Pesticide Formulations Course 02441 13.3


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Pesticide Formulations Course 02441 13.3

  1. 1. Pesticide Formulations Mr. From Written by Mr. Fellenbaum Ag Science III GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office To accompany the Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Lesson 02441-13.3 July 2001
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Define Pesticide Formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Define the different pesticide formulations </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the pros and cons of each formulation </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a pesticide formulation? <ul><li>The composition of the pesticide </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of two things— </li></ul><ul><li>a. Active ingredients-what controls the pest </li></ul><ul><li>b. Inert ingredients-filler material to spread out the active ingredient </li></ul>
  4. 4. Emulsifiable Concentrates <ul><li>Known as EC </li></ul><ul><li>Liquid formulation </li></ul><ul><li>Active ingredient dissolved in petroleum based solvent </li></ul><ul><li>Emulsifier added so that oil can disperse in water </li></ul><ul><li>White when added to H20 </li></ul><ul><li>2-8 lbs. active ingredient/g </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pros <ul><li>Easy to handle, transport, and store </li></ul><ul><li>Little agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Can use with a wide range of applicators </li></ul><ul><li>Nonabrasive to equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Does not plug </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cons <ul><li>Rapidly absorbed through skin </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of phytotoxicity when temps are high </li></ul><ul><li>Can pit or discolor treated surface </li></ul><ul><li>May deteriorate rubber or plastic </li></ul><ul><li>Fire hazard (petroleum) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Solutions <ul><li>Active ingredient dissolved in liquid solvent </li></ul><ul><li>May need diluted </li></ul><ul><li>Same pros and cons as EC’s </li></ul><ul><li>ULV-Ultra Low Volume </li></ul><ul><li>-80-100% Active Ingredient </li></ul><ul><li>-Less frequent refills </li></ul>
  8. 8. Soluble Powders <ul><li>Dissolves in water to form true solution </li></ul><ul><li>No extra mixing required </li></ul><ul><li>Similar Pros and Cons to WP’s, except they are not abrasive </li></ul>
  9. 9. Wettable Powders (WP) <ul><li>Finely ground, dry formulation </li></ul><ul><li>25-80% Active ingredient </li></ul><ul><li>Forms a suspension when mixed with water </li></ul><ul><li>-Suspension—does not dissolve, requires constant agitation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pros <ul><li>Easy to store, transport, and handle </li></ul><ul><li>Slow skin absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Low risk of phytotoxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cons <ul><li>Constant agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation of dust </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasive </li></ul><ul><li>Clogs screens and nozzles </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to mix in hard or alkaline water </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves residue </li></ul>
  12. 12. Flowables (F) <ul><li>Powder in suspension of a liquid carrier </li></ul><ul><li>4 lbs/gallon of active ingredient </li></ul><ul><li>Same cons as WP’s (except dust) </li></ul><ul><li>Must shake containers </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to handle </li></ul>
  13. 13. Dry Flowables (DF) & Water Dispersable Granules (WDG) <ul><li>Like WP’s, except in granular form </li></ul><ul><li>Granules break apart when they hit H20 </li></ul><ul><li>Less dust than WP’s </li></ul><ul><li>More easily measured and mixed than WP’s </li></ul>
  14. 14. Microencapsulated <ul><li>Active ingredient encased in a capsule </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed in suspension </li></ul><ul><li>Slow release of active ingredient once applied </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pros <ul><li>Safe and easy to handle </li></ul><ul><li>Capsule prevents dermal absorption by the applicator </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cons <ul><li>Bees may carry capsules back to hive in pollen basket which can destroy the hive </li></ul><ul><li>May clog nozzle screens </li></ul><ul><li>Agitation required to keep suspended </li></ul>
  17. 17. Dusts (D) <ul><li>1-10% Active Ingredient </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed with finely ground substance </li></ul><ul><li>No mixing, easy application </li></ul><ul><li>Drift is a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Wind and rain remove quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Irritating to user </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive for amount of AI </li></ul>
  18. 18. Baits (B) <ul><li>AI mixed with edible substance </li></ul><ul><li>No special application eqpmnt. </li></ul><ul><li>May be attractive to non-target pests </li></ul><ul><li>Dead pests may stink </li></ul><ul><li>Cost high if repeated baiting needed </li></ul>
  19. 19. Granules (G) & Pellets (P) <ul><li>5-20% AI, applied to porous, solid material </li></ul><ul><li>Used to control pests in soil </li></ul><ul><li>AI absorbed by plant roots </li></ul><ul><li>Little dust or drift hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Need incorporation </li></ul><ul><li>May be eaten by non target animals </li></ul><ul><li>May get trapped in some plants </li></ul>
  20. 20. Aerosols <ul><li>AI in solution in a pressurized container </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use and store </li></ul><ul><li>High cost </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation injury possible </li></ul><ul><li>Drift a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Flammable! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Fumigants <ul><li>Chemicals active as gases </li></ul><ul><li>Used in soil and closed structures </li></ul><ul><li>Kills anything </li></ul><ul><li>Penetrates cracks </li></ul><ul><li>One treatment enough </li></ul><ul><li>Most hazardous </li></ul><ul><li>Must enclose area </li></ul>