Germanic,
Hiberno-Saxon,
and Carolingian
ca. 500-900
I. HISTORY
A. The Vandals sacked Rome in 455, and the last Roman emperor died in 475.
In the following centuries (ca. 500-...
b. Transmitted orally and eventually written.
c. Is the first monumental literary composition in a European
vernacular lan...
2. Pursued the dream of restoring the Roman Empire under
Christianity, and crowned "Holy Roman Emperor."
3. Led a rebirth ...
E. Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen , Germany
1. Inspired by San Vitale, Ravenna
2. Attached to palace complex
Purse cover from Sutton Hoo, c. 630. Gold with garnets and cloisonné enamel, length 8 in.
Ardagh Chalice, from Ireland, early 8th century. Silver, gilt, bronze, gold wire, glass, enamel
Carpet Page,
from the Lindisfarne Gospels, c. 700.
Manuscript illumination
Equestrian statuette of Charlemagne,
from Metz, 9th century.
Bronze with traces of gilt. Height 9 ½ in.
The Four Evangelists,
from The Coronation Gospels, c. 805
Utrecht Psalter, featuring
Psalm 150, c. 830. Ink on vellum,
1 ft. 1 in. x 9 7/8 in.
Front cover of the Lindau Gospels,
c. 870. Silver gilt with cloisonné enamel
and precious stones, 13 3/8 x 10 3/8 in.
Odo of Metz, Palatine Chapel of
Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany,
c. 792-805
Beowulf— an Old English epic poem celebrating the
legendary Scandinavian hero Beowulf; the first monumental
literary compo...
Sutton Hoo— the site in Suffolk of a Saxon ship burial of the
seventh century, containing magnificent grave goods includin...
Cloisonné— (French, cloison, “fence”) an enameling
technique produced by pouring molten colored glass between
thin metal s...
Zoomorphic— animal-shaped; having the form of an animal
Gospels— the four New Testament books that relate the life
and teachings of Jesus
Illuminated manuscript— a luxurious handmade book with
painted illustrations and decorations
Four Evangelists— the writers of the four Gospels
(John, Matthew, Luke, Mark)
Psalter— a book containing the Psalms
Medieval— In European history, the era between the Roman
Empire and the Renaissance. Also called the Middle Ages
Germanic— People who consisted of various tribes (Huns,
Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, Vandals, Burgundians, Celts,
Viking...
Hiberno-Saxon—Style of art produced in British Isles postRoman Empire. Also known as insular art. Most of the art
originat...
Carolingian— The Frankish noble family that reigned in
Europe, reached its peak with Charlemagne as emperor. His
death in ...
Feudal— System of legal and military customs in medieval
Europe. The feudal system was a structure for society based
aroun...
Romanesque— “Roman-like,” medieval style of art and
architecture during the 11th to 13th centuries that used Roman
models.
Gothic—Medieval style of art and architecture that followed
the Romanesque style. Also developed architectural
innovations...
14th Century—A dynamic and unstable era of transition
between the past (Gothic) and future (Renaissance), containing
eleme...
Germanic, hiberno saxon and carolingian (student) updated(4)
Germanic, hiberno saxon and carolingian (student) updated(4)
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Germanic, hiberno saxon and carolingian (student) updated(4)

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  • Hiberno-Saxon art – holds wine, used in Eucharist
  • Zoomorphic – close with nature and animalsResembles Islamic artWouldn’t sign it because its dedicated to god and signing It would be a sin of vanity Illustrating what the text would say
  • Charlamagne – tried to revive the roman empire (holy Roman empire) not as successful as Justinian Marcus Aurelius – equestrian
  • Mark – lion Matthew – guy with angel Luke – guy with bull John – guy with eagle Wrote story of Jesus’ lifeDessed in toga – emulate the Romans
  • Made literacy extremely important Made punctuation important Psalter – mini book of psalms
  • Carolignian – cover of gospel Super rare so decorated
  • Germanic, hiberno saxon and carolingian (student) updated(4)

    1. 1. Germanic, Hiberno-Saxon, and Carolingian ca. 500-900
    2. 2. I. HISTORY A. The Vandals sacked Rome in 455, and the last Roman emperor died in 475. In the following centuries (ca. 500-1400), several cultural and artistic styles evolved. The general term for this time is “ medieval." The important styles during the years were: Germanic Hiberno-Saxon, , Carolingian, Feudal(secular), Romanesque, Gothic , and 14th century . B. After the dissolution of the Roman Empire, Western Europe was fragmented, and the population was plunged into violence and illiteracy. During this time society slowly rebuilt itself, resulting in a conglomerate culture inherited from Germanic tribal traditions, de-contextualized Greco-Roman remnants, and Christian iconography, presided over by the church as the only and ultimate authority. This era, once called "the dark ages," eventually resulted in the foundation of modern European nations. II. GERMANIC A. Various Germanic tribes (Huns, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, Vandals Burgundians, Celts, Vikings, Angles, and Saxons) belonged to one language family. They were tribal and warlike, following a migratory existence. B. Germanic Tribal traditions 1. Epic poem of Beowulf a. Exalts personal valor and heroism associated with a warring culture.
    3. 3. b. Transmitted orally and eventually written. c. Is the first monumental literary composition in a European vernacular language (Old English). 2. Purse cover from Sutton Hoo a. From a Viking ship burial b. Medium of cloisonné c. Zoomorphic decoration III. HIBERNO-SAXON A. Religious objects. In 432 Saint Patrick established the first Christian church in Ireland and began the conversion of the Celts. 1. Ardagh Chalice a. Medium of precious metal, gold wire, glass, and enamel b. Used in celebration of the Mass 2. Lindisfarne Gospels, Carpet Page a. Illuminated manuscript b. Christian book wrought in intricate Hiberno-Saxon style c. The monastery of Lindisfarne was established in 635. IV. CAROLINGIAN A. Charlemagne 1. Frankish chief Charles the Great ruled from 768 to 814
    4. 4. 2. Pursued the dream of restoring the Roman Empire under Christianity, and crowned "Holy Roman Emperor." 3. Led a rebirth in literacy, art, and culture, established link with Bagdad, opened trade routes, and encouraged scholarship. B. The Four Evangelists , from The Coronation Gospels 1. Integration of classical culture with Christian subject. 2. "Gospels" is a collection of the four Evangelists' versions of the life of Jesus. 3. Evangelists and their symbols: a. Matthew (angel) b. John (eagle) c. Luke (ox) d. Mark (lion) C. Utrecht Psalter 1. A “ Psalter " is a collection of Biblical Psalms (Songs written by King David). 2. Illustrates the Psalm: "Praise the lord with the sound of the trumpet...with the psalter and harp…with tambourine and dance...with stringed instruments and organs...upon loud cymbals." D. Jeweled cover of the Lindau Gospels 1. Integration of Germanic, Roman, and Byzantine styles.
    5. 5. E. Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen , Germany 1. Inspired by San Vitale, Ravenna 2. Attached to palace complex
    6. 6. Purse cover from Sutton Hoo, c. 630. Gold with garnets and cloisonné enamel, length 8 in.
    7. 7. Ardagh Chalice, from Ireland, early 8th century. Silver, gilt, bronze, gold wire, glass, enamel
    8. 8. Carpet Page, from the Lindisfarne Gospels, c. 700. Manuscript illumination
    9. 9. Equestrian statuette of Charlemagne, from Metz, 9th century. Bronze with traces of gilt. Height 9 ½ in.
    10. 10. The Four Evangelists, from The Coronation Gospels, c. 805
    11. 11. Utrecht Psalter, featuring Psalm 150, c. 830. Ink on vellum, 1 ft. 1 in. x 9 7/8 in.
    12. 12. Front cover of the Lindau Gospels, c. 870. Silver gilt with cloisonné enamel and precious stones, 13 3/8 x 10 3/8 in.
    13. 13. Odo of Metz, Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne, Aachen, Germany, c. 792-805
    14. 14. Beowulf— an Old English epic poem celebrating the legendary Scandinavian hero Beowulf; the first monumental literary composition in a European vernacular language
    15. 15. Sutton Hoo— the site in Suffolk of a Saxon ship burial of the seventh century, containing magnificent grave goods including jewelry and gold coins
    16. 16. Cloisonné— (French, cloison, “fence”) an enameling technique produced by pouring molten colored glass between thin metal strips secured to a metal surface; any object ornamented in this manner
    17. 17. Zoomorphic— animal-shaped; having the form of an animal
    18. 18. Gospels— the four New Testament books that relate the life and teachings of Jesus
    19. 19. Illuminated manuscript— a luxurious handmade book with painted illustrations and decorations
    20. 20. Four Evangelists— the writers of the four Gospels (John, Matthew, Luke, Mark)
    21. 21. Psalter— a book containing the Psalms
    22. 22. Medieval— In European history, the era between the Roman Empire and the Renaissance. Also called the Middle Ages
    23. 23. Germanic— People who consisted of various tribes (Huns, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, Vandals, Burgundians, Celts, Vikings, Angles, and Saxons) and belonged to one language family. They were tribal, warlike, and followed a migratory existence
    24. 24. Hiberno-Saxon—Style of art produced in British Isles postRoman Empire. Also known as insular art. Most of the art originates from Irish monasticism, especially illuminated manuscripts.
    25. 25. Carolingian— The Frankish noble family that reigned in Europe, reached its peak with Charlemagne as emperor. His death in 814 led to fragmentation and decline.
    26. 26. Feudal— System of legal and military customs in medieval Europe. The feudal system was a structure for society based around the exchange of land for service or labor.
    27. 27. Romanesque— “Roman-like,” medieval style of art and architecture during the 11th to 13th centuries that used Roman models.
    28. 28. Gothic—Medieval style of art and architecture that followed the Romanesque style. Also developed architectural innovations such as the flying buttress.
    29. 29. 14th Century—A dynamic and unstable era of transition between the past (Gothic) and future (Renaissance), containing elements of both old and new ideas.

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