Chapter 3 section 1 power point

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Chapter 3 section 1 power point

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Section 1Chapter 3 Section 1 The First Global Age: Europe, theThe First Global Age: Europe, the Americas, and AfricaAmericas, and Africa
  2. 2. Conquest in the AmericasConquest in the Americas ► Conquistadors followed after Columbus discoveredConquistadors followed after Columbus discovered the Caribbean Islandsthe Caribbean Islands  Seized gold from the nativesSeized gold from the natives  Forced them to convert to ChristianityForced them to convert to Christianity  Spread disease: smallpox, measles, influenzaSpread disease: smallpox, measles, influenza
  3. 3. The ConquistadorsThe Conquistadors ► Cortes in MexicoCortes in Mexico  Arrived in Mexico inArrived in Mexico in 1519 with 600 men,1519 with 600 men, 16 horses, and a few16 horses, and a few canonscanons  Cortes createdCortes created alliances withalliances with conquered nativesconquered natives that did not like thethat did not like the AztecsAztecs
  4. 4. ► Moctezuma’s dilemmaMoctezuma’s dilemma  Leader of the Aztecs,Leader of the Aztecs, he wondered ifhe wondered if Cortes might beCortes might be Quetzalcoatl, theQuetzalcoatl, the god-king who vowedgod-king who vowed to return from theto return from the east.east.  Moctezuma sentMoctezuma sent Cortes gifts of goldCortes gifts of gold and silverand silver
  5. 5. ► Fall of TenochtitlanFall of Tenochtitlan  at first, the Spanish were welcomed in the city, however,at first, the Spanish were welcomed in the city, however, fighting between the two groups eventually led to thefighting between the two groups eventually led to the downfall of the citydownfall of the city
  6. 6. ► Pizarro in PeruPizarro in Peru (arrived in 1532)(arrived in 1532)  He captured theHe captured the leader of the Incasleader of the Incas (Atahulpa) and(Atahulpa) and demanded a ransom.demanded a ransom. When the ransomWhen the ransom was paid, they killedwas paid, they killed him anyway.him anyway.  This allowed them toThis allowed them to capture the wholecapture the whole empireempire
  7. 7. Reasons for VictoryReasons for Victory ► Superior military technologySuperior military technology ► Discontented Indians helped the Spanish defeatDiscontented Indians helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec and Incan empiresthe Aztec and Incan empires ► Disease killed tens of thousands of IndiansDisease killed tens of thousands of Indians ► Many Indians believed that the disasters theyMany Indians believed that the disasters they suffered marked the world’s end. They thoughtsuffered marked the world’s end. They thought the Europeans were gods.the Europeans were gods.

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