Objectives<br />Understanding the concept of stress<br />Understanding its effect on our lives<br />Understanding how to manage the anger<br />Incorporating the anger management strategies in daily professional and social life<br />
BEHAVIOUR:<br />The way observable in which you act, function or change.<br />
ASPECT OF BEHAVIOUR:<br />Biological.<br />Psychological.<br />Social.<br />
Stress:<br />“It is a Process where a stressor (s) demands/tax a person’s career or coping capabilities and causing a negative effect on individual.”<br />
S = P > R<br />Stress occurs when the pressure (stressors) is greater than the resource<br />
Psychosocial And Environmental Problems (EXTERNAL STRESSORS) <br /><ul><li>Problems with primary support group:-e.g., death of a family member; health problem in family; disruption of family by separation, divorce, or estrangement; removal from the home; remarriage of parents; sexual or physical abuse; parental overprotection; neglect of child; inadequate discipline; discord with siblings; birth of a sibling
Educational Problems:- e.g., illiteracy; academic problems; discord with teachers or classmates; inadequate school environment.
Occupational Problems:- e.g., unemployment; treat of job loss; stressful work schedule; difficult work conditions; job dissatisfaction; job change; discord with or co-workers.
Problems with access to health care services:- e.g., inadequate health care services; transportation to health care facilities unavailable; inadequate health insurance.
Problems related to interaction with the legal system/crime:- e.g., arrest; incarceration; litigation; victim of crime.
Other psychosocial and environmental problems:-e.g., exposure to disaster war; other hostilities; discord with non family caregivers such a counselors; social worker, or physician; unavailability; od social service agencies.</li></li></ul><li>INTERNAL STRESSORS<br />Lifestyle choices<br />Negative self - talk<br />Mind traps<br />Personality traits<br />
LIFE EVENT SCALE<br />Holmes and Rahe social readjustment rating scale. Measures stress in <br />terms of life changes: <br />LIFE EVENT VALUE <br />Death of spouse 100<br />Divorce 73<br />Marital separation 65<br />Jail term 63<br />Death of close family member 63<br />Personal injury or illness 53<br />MARRIAGE 50<br />
LIFE EVENT SCALE<br />LIFE EVENT VALUE<br />Fired from job 47<br />Marital reconciliation 45<br />Retirement 45<br />Change in health of family member 44<br />Pregnancy 40<br />Sex difficulties 39<br />Gain of new family member 39<br />Business readjustment 39<br />Change in financial state 38<br />Death of close friends 37 <br />
LIFE EVENT SCALE<br />LIFE EVENT VALUE <br />Change to different line of work 29<br />Son or daughter leaving home. 29<br />Trouble with in laws 29<br />Outstanding personal achievement 28<br />Wife begins or stops work 26<br />Begins or end school conditions 25<br />Revision of personal habits. 24<br />Trouble with boss 23<br />Change in residence 20<br />Chang in recreation 19<br />
LIFE EVENT SCALE<br />LIFE EVENT VALUE<br />Change in social functioning / activities 18<br />Change in sleeping habits. 16<br />Change in eating habits 15<br />Vacation 13<br />Minor legal violations 11<br />
ANGER:<br />It is an automatic response to ill treatment. <br />It is the way a person indicates he or she will not tolerate certain types of behavior.<br /> It is a feedback mechanism in which an unpleasant stimulus is met with an unpleasant response.<br />
Any one can become angry--- that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way--- that is not easy.”--------- Aristotle<br />
EXERCISE:<br />INDIVIDUAL RESPONSE TO ANGER <br />
This is something that you can do for yourself by following these steps:<br />Sit quietly and comfortably on a chair, with your eyes closed.<br />Inhale your breath through your nose, hold it for about 8 sec, exhale it through mouth.<br />Concentrate on your breath. <br />Take 10 deep breaths.<br />Deep Breathing<br />
RELAXATION TECHNIQUES<br />Progressive Muscular Relaxation<br />It involves systematically tensing and then relaxing different groups of skeletal muscles,<br /><ul><li>Sit quietly and comfortably with eyes closed, tense the muscle progressively in following order, inhale breath and hold it for 8sec and exhale and relax the muscle.</li></li></ul><li>Progressive Muscular Relaxation Contd…<br /><ul><li>Right foot, Right lower leg and foot, Entire leg (follow the same sequence with left leg)
Right hand, Right forearm and hand, Entire right arm (follow the same sequence with left arm)
Face</li></li></ul><li>MANAGING ANGER<br />Step 1: Use Anger Management techniques to interrupt the anger <br /> cycle<br /> Pause <br /> Take deep breaths <br /> Tell your self you can handle the situation <br /> Stop the negative thoughts<br /> Step 2: Listen <br /> <br /> Step 3: Forgive <br /> Step 4: Acknowledge that you have a problem managing anger<br />Step 5: Use your support network<br /> Step 6: Maintain a “Hostility Log”<br />
POSITIVE THINKING <br />Positive Thinking is a simple tool that helps you to change your negative way of thinking.<br />Rational Thinking is the technique that helps you to challenge these negative thoughts and either learn from them or refute them as incorrect<br />Positive thinking is then used to create positive thoughts that you can use to counter negative thoughts. <br />These thoughts neutralize negative thoughts and build your self-confidence. It is also used to find the opportunities that are almost always present to some degree in a difficult situation<br />
SUMMARY<br />Make sure that enough sleep is taken<br />Exercise <br />Relaxation techniques <br />Proper diet <br />Breathing techniques (proper breathing)<br />Engage in positive self talk<br />Involvement in pleasurable activities <br />Anxiety diary<br />Consulting a mental health professional in case of increase in stress despite all measures<br />