Chapter 9 section 1

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Chapter 9 section 1

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution Spreads<br />Chapter 9 Section 1 <br />
  2. 2. New Industrial Powers<br />Started with Britain<br />Belgium became the first nation outside Britain to industrialize<br />New pacesetters<br />Germany, France and the U.S. had greater supplies of coal, iron, and other resources<br />Borrowed British technology<br />By 1900, American industry led the world in production<br />
  3. 3. Map of Europe <br />
  4. 4. Uneven development<br />Some nations lacked the resources or capital to invest in businesses<br />Example: Russia<br />Had resources, but lacked the right social and political conditions <br />
  5. 5. Technology and Industry<br />Steel (1856)<br />Lighter, harder, and more durable than iron<br />Chemicals (1866) dynamite<br />Invented by Alfred Nobel- used in construction and warfare, used his money to fund Nobel prizes<br />electricity<br />Michael Faraday- dynamo- a machine that generates electricity<br />Thomas Edison made the first electric light bulb<br />New methods of production<br />Assembly line<br />Interchangeable parts<br />
  6. 6. Dynamo and Light Bulb<br />
  7. 7. Technology Speeds Transportation and communication<br />The automobile begins<br />1886 Karl Benz received a patent for the first automobile<br />Henry Ford’s cars could go 25 miles per hour- he used the assembly line to produce cars<br />Conquest of the Air<br />Orville and Wilbour Wright invented the first flying machine<br />Rapid Communication<br />Samuel Morse developed the telegraph<br />Alexander Graham Bell developed the telephone<br />
  8. 8. Karl Benz and the first automobile <br />
  9. 9. Wright brothers and the first plane<br />
  10. 10. Big Business and the Move toward Regulation<br />Rise of Big Business<br />Formed giant corporations- businesses owned by many investors who buy shares of stock <br />Monopolies<br />Some companies developed monopolies- control over a certain type of industry<br />Example: John D. Rockefeller- Standard Oil Company <br />Reformers called for laws to prevent monopolies and regulate large corporations<br />

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