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Personality theory-vivek shekhar gaur

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Cattell's Theory And Big Five Theory Overview.

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Personality theory-vivek shekhar gaur

  1. 1. Personality Theory 1. R.B. Cattell’s Theory 2. Big Five Model By- Vivek Shekhar Gaur, U.P. India. E: shekharvivek@ymail.com
  2. 2. PERSONALITY THEORIES PSYCHOMETRIC THEORY PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY 1. Charles Spearman Theory 1. Sigmund Freud’s Theory 2. Thurstone Theory 2. Alfred Adler’s Theory 3. Joy P. Guilford theory 3. Erik Erikson Theory 4. Eysenck’s Gigantic Three Theory 4. Carl Jung and MBTI 5. R.B. Cattell’s Theory 5. Transactional Analysis 6. Big Five Factor Model
  3. 3. R.B. CATTELL THEORY • Cattell theory was proposed by Raymond Bernard Cattell in `1940s • It was published in 1949. • The theory called as 16PF where PF stand for ‘personality factor’. • (The theory is based on lexical hypothesis. • First lexical study –Gordon Allport and H.S. Odbert.1936 • They found 17953 worlds of psychological aspect.) • They again reduce it to 4500 • Cattell obtained 180 then 42-46 and at last 16 word to describe personality.
  4. 4. Table : Factors in Cattel 16PF No. FACTOR TRAITS VERSUS • 1 factor A warmth (reserved ) • 2 factor B reasoning (concrete vs abstract) • 3 factor C emotional (reactive) • 4 factor E dominance (deferential) • 5 factor F liveliness (serious) • 6 factor G rule-consciousness (expedient) • 7 factor H social boldness ( shy) • 8 factor I SENSITIVITY (UTILITARIAN) • 9 factor L vigilance ( trusting) • 10 factor M abstractedness (practical; grounded) • 11. factor N privateness (forthright) • 12 factor O apprehension ( self assured) • 13 factor Q1 openness to change (traditional) • 14. factor Q2 self-reliance (group oriented) • 15 factor Q3 perfectionism (tolerates) • 16 factor Q4 tension ( relaxed)
  5. 5. BIG FIVE MODEL • This model is proposed by Mr. Paul Sinclair.1992 • Psychologist and psychometrics. • Also based and developed from lexical hypothesis • After Cattell’s initial work NORMAN take out 1431 descriptors mold down to 75 adjectives. • It was believed that big five model is univerasal
  6. 6. FIVE FACTOR TAXONOMY According to big five model there are five major personality traits. 1. Neuroticism. 2. Extraversion. 3. Openness to Experience. 4. Agreeableness. 5. Conscientiousness.
  7. 7. HIGH AVERAGE LOW 1.Extroversion Extrovert, outgoing, active , high spirit Moderate in activity and enthusiasm Introvert ,reserved , serious. 2.AGREEABLENESS Compassionate, good natured, avoid conflict. Trusting , warmth, some time competitive Hard headed, proud, anger directly 3.CONSCIENTIOUSNESS Conscientiousness, and well organised , high standard, goal oriented Dependable, moderate Easy going, careless, don’t make plan 4.NEUROTICISM Sensitive, emotional, prone to negative feeling 5.OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE Imaginative, broad interest Calm and able to deal with stress , but feel anger ,guilt etc Practical, balance b/w new and old Secure , hard, relaxed under stressful condition Down to earth, practical, set in their own ways
  8. 8. Criticism of Big Five Model • Limited scope • Religious, honesty, self awareness, critical judgment. • Methodological issues • Theoretical research  Jack black in jan-2010 criticised it as: 1. Cloudy measurement 2. Inappropriate for studying early childhood 3. Existence of various unrecognized but successful effort to specify aspect of character not subsumed by 5factor.
  9. 9. Thank You!

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