Anxiety disorders

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Anxiety disorders

  1. 1. Anxiety Disorders
  2. 2.  Anxiety disorder- psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or mal-adaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety ◦ Generalized anxiety disorder ◦ Panic disorders ◦ Phobias ◦ Obsessive compulsive disorder ◦ Post-traumatic stress disorder
  3. 3.  Generalized Anxiety Disorder- a person is continually tense, fearful, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal ◦ 2/3 are women- worry continually, often jittery and sleep deprived ◦ Usually go hand-in-hand with depression ◦ Could lead to physical symptoms such as ulcers and high blood pressure
  4. 4.  Panic disorders- marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror, chest pain, choking, etc.. ◦ Smokers has at least a double risk of this because nicotine is a stimulant
  5. 5.  Phobias- persistent, irrational fear causes a person to avoid some object, activity or situation ◦ Social phobia- intense fear of being judged by others ◦ Agoraphobia- fear or avoidance of situations in which panic may strike, avoid being outside or in a crowd
  6. 6.  OCD- an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsession) and/or actions (compulsion)  Interferes with everyday living and causes distress
  7. 7. A PET scan of the brain of a person with Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD). High metabolic activity (red) in the frontal lobe areas are involved with directing attention.
  8. 8.  Four or more weeks of the following symptoms constitute post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): ◦ Haunting memories ◦ Nightmares ◦ Social withdrawal ◦ Sleep problems

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