Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Camels

2,592 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Camels

  1. 1. Why did the Camel replace the Wheel?
  2. 4. Evidence One: Characteristics of Camels <ul><li>Camels are indigenous to Arabia and first domesticated in Southern Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>Camels conserve water, they do not store water </li></ul><ul><li>Camels can consume up to 28 gallons of water in a single watering </li></ul><ul><li>Camels can absorb heat up to six degrees F before they begin to perspire </li></ul><ul><li>Camels can be milked, ridden, loaded with baggage, harnessed, exchanged for goods or a wife, exhibited in a zoo, turned into sandals or camel’s hair coats, used in the military </li></ul>
  3. 5. Evidence II: Comparison of Pack Camels and Wheeled Transportation in the First Millennium <ul><li>In Egypt in the 2 nd Century CE, a camel cost twice as much as an ox and four times an ass. </li></ul><ul><li>A Roman ox cart traveled 6-9 miles a day, a pack camel traveled 15-20 miles a day. </li></ul><ul><li>One driver for two oxen, one drive for a string of three to six camels. </li></ul><ul><li>Camel saddle cheaper than ox harness </li></ul>
  4. 6. Evidence III: Roads <ul><li>Carts require roads, camels do not need roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Roman empire, and other empires, maintained roads for transportation, but logically roads did not exist everywhere. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Types of Camels <ul><li>There are two types of camels, both are good tempered and intelligent despite their reputations </li></ul><ul><li>Dromedaries (Arabian, one-hump) </li></ul><ul><li>Bactrian (Asian, two-humped) </li></ul>
  6. 9. The Rise of Trans-Saharan Trade <ul><li>Precipitated by, among other things, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread of Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestication of our friend the camel </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Trans-Sahara Trade <ul><li>Goods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What went with the goods? </li></ul>
  8. 11. Trans-Sahara Trade <ul><li>Trans-Saharan Trade opened the trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul>

×