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Cutting Machines


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Cutting Machines

  1. 1. Southeast University Department Of Textile Engineering I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh
  2. 2. Cutting: To make a complete garments, cutting is necessary. Cutting means to out the garments pieces from lays of the fabric with the help of templates(markers).Generally the marker is applied (drawn, traced, sprayed, clipped, pinned) to the top ply of a lay. Objectives of cutting: The objectives of cutting is to separate fabric parts from the spread of the lay according to the dimension of the marker for the purpose of garments making according to the pattern pieces. Requirements of fabric cutting: In order to achieve these objectives, certain requirements must be fulfilledPrecision (Exactness) of cut. Clean edges. Un fused edges. Support of the lay. Consistent cutting
  3. 3. There are mainly three types of cutting technique1.Completely by manual-Hand operated scissors. 2.Manually operated powered knife. Straight knife. Band knife. Round knife. Die cutter. Notcher cutter. Drill. 3.Computerized technique. Knife cutting. Cutting by water jet. Leaser cutting. Plasma torch cutting.
  4. 4. Specification Motors: Available with 1 Phase Motor of 110 V and 220 V & with 3 Phase Motor of 220 V and 380 V. Speed: With Single / Dual speed, Variable speed is not available. Blades: High Speed Steel is standard blade. Optional blade/s are carbon steel, Teflon coated, wave edges, height:-10-13”, Width1.5-3cm, thickness 0.5mm Belts: Fine, medium, coarse, rough, waterproof are available. Weight: 34 lbs; 15.4 kgs. Horsepower: . 65 hp .1 ph & .93 hp .3 ph. Motor Handle Safety Guard Knife Base plate Knife : Stand Straight Knife Cutting Machine
  5. 5. •Firstly, switch on this cutting machine. •Then, place the cutting machine at any corner of the table. •Then switch on the blade. •Then the operator moves the machine by hand through the stationary fabric layers and cut along marker lines until finish the marker. •The greater the power of the motor , the heavier the machine . 1.The motor power needed is determined by2.The height of the lay 3.The construction of the fabric. 4.The curvature of the line being cut. 5.The stroke of the blade
  6. 6. Advantages of Straight knife cutting Machine •Comparatively cheap & and can be cut many plies at a time •Higher lay of height can be cut very easily. •Round corners can be cut more precisely than even round knife. •Production speed is very good. •Garments components can be directly separated from fabric lay. •Fabric can be cut from any angle. Disadvantages of Straight knife cutting Machine •Sometimes deflecting occur due to the weight of the motor. •Knife deflection is high in risk, when any height is to high. •Sometimes accident may happen.
  7. 7. Features of Band Knife Machine: 1. This machine worked as saw mill technique. 2. Not possible to cut fabric directly from lay. 3. Block pieces of fabric required in bundle form to cut by this machine. 4. Blade moving vertically through a flat working table. 5. Machine remains stationary and fabric is moveable. 6. Specially used to cut small parts more accurately.
  8. 8. Advantages of Band Knife cutting Machine 1. Straight and accurate cutting from the first layer to the bottom layer 2. Air blowing table provides air cushion for material easy movement 3. Equipped with knife sharpening device, sharpening underneath table no metal pieces on table surface 4. High accuracy and vertical cutting finish 5. Adjustable knife running speed 6. Special bearing guide design to keep knife moving in same position Disadvantages of Band Knife Machine: 1. Fabric wastage is high. 2. Work load high. 3. Push cutting needles in better vision but is more dangerous.
  9. 9. A water jet cutter, also known as a waterj et, is a tool capable of slicing into metalor other materials (such as granite) using a jet of water at high velocity and pressure, or a mixture of water and an abrasive substance. The process is essentially the same as water erosion found in nature but greatly accelerated and concentrated.
  10. 10. Advantages to Waterjet Cutting Waterjet cutting has many applications, and there are many reasons why waterjet cutting is preferable over other cutting methods. Listed below are several advantages, along with a brief explanation. In waterjet cutting, there is no heat generated. This is especially useful for cutting tool steel and other metals where excessive heat may change the properties of the material. Unlike machining or grinding, waterjet cutting does not produce any dust or particles that are harmful if inhaled. The kerf width in waterjet cutting is very small, and very little material is wasted.
  11. 11. Disadvantages of water jet cutting machine: One of the main disadvantages of water jet cutting is that a limited number of materials can be cut economically. While it is possible to cut tool steels, and other hard materials, the cutting rate has to be greatly reduced, and the time to cut a part can be very long. Because of this, water jet cutting can be very costly and outweigh the advantages. Another disadvantage is that very thick parts can not be cut with water jet cutting and still hold dimensional accuracy. If the part is too thick, the jet may dissipate some, and cause it to cut on a diagonal, or to have a wider cut at the bottom of the part than the top. It can also cause a ruff wave pattern on the cut surface. .
  12. 12. Round knife Eastman's 548 Cardinal is the standard by which all round knife cutting machines are measured. The most popular standard round knife cutter in production today, with a myriad of blade sizes, motor and standard configurations, the Eastman 548 is in most industry cutting rooms.
  13. 13. 1. Elements of round knife area) A base plate. b) A handle for the cutter to direct blade. c) A circular blade rotating so that the rotating edge cuts downwards into the fabric. d) An electric motor 2. Blade diameter very from 6 cm to 20 cm. 3. Blade is circular and has a very sharp edge. 4. Blade is driven by electric power. 5. The circular knife is driven by 1000-3500 r.p.m. 6. Blade edges7. Waved edge. 8. Toothed edge. 9. Circular edge.
  14. 14. Advantages of Round Knife cutting machine.  Suitable for cut single ply as well as multilayer also (say 20-30 layers).  Suitable for small scale cutting.  Easy to operate.  Suitable to cut the larger parts of garments.
  15. 15. Disadvantages of Round knife cutting machine.  Not suitable for curved lines because, the blade does not strike all the plies simultaneously at the same point.  Round knife is used only for straight lines as lower lay of relatively few plies.  Not suitable for large production.  Possibility of accident is high.  Difficult to cut small components.  Needs skilled operators.
  16. 16. Future of ply cutting • Flexible software control of cut speed and • knife-speed to increase throughput • Software screens and manuals available in • many languages • Metric and Imperial data capabilities • State-of-the-art embedded digital motion
  17. 17. Windows operating system:  Fully network-compatible  Easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI)  Sophisticated cut data file handling  Modify notch and cutter parameter prevention  Preview piece cutting sequence  Display cut pieces as cutting progresses  Continuous display of operating parameters: Vacuum level, cut speed, etc.  Pre-loaded with library of expert setup files  providing initial Knowledge-Base  Storage of cutting setup parameter files for
  18. 18. Feature of Die cutter Machine:  Fast die change and setuptimes  Driven pinch rollers  In feed and out feed conveyers  Moveable control console for easy operation  Language-selectable keypad with inch or millimeter readout  PLC controlled servomotor indexing  Automatic or manual operation  Adjustable cutting stroke
  19. 19. Very accurate and excellent for small components The greater the blade movement , the faster the blade cuts the fabric & the more rapidly. The operate can be easily & push the Machine. Mainly used for mass production of slow chang items. Dies having the exact shape of the garment pieces. Some dies are sued over a long period.
  20. 20. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF LASER CUTTING MACHINE • • • • • • • • • • Cutting Speed Up to 90 in/s, 5400 in/min, (2.3 m/s) Rapid Speed Up to 120in/s, 7200 in/min, (3 m/s) Acceleration Up to 2g (20 m/s2) Repeatability +/- 0.004" (0.1 mm), (+/- 0.001" optional) Cutting zone (W X L) 70" (1.8 m) x 52" (1.3 m)
  21. 21.  Very safe, totally enclosed cutting area with safety interlocks.  PC Windows based, user friendly, interactive operation with a click of the mouse.  Compatible with most CAD/CAM software (HPGL, Gerber cut file, DXF etc.)  The conveyor is composed of proprietary lattice surface which allows for cutting with virtually no back reflections .  Simple design, optimized by incorporating the highest quality, readily available, off-the-shelf components, guarantees maximum.
  22. 22.  Advantages of laser cutting over mechanical cutting include easier workholding and reduced contamination of workpiece.  Precision may be better, since the laser beam does not wear during the process.  There is also a reduced chance of warping the material that is being cut, as laser systems have a small heat-affected zone.  Some materials are also very difficult or impossible to cut by more traditional means
  23. 23.  The main disadvantage of laser cutting is the high power consumption.  Industrial laser efficiency may range from 5% to 15%.  This will depend on type of laser and how well the laser is matched to the work at hand.
  24. 24.  Depth micrometer: “Mitutoyo” make.  Range: 0 – 25mm with least count of 0.01mm  Cutting angle: 45º  Paint: Powder coated  Power : 230 Volts, 50Hz, single phase
  25. 25.  Backed by an advanced manufacturing unit, we are involved in offering Motorized Notch Cutter in accordance with the client’s specific requirements.  These are used for making ‘V’ notch in the Izod / Charpy samples as per ASTM D – 256.  Widely used in numerous industries, these cutters are acknowledged for their sharp & accurate cutting, high performance and easy operation.