Fetac shellfish nov 2011 day 1 morning presentation

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Fetac shellfish nov 2011 day 1 morning presentation

  1. 1. AQUACULTURE Shellfish Ongrowing Fetac Level 5 Fergal Guilfoyle
  2. 2. Today <ul><li>Whats it all about? </li></ul><ul><li>FETAC </li></ul><ul><li>Me </li></ul><ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Learners handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Your responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>What you want from course </li></ul><ul><li>Timetable </li></ul>
  3. 3. Whats it all about? <ul><li>Level 5 FETAC course in Shellfish Ongrowing </li></ul><ul><li>Support documentsC20187_AwardSpecifications_English.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Photos bim aquaculture leaflet.pdf </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who am I? <ul><li>Marine Biologist </li></ul><ul><li>Live in Newport </li></ul><ul><li>Worked for BIM and MI </li></ul><ul><li>Oyster Farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Stop me and ask questions at any stage </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who are you? <ul><li>What do you know about aquaculture? </li></ul><ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Where are you from? </li></ul><ul><li>Favourite sport/pasttime and team? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you want to get out of the course? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Your responsibilities <ul><li>Learners handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual support </li></ul><ul><li>No such thing as a bad question </li></ul><ul><li>Any problems – Me </li></ul><ul><li>-- Mairtin </li></ul><ul><li>-- Rosario </li></ul>
  7. 7. Introduction to course <ul><li>55 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Class room 5 hours ?????? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10-12.30 and 1.30 – 4 (5 hours) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Field work – Tiernaur 10-5 (6 hours) </li></ul><ul><li>Main Aim: To give you the theoretical knowledge and hands-on experience to carry out all the necessary jobs on an oyster farm </li></ul>
  8. 8. Provisional Timetable <ul><li>Wed 23 rd November Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Tues 29 th November?? Farm? </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 7 th December Class </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 14 th December Farm </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 21 st December Class </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 4 th January Class </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 11 th January Farm </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 18 th January Class </li></ul><ul><li>Wed 25 th January Tour (TBC) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Provisional Timetable <ul><li>Day 1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Day 2 Intro to farm work </li></ul><ul><li>Day 3 General equipment and biology </li></ul><ul><li>Day 4 Work practices </li></ul><ul><li>Day 5 Licenses, tides, planning </li></ul><ul><li>Day 6 Business of oyster farming </li></ul><ul><li>Day 7 Grading and packing </li></ul><ul><li>Day 8 Mussels, scallops, urchins </li></ul><ul><li>Day 9 Farm trip to mussel farm??(TBC) </li></ul><ul><li>Day 10 Tour of recirc and hatchery (TBC) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Day One <ul><li>General overview of aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>What is aquaculture? </li></ul><ul><li>Where do we carry out aquaculture? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we grow? </li></ul><ul><li>When did it start? </li></ul><ul><li>How much do we grow? </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is aquaculture? <ul><li>Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Growing plants and animals that live in the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Mariculture refers to aquaculture practised in marine environments. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples <ul><li>Can you give me examples of animals or plants that are farmed in water. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aquaculture in Mayo <ul><li>Mayo is a coastal county </li></ul><ul><li>Long coastline with many sheltered bays </li></ul><ul><li>Clean water coming straight in from Atlantic Ocean (next stop America) </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively warm (esp in Winter) </li></ul><ul><li>Little industry to pollute </li></ul><ul><li>Active and established aquaculture industry </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aquaculture in Clew Bay <ul><li>Salmon </li></ul><ul><li>Oysters </li></ul><ul><li>Mussels </li></ul><ul><li>Scallops </li></ul><ul><li>Abalone </li></ul><ul><li>Urchins </li></ul><ul><li>Lobster </li></ul>
  15. 15. Salmon Farm <ul><li>Clare Island and Seastream </li></ul>
  16. 16. Salmon Farm 2
  17. 17. Salmon Farm 3
  18. 18. Clare Is 1
  19. 19. Clare Is 2
  20. 20. Clare Is 3
  21. 21. Tiernaur Oysters 1
  22. 22. Tiernaur Oysters 2
  23. 23. Tiernaur Oysters 3
  24. 24. Oysters 4
  25. 25. Clew Bay Mussels 1
  26. 26. Clew Bay Mussels 2
  27. 27. Clew Bay Mussels 3
  28. 28. Clew Bay Mussels 4
  29. 29. Clew Bay Mussels 5
  30. 30. Clew Bay other species
  31. 31. When? <ul><li>The history of aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>The indigenous  Gunditjmara  people in  Victoria ,  Australia  may have raised eels as early as 6000 BC.  </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture was operating in  China  circa 2500 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans  bred fish in ponds. </li></ul>
  32. 32. When? <ul><li>History in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>1800 native oysters were food for the big house and were cultured </li></ul><ul><li>1970s Ireland trailed aquaculture and since then it has grown. </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and coastal employment </li></ul>
  33. 33. Ireland production
  34. 34. Why? <ul><li>Why do we grow things in the sea? </li></ul><ul><li>Why not just catch them? </li></ul>
  35. 35. Why? <ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh </li></ul><ul><li>Convert unwanted fish into highly sought after product </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the fish (ranching) </li></ul><ul><li>Protect habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Boost wild stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Take pressure off wild stocks </li></ul><ul><li>Make money </li></ul>
  36. 36. Aquaculture in Ireland <ul><li>Other species grown in Ireland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshwater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arctic Charr </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trout </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barramundi </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Aquaculture Ireland <ul><li>Other species grown in Ireland - Marine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seahorses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seaweed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Algae - Biofuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Oysters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cod </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bottom Mussels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clams </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Irish Production <ul><li>50,000t per annum </li></ul><ul><li>>€100 million (€100,000,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Shellfish and Finfish </li></ul><ul><li>2000 people directly employed </li></ul><ul><li>At least another 2000 indirectly employed </li></ul>
  39. 39. Where?
  40. 40. Where?
  41. 41. Where?
  42. 42. Irish Production
  43. 43. Shellfish types and volumes
  44. 44. Irish Production
  45. 45. Who is who? <ul><li>BIM (An Bord Iascaigh Mhara) </li></ul><ul><li>Marine Institute </li></ul><ul><li>SFPA </li></ul><ul><li>FSAI </li></ul><ul><li>Dept of Environment </li></ul><ul><li>ISA </li></ul>
  46. 46. Global Production <ul><li>140 million tonnes wild and cultured </li></ul><ul><li>40 million tonnes cultured </li></ul><ul><li>$86 Billion ($86,000,000,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Growing at 8% per year </li></ul>

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