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The french revolution power point


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The french revolution power point

  2. 2. Section 1- On the Eve of Revolution <ul><li>Social Structure </li></ul><ul><li>First Estate- Clergy </li></ul><ul><li>-Church owned about 10% of the land and paid no direct taxes to the state </li></ul><ul><li>- made up about 1% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Second Estate-nobles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Held the top jobs in the government, the army, courts, and the church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Also did not have to pay direct taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Made up about 1% of the population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Estate- 98% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>-At the top were the bourgeoisie (middle class) including bankers, merchants, lawyers, doctors </li></ul><ul><li>-Most people were rural peasants </li></ul><ul><li>-On the bottom were the urban workers </li></ul><ul><li>-paid direct taxes to the state </li></ul>
  3. 3. Land Ownership in France
  4. 4. Discontent of the Third Estate <ul><li>Discontent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third estate members resented the upper estates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best jobs were reserved for the nobles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their wages were small </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Burdened with taxes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Even a small rise in food prices could mean starvation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Economic Troubles <ul><li>Burden of Taxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XIV had left France in debt so the government had to borrow more and more money, thus, they had to increase taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobles and clergy resisted attempts to make them pay taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poor Harvests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food prices went soaring and people began to riot demanding bread </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Failure of Reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some rulers of France were more interested in themselves than the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some were well-meaning, but were weak and indecisive </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Estates General <ul><li>Louis XVI calls the Estates General </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each estate received one vote which meant the 1st and 2nd estates could outvote the 3rd </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Louis had each estate prepare a cahier- notebook listing grievances </li></ul><ul><li>3rd estate declared themselves the National Assembly and took the Tennis Court Oath- they swore to keep meeting until they had established a just constitution </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tennis Court Oath
  8. 8. Storming of the Bastille <ul><li>Storming the Bastille- July 14, 1789 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowd demanded weapons and gunpowder they thought were stored at the prison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some prisoners were released </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen as a symbol of the Revolution </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Storming of the Bastille