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Calcium 3


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Calcium 3

  4. 4. Calcium <ul><li>Calcium is a mineral that primarily functions in your body by making your bones and teeth hard (99%). </li></ul><ul><li>The rest (1%) is in your blood and soft tissues, it helps; </li></ul><ul><li>your muscles to contract </li></ul><ul><li>your blood to clot and </li></ul><ul><li>helps your nervous system work properly. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Dissolution <ul><li>Calcium is dissolved in water with difficulty and in small amounts. </li></ul><ul><li>It is dissolved with acids comparatively easily but again in small quantities . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sources of Calcium <ul><li>Dolomites are the most beautiful mountain ranges in Europe (Italy) which are the combinations of Calcium/Magnesium carbonates. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition * Limestone * Chalk* Marble </li></ul><ul><li>Food: </li></ul><ul><li>Milk products (Cheese) </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables (Broccoli, Cabbage) </li></ul><ul><li>Sardines (Fish) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Main functions of calcium <ul><li>Although it performs wide range of different functions in the human body but we can count on two major principal effects. </li></ul><ul><li>Structuring : Most of the Calcium is utilized in structuring the human skeleton along with collagenous fibers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many cellular activities are controlled by Calcium like enzymatic reactions and hormone-receptor reactions . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Different body functions of Ca <ul><li>Conception of the female (sperm movement) and fertilization of the ovum(calcium vibration) </li></ul><ul><li>0-6 and 6-18 years is the peak time for young adults for bone development decide their energy to work, study & physiological health. </li></ul><ul><li>The movement of skeletal muscles is in the presence of Calcium ion. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Different body functions of Ca <ul><li>Diabetics (60 % suffer from Osteoporosis) Ca metabolism is reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>Neurotransmission (Nervous system). </li></ul><ul><li>Immune System. </li></ul><ul><li>Heart functioning (Rhythm of Heart). </li></ul><ul><li>Arteriosclerosis (Primary reason of Hypertension, CHD & CVD ). </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive System (GIT). Ulcers etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changes in the Calcium balance <ul><li>Standard range of serum Calcium is 8.5-10.6 mg/dl. </li></ul><ul><li>Calcium deficiency in the blood is controlled by parathyroid hormone. </li></ul><ul><li>Various factors such as age, sex, nutritional condition, illness and prescribed medication affect the Calcium metabolism and therefore Calcium balance. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Age factor <ul><li>Calcium deficiency increases with age. </li></ul><ul><li>With the advance age, parathyroid hormone level increases as a result further deficiency occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Vitamin D hormone deficiency along with reduced kidney metabolic process results in a poor utilization of dietary Calcium and reduction in bone assimilation rate. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pregnancy <ul><li>Deficiency of Ca due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Fetus Ca requirement increases greatly from 3 rd month. </li></ul><ul><li>Ca quantity in the blood increases. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result: </li></ul><ul><li>Hypertension of pregnancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Birthing Difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>Loosening of teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Malformed babies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lactating Mother <ul><li>Due to breast feeding lot of Ca is supplied to the baby. </li></ul><ul><li>If not nourished with Ca in required amount: </li></ul><ul><li>Suffer from aging. </li></ul><ul><li>Low immunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrine imbalance. </li></ul><ul><li>Baby’s health endangered. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Menopause <ul><li>Reasons of reduction in Calcium reserves in post menopause are still not known. </li></ul><ul><li>But hormonal changes in menopause result in severe decline in Calcium reserves and as a result high quantity of Calcium is required to compensate the losses. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Medication <ul><li>Calcium metabolisation is affected by some drugs by change in the absorption and excretion. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Isoniazid (INH) Thyroid Hormone Medications Antacid Preparations Glucocorticoids Anti Convulsants Tetracycline Antibiotics “ Loop” Diuretics Increased Excretion Decreased Absorption Drugs
  17. 17. Diet <ul><li>Diet with high sodium and animal protein increases the renal loss of Calcium. </li></ul><ul><li>Diet with high phosphate and fiber decrease the absorption of Calcium from the gut. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Optimal Calcium Intake 800-1200 mg. 800 mg. Children (under 11) 1200-1500 mg. N/A Young adults (11-24) 1200 mg. 1200 mg. Pregnant & nursing women 1500 mg. N/A Adults over 65 1000 mg. 800 mg. Adults N.I.H(USA) RDA
  19. 19. Reference nutrient intakes for calcium, mg/day. 1250 mg Breast feeding women 550 mg 7 to 10 years 700 mg 19 + years 450 mg 4 to 6 years 800 mg 11 to 18 years, female 350 mg 1 to 3 years 1000 mg 11 to 18 years, male 525 mg 0 to 12 months RNI Age RNI Age
  20. 20. Comparison of TIENS Calcium Most safe due to high absorption. May develop kidney stones. Safety Balanced with phosphorus, MV & Trace elements Not balance Formulation > 95 % 20-30 % Absorption Vertebral column of Mongolian cows. (Natural, bio product). Calcium Carbonate Source TIENS Calcium Other Calcium Attributes
  21. 21. Calcium Comparison Cont. No precautions at all. <ul><li>Not suited to elderly &children with hyperacidity. </li></ul><ul><li>Not recommended for prolong use. </li></ul>Precaution Available for Adults, Children, Diabetics etc. No special variety. Formulation Variety TIENS Calcium Other Calcium Attributes
  23. 23. Thanks