Shengjie tang desma9_midterm


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Shengjie tang desma9_midterm

  1. 1. DESMA 9 Art + Science + Technology Fall 2013 Professor Victoria Vesna Section 1B Autonomous Transporter: The way of the Future Shengjie Tang
  2. 2. ABSTRACT The autonomous transporter, which is a completely computer-programed robot, can replace human resources to operate more efficiently in simple industrial tasks. Through the application of both mechanical and electrical engineering, autonomous transporters can precisely transport one object to an assigned location and complete easy assembly jobs in production line. The initial intent of this proposed design is to demonstrate how autonomous transporter can be made and used. However, the ultimate objective of the proposal is to express the way of the future and show people that robotics is becoming more and more practical.
  3. 3. CONCEPT / TOPIC I came up with the idea about massively manufacturing autonomous transporters to replace human resources in doing simple industrial tasks from my mechanical engineering senior capstone design, which requires us to make a small autonomous transporter to perform a delivery task of four 6-lbs lead disks. Inspired by the success from that project, I start to have strong belief that large scale of autonomous transporters can also be achieved and will be widely accepted in industrial areas. The use of autonomous robots will save human resources for other more sophisticated work. In addition to that, computer-programed robots will be more efficient and cheaper than humans in operating simple tasks.
  4. 4. CONTEXT & PRECEDENTS Fully autonomous robots started appear in second half of 20th century, and had developed for only 40 years. The first digitally operated and programmable robot, the Unimate, was installed in 1961 to lift hot metal pieces from die casting machines. After that, robots became widely used in manufacturing, assembly, packing, transport, surgery, laboratory research, and mass production of industrial and consumer goods.
  5. 5. PROJECT PROPOSAL Ultimate Version Preliminary Design
  6. 6. Project Proposal (cont.) desi The ultimate version of autonomous transporter’s operating principle will be exactly the same as the preliminary design, which I designed for my mechanical engineering class. In the preliminary design, the transporter’s navigation system is controlled by three ultrasonic sensors, two on the sides and one on the front. The ultrasonic sensors can radiate a sound wave and time based on the reflected wave to detect obstacles in the front and along the sides. Then, if there is any obstacle, the program of the transporter will respond to that by making turns or backing up.
  7. 7. Project Proposal (cont.) The picture on the left is the motor driver chip used for the cruise control of transporter. It is like the CPU of a computer. Based on the reflected signal from sensor, the motor driver will differentiate the speed of left and right wheels to make right or left turn. Due to the complexity of industrial jobs, the ultimate version of autonomous transporter will have more sensors assembled with a more precise cruise control chip to increase the accuracy and improve its performance.
  8. 8. Conclusion The invention of autonomous transporters and its wide use is expected to happen within a short time in the future because this proposed design is relatively simple and quite achievable with the modern technology. However, the significance of wide spread of the future robotics technology is considerable. By the time which all industries’ production lines start to utilize the autonomous robots to operate simple jobs, human beings will begin to have the third scientific revolution, which robots will gradually take over easy jobs from human resources such as cleaning streets, package delivery, etc and serve better for our society.
  9. 9. References 1. Japanʼs early robot and robotic industry, visited 11/2/2013"" " 2. Technology displacing Human workers"" " 3. UCLA Mechanical Engineering 162E Capstone Project 2013, Group 16, 11/2/2013" " 4. Lawrence J. Kamm. “Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering: An Introduction to Mechatronics” " 5. "Robotic fish powered by Gumstix PC and PIC". Human Centred Robotics Group at Essex University. " "
  10. 10. Bibliography / Links 1. Bradley, Dawson et al., Mechatronics, Electronics in products and processes, Chapman and Hall Verlag, London, 1991. 2. Cetinkunt, Sabri, Mechatronics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2007 ISBN 9780471479871 3. Karnopp, Dean C., Donald L. Margolis, Ronald C. Rosenberg, System Dynamics: Modeling and Simulation of Mechatronic Systems, 4th Edition, Wiley, 2006. ISBN 0-471-70965-4 Bestselling system dynamics book using bond graph approach. 4. Rosheim, Mark E. (1994). Robot Evolution: The Development of Anthrobotics. Wiley-IEEE. pp. 9– 10.ISBN 0-471-02622-0 5. Sandhana, Lakshmi (2002-09-05).A Theory of Evolution, for Robots. Wired Magazine. 6. Toy, Tommy (June 29, 2011). "Outlook for robotics and Automation for 2011 and beyond are excellent says expert” 7. Allcock, Andrew (2006-09)."Anthropomorphic hand is almost human". Machinery 8. Rise of the Robots--The Future of Artificial Intelligence 9. visited 11/2/2013 10. Future Robotics - The Human Algorithm 11. Baxter 12. . Jaulin, L.; Le Bars, F. (2012). “An interval approach for stability analysis; Application to sailboat robotics” 13. . "History of Industrial Robots” visited 11/2/2013 14. JPL Robotics: System: Commercial Rovers 15. "What is a robotic end-effector?". ATI Industrial Automation. 2007 visited 11/2/2013 16.IEEE Spectrum, visited 11/2/2013 17., visited 11/2/2013 18. visited 11/2/2013 19. "Simulation in robotics". Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 79 (4): 879–897. 20. M.L. Walters, D.S. Syrdal, K.L. Koay, K. Dautenhahn, R. te Boekhorst, (2008). Human approach distances to a mechanical-looking robot with different robot voice styles. In: