Woody Plants Group 4a

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Woody Plants Group 4a

  1. 1. Woody Plants Group 4a Alnus tenuifolia ‘ Mountain Alder Betula nigra ‘ River Birch Betula occidentalis * Water Birch Betula pendula * Weeping Birch Carpinus betulus * Columnar Hombeam Juglans nigra * Black Walnut Morus alba ' White Mulberry
  2. 2. Alnus incana ssp. Tenuifolia Mountain Alder Deciduous, thicket forming, fast growing multistemmed shrub or small tree, to 20-40 ft (6-12 m), rounded form Can fix nitrogen ’ Used for reforestation of woodlands Considered the most common alder of the Rocky Mountains, the Sierra Nevada, and the east side of the Cascades. incana: white, a reference to the underside of leaves
  3. 3. * Height: 50 ft Spread: 40 ft '5 Form: pyramidal Annual Growth Rate: more than 18 inches It is native to Europe * The tree is grown more for its tolerance than its ‘ ornamental Value.
  4. 4. Lli¢‘. .1L, ~s: ¢i~-. -.~ x: JE’:4
  5. 5. Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia Mountain Alder ° Native habitat: Moist soils by swamps, streams, ponds and lakes in foothills to well up in the mountains ° The plant prefers medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay and nutritionally poor soils. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist or wet soil.
  6. 6. ll Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia ° Leaves altemate, simple, broadly elliptic or ovate- oblong, mostly 3-7 cm long, dull green on both sides, with doubly dentate margins ‘mill li| l i llllli ll[ll| ll fig’-lualas i wine. “-4 P’) wars
  7. 7. Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia It is in flower in March Monoecious Wind pollinated Catkins in terminal clusters of 3—several; male catkins
  8. 8. Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia ° fruit becoming conelike ° Nutlets flat, slightly winged, obovate
  9. 9. _V, 4_v J. .. _4 ff 57 ': V I “ . pr‘ 4 ' . " " 2ltlliiti}i1‘Iil’ElthAi-9?? nnjitif-'3; . :::
  10. 10. ia . tenuifol >_: :m Sagan Om: _m_ <mmm Alnus incana ssp
  11. 11. Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia and green-gray, grayish- brown, or reddish-brown ’ - ». - ,4 * The bark is thin, smooth, i I, l . l * buds stalked or sessile
  12. 12. Betula nigra River Birch 40-50 feet Oval to rounded, usually multi-trunked Native of: United States (southern Illinois) Cu| ture: Fu| | sun or partial shade; best in soils that are moist but well drained with a slightly acid pH; can tolerate sites that are wet from time to time; does not respond well to drought Notes: High| y resistant to bronze birch borers; one of the most trouble free birches; iron chlorosis (yellowing) can be a problem when the soil pH is too alkaline
  13. 13. Betula nigra l
  14. 14. Betula Nigra Strongly peeling bark in shades of cream, cinnamon brown and red brown
  15. 15. l‘ I L . . 2 ' '. , vi . t V. i. . yellow fall color __, ,- 7 P mi. » :25‘ «la: ‘. a‘ . ,-.
  16. 16. , 4
  17. 17. ID Betula nigra — creamy orange exfoliating bark — catkins mostly in 3's — twigs and buds slightly pubescent — diamond-shaped leaves
  18. 18. Betula occidentalis Water Birch * Hardiness Zones: 4 to 6 Height: 25 ft Spread: 25 feet Form: spreading Annual Growth Rate: less than 12 inches Comments: This small, spreading tree has reddish brown bark and pendulous branches. On some sites, the plant may be a large shrub. Water birch is a native of the western United States where it grows along streams. Consequently, water birch requires a moist soil. The fall foliage color is yellow.
  19. 19. Betula occidentalis * Fruit: A cylindrical papery strobile (cone) that disintegrates at maturity, 1 inch long, seeds are tiny winged nutlets. * Twig: Young twigs are green and sticky, but turn reddish-brown and resin-dotted, eventually tum gray-brown and smooth.
  20. 20. Betula occidentalis Form * A loosely branched g , deciduous shrub or C , small tree growing ill to 40 feet tall and 1 foot in diameter k‘, . . . 'l ‘ '. ' s', ',-g, ‘‘ ‘) A ~ = - T wr - -: ‘. ‘=1 '}3’ii{£§l
  21. 21. Betula occidentalis Form, Fall color yellow
  22. 22. Betula occidentalis Leaf 9» _ ‘ Simple, altemate, ovate to diamond-shaped, 3/4 to 2 inches long, yellow-green above and initially sticky but becoming smooth, paler and glandular below ' Margins distinctly serrated or doubly serrated, except near the base.
  23. 23. ’V_‘7r. : K ‘T °'~<‘tm'c. .s | ql| ll| l|| llql| |ll | llllllllflllllllllllllll | l|l Fisher car. No. 03 ow ‘$3., scientific 1 ? (-ll'Jl| f.‘C Itnr; | iil. '§llF‘5 IIllllll| llIlll1lllllllllllllllzl I l lll I llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Iii
  24. 24. Betula occidentalis _. ,m-. _ t Flower: Tj’ , f l A Monoecious with - : _. both sexes borne T. T i g in aments (catkins), male aments preformed and clustered, female aments usually solitary
  25. 25. Betula occidentalis Bark ‘A. ‘ Thin and smooth, but _, dotted with conspicuous I lenticles, almost black when young, but tuming l7‘f__; “7 . reddish-brown to copper- G _ colored as it ages, older bark may loosen and g G curl, but does not ill exfoliate.
  26. 26. Betula pendula laciniata ‘Gracilis’ Cutleaf Weeping Birch Height — 45’ Spread 30-40’ High water needs Oval weeping shape Yellow fall color Full Sun Altemate, simple, pinnately veined, ovate to nearly triangular, serrated
  27. 27. Betula pendula Catkins Fruit slender 1 inch long with tiny 2 winged nutlets Bark: white smooth and does peel in papery strips Small to medium size tree, open pyramidal crown Drooping branches
  28. 28. ID Features leaf surfaces dotted with glands white bark with vertical black fissures on main trunk pendulous twigs male catkins in 2's, 3's, or singly non—exfoliating bark
  29. 29. male catkins in 2's, 3's, or singly
  30. 30. white bark with vertical black fissures on main trunk
  31. 31. ,_-. .4.. . Mo? ’ 2»
  32. 32. Carpinus betulus ‘F astigiata’ Columnar Hombeam (F astigiate European Hombeam) Height: 40-60’ Spread: 30-40’ Considered ‘Drought tolerant’ in the East High water needs ? Upright oval shape Yellow Fall color Dense close-knit gives a fonnal outline No central leader Dark green summer foliage
  33. 33. ID Features buds hook or curve back around the stem alternate leaf arrangement highly impressed veins and textured leaves clusters of nutlets with bracts fluted, muscle-like gray bark dense, clean summer foliage
  34. 34. a‘. '[f. '_, ‘)| ( ~. n Vii . V". YI: lV‘! ‘.
  35. 35. highly impressed veins and textured leaves
  36. 36. Carpinus betulus ‘F astigiata’ Fall color
  37. 37. clusters of nutlets with bracts M. .. .8. 7% w1.. .,. ... , xiii, » Q -. i. Div U. .:. ,. , ._. -. Ii . Jtl . . , . . . T» 1 . .7. . , I i . 7 . .. i, . .4 ti. /. ... m,. ... u., .. I - Va A. I I. J.. Ii. .4: , .I .4.. a . x. .. 4» Jan. F . .. i ct. .. X II4 if» I . .| ‘ . 4
  38. 38. Juglcms nigra Black Walnut * Flower: Male catkins 2 ‘/2 - 5 ‘/2; “Female on short spikes yellow green * Fruit: round with green husk. Irregularly furrowed nut with sweet oily meat; edible * Leaf scar ‘monkey face’
  39. 39. Juglans nigra Form Irregular, Spreading 50-75’ E 3 i :1 5: :2 ~. | ‘, .a ,1- . . . ~-' ‘~ : ‘ " __. ..___ . . Black Walnut . /ugluns rr/ ';, ;ra
  40. 40. J uglans nigra Altemate, pinnately compound with 10 to 24 leafle$,12to 24inches long
  41. 41. - L i'. ' . c . - 4 i: P. C: *2 Black Walnut . lIIgImr. s' nigru
  42. 42. ix: 1. I i ’. fs, a.. . ¢. .~. . T . . v. . , .. .i. i.. . v t,1nl}. vn, , . .:. :.£. : _. _ : ..D c Black Walnut Jugluns nigra
  43. 43. Morus alba ‘Striblingii’ Fruitless Mulberry Height 30-50 ’ Spread 30-50’ Low water needs Vigorous — sustained the silk industry of China & Japan Green-yellow leaves Strongly veined with sharp teeth Prefers long warm summers
  44. 44. .' . ; 2. T _e. . EslI-v I ll'l’. l[llIl I ll l lll. lllllllll. ,
  45. 45. |(. l_""5|3. iv; 'u I culcss it -20! 2. ( an IC less
  46. 46. n ,1: , Io¢¢-. .oIIc¢. maW‘. l.. sfibai , .l. , . Ix. .. .u, ... I (.4 »1§ . .23 . ill . o 3.. u. ... .. TW . 3.. .. an f v IL .9) . . . ., r. : A
  47. 47. Morus Alba ID alternate leaf arrangement variable leaf shape with serrate leaf margins fleshy drupe fruit imbricate buds with fine hairs or scale tips tenninal bud absent rough leaves bark sweet when chewed
  48. 48. Moms Alba ‘Chaparral’ Weeping White Mulberry Height 12’ Spread 16’ Medium water needs Weeping Bright green, glossy foliage Yellowish fall color
  49. 49. ,. ..m. 1.; . 4 _l. .' g_-. 9- 3,‘, . , ;_ 9'- _; .. x. '«'. -
  50. 50. ,’ -W-fa’-_ 51'. ‘ ‘ J” . ‘ . , ’. .) @20C£4‘ Gary, fewless
  51. 51. . . p
  52. 52. (Cl 2(_lll2. (ian Fen less
  53. 53. Id from Photos
  54. 54. Leaves
  55. 55. a‘. '[f. '_, ‘)| ( ~. n Vii . V". YI: lV‘! ‘.
  56. 56. |(. l_""5|3. iv; 'u I culcss it -20! 2. ( an IC less
  57. 57. Fruit
  58. 58. Alnus incana ssp. tenuifolia
  59. 59. clusters of nutlets with bracts M. .. .4. 7% w1.. .,. ... . ants}! » Q -. i. Div U. .:. ,. , ._. -. Ii . Jtl . . , . . . T» 1 . .7. . , I i . 7 . .. i, . .4 ti. /. ... m,. ... u.. .. I - Va A. I I. J.. Ii. .4: , .I .4.. a . x. .. 4» Jan. F . .. i ct. .. X II4 if» I . .| ‘ . 4
  60. 60. .. 7.-: .I~: Z J . :.n c
  61. 61. (Cl 2(_lll2. (ian Fcv. less
  62. 62. B ark
  63. 63. U Q1 :1 ‘E . < (J 1:: m
  64. 64. Betula Nigra Strongly peeling bark in shades of cream, cinnamon brown and red brown
  65. 65. av . .Ilt¢ III». 44 a If , ii _. ‘IIV» . . . oi . .

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