. 5. The pressure of pressure foot must be adjusted accurately. Drop stitch/Skipped stitch Causes: It appears due to improper handling of cut pieces or machine usage.
  7. 7. Wavy/staggered stitching: Stitches are not straight. Remedies: 1. Needle to be changed 2. Needle size and thread size should be changed 3. Feed mechanism to be changed Causes: It appears due to improper handling of cut pieces, faulty feed mechanism, needle deflection or wrong needle etc. Wavy/staggered stitching
  8. 8. Open seam or broken seam: Portion of the garment that has not been covered by sewing thread. Remedies: 1. Proper setting and timing between needle and looper or hook. 2. Proper handling of the parts of garments Causes: This happens due to improper handling of the parts of garments , improper setting and timing between needle and looper or hook etc. Open seam or broken seam
  9. 9. Broken Stitch: Non-continuous sewing thread. Remedies: 1. Proper machine usage 2. proper trimming Broken Stitch Causes: It appears due to improper trimming or machine usage.
  10. 10. Uncut/ loose thread: Extra thread or loose thread on seam line. Remedies: 1. Garments finishing should be checked properly. Uncut/ loose thread Causes: It appears due to improper trimming or finishing.
  11. 11. Holes: Broken holes in the fabric where you are able to see through the fabric to the other side. Remedy: Better inspection of fabric and cut piece. Ensure that fabric and cut pieces that are not up to standard are not put into line and production is wasted. Replace not standard cut pieces with usable ones before input. Cause: Holes can come from fabric or it could be caused by the production side, either by improper trimming or broken needle puncturing the fabric. Holes
  12. 12. Shading Variations within different parts: Seams appear to be lighter or darker than the other seams surrounding it. Remedies: After cutting the garment parts must be kept in proper bundle with number. Causes: It arises due to improper cutting, bundling and numbering. Shading Variations within different parts
  13. 13. Seams not aligned at crossing of seams: Seams are not lined up at intersection of seams. Remedy: When these defects starts to appear at close to 2% or 5 pieces, the production must be informed and the operator must re-trained in the proper usage of the machine. Seams not aligned at crossing of seams Cause: Defects generally come about either from improper handling of the cut piece.
  14. 14. Others: Misaligned buttons and holes ,unfinished buttonhole, missing buttons, wrong placement of labels, hang tag, wrong folding or poor folding , improper packing into cartons – all these defects come from finishing section. Others
  15. 15. Sizing defects: (Difference in measurement of various parts of garments), wrong placement of pocket, buttonhole, embroidery and prints , measurement discrepancy- all these problems come from pattern section. Poor ironing: if not sufficient, there might be creases and crinkles on garment surface and if ironing is too heavy, there might be shining mark on garment. misaligned buttons and holes ,unfinished buttonhole, missing buttons, wrong placement of labels, hang tag, wrong folding or poor folding , improper packing into cartons – all these defects come from finishing section. Others
  16. 16. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects: These defects include color, size and placement of trims such as labels, sewing thread, screen print, embroidery designs, zipper, hangtag, lining, button and any kind of trims. Defects are given below: 1. Unmatched color of thread 2. Broken button and zipper tape 3. Short zippers 4. Faulty zippers 5. Wrong labels 6. Improper size of the labels 7. Printing mistake of labels and cartons 8. Broken poly bag 9. Wrong hanger 10. Improper embroideries and prints. Etc. Remedy: This type of defects occurred due to unawareness. That is why during production the garments should be checked properly (In line inspection) and the booking of trims &accessories must be given as like as artwork. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects:
  17. 17. 3. Trims, accessories and embellishment defects: These defects include color, size and placement of trims such as labels, sewing thread, screen print , embroidery designs, zipper, hangtag, lining , button and any kind of trims. Defects are also classified (as per extent of defect) into Critical, Major and Minor defects. 1.Critical defects are defects that are not allowed to be shipped and are the most serious of defects (0%). 2. Major defects are serious defects that are not allowed over a certain percentage (3%) depending on buyers requirements 3. Minor defects are serious defects that are not allowed over a certain percentage (5%) depending on buyers requirements Trims, accessories and embellishment defects:

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