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Local Knowledge and Professional Education


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A lecture given at the University of Batangas, Batangas City, Philippines

Published in: Education

Local Knowledge and Professional Education

  1. 1. Implications to Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century University of Batangas Sheila Lo Dingcong Local Knowledge & Professional Education
  2. 2. A complex set of knowledge systems rooted in the context of a community within a defined territory, collectively owned and shared by the people, and identifies with their way of life. Local Knowledge?
  3. 3. It provides an understanding of the experiences of the people rooted from a common history that generates similar worldviews and appreciation of their immediate, extended and external environments. Local Knowledge?
  4. 4. It is dynamic, evolving, non-discriminatory, and inclusive of the adaptive capacities of people to embrace change including its recognition of the psycho-social function of popular culture of the masses in society.
  5. 5. Early Theorists Jean Piaget 1896-1980 Children construct an understanding of the world around them, then experience discrepancies between what they already know and what they discover in their environment. Lev Vygotsky 1896-1934 the role of education is to give children experiences that are within their zones of proximal development, thereby encouraging and advancing their individual learning.
  6. 6. "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 86).
  7. 7. Components of a Knowledge System Body of data and information (What people know) Existence of practice, i.e. technology (What people do) Theoretical framework (Why people do what they do and know) * The theoretical framework is critical because it furnishes knowledge about why the practice/technology works, and thus makes sense of the body of information. Knowledge Systems as Social Constructions Borrowed from the presentation of Dennis Coronel (Ateneo de Davao University)
  8. 8. 1. Knowledge systems are intentional. * They are not randomly selected * They are crafted with a purpose 2. Knowledge systems are functional. * They effect something * They bring about an outcome Operational Analysis of Knowledge Systems Borrowed from the presentation of Dennis Coronel (Ateneo de Davao University)
  9. 9. 3. Knowledge systems are never neutral. * They are shaped by the goals of those who constituted it. 4. Knowledge systems are navigated. * Knowledge systems are transitory (because they are constantly navigated) but are also subjected to fixations (and thus may become remote and irrelevant over time though may still functional) Operational Analysis of Knowledge Systems Borrowed from the presentation of Dennis Coronel (Ateneo de Davao University)
  10. 10. Borrowed from the presentation of Dennis Coronel (Ateneo de Davao University)
  13. 13. Local knowledge is a human capital -- the main asset that we invest in our struggle for survival to produce food, provide for shelter, find joy and meaning or achieve mastery of our own lives. The basic essential component of any country’s knowledge system is its local knowledge. WHY IS LOCAL KNOWLEDGE IMPORTANT?
  14. 14. A country’s ability to build and mobilize knowledge capital is as essential to sustainable development as the availability of physical and financial capital. Identity. Globalization brings a homogenization of cultures and the more dominant ones tend to blur the uniqueness and inherent character of peoples. WHY IS LOCAL KNOWLEDGE IMPORTANT?
  15. 15. Today, many local knowledge systems are at risk of becoming extinct. This is because globally natural environments are rapidly changing, and there are fast-paced economic, political, and cultural changes. Given the highly complex nature of social problems today, it is important to see local knowledge as one component within a more complex innovation system WHY IS LOCAL KNOWLEDGE IMPORTANT?
  16. 16. So why local knowledge?
  17. 17. Stemming from a contextual and cultural framework of knowledge, LK education is viewed in a holistic approach that covers the intellectual, spiritual, humane, social and physical development of students. Local knowledge provides students with relevant perspectives in knowing, understanding, and actualizing education. Local Knowledge in Whole Person Education
  18. 18. In the midst of a globalized world and people's interconnectedness through virtual reality, local knowledge enables students to analyze and distinguish problems, create and perform solutions, and evaluate and decide what steps to take based on their own situated circumstances. Integrating LK in Teaching and Learning
  19. 19. Learners at the Center
  20. 20. The Learning Pyramid
  21. 21. Differentiated Learning
  22. 22. Perspectives are based on where we stand….
  23. 23. Local Knowledge in the 21st Century – a proposed new general education elective of AUDRN. Composed of 7 modules 1. Introduction 2. The Basics of Local Knowledge 3. The Learners and Learning 4. Philippine Local Knowledge 5. Understanding the World in School 6. LK Research and Community Service 7. Technology, Online Communities, and Globalization Latest News!
  24. 24. Facilitating Learning for Digital Natives University of Batangas Sheila Lo Dingcong Local Knowledge & Educational Digital Technology
  25. 25. What is a Machine?
  26. 26. 21st Century Education The Changing Landscape of Education
  27. 27. Who is the 21st Century Learner? communicates in multiple ways learns through a process discovery and mastery independent learners comes to class with prior knowledge
  28. 28. The Internet
  29. 29. How do we spend our time?
  30. 30. Social Media
  31. 31. Some facts…..
  32. 32. What’s on your mind?
  33. 33. The Philippines ranks highest in share of time spent on social networking properties across the world. Thus, it is the most social media-addicted market globally.
  34. 34. Learning is SOCIAL! “Media is a technological extension of the body” (McLuhan, 2011) and the need for the computer and the internet has become a necessary tool for people to actively engage in life. It has likewise become a platform for personal and collective expression, collaboration, and sharing. (Baybay, Brillantes, Dingcong, 2012)
  35. 35. Connectivism George Siemens advances a theory of learning that is consistent with the needs of the 21st century. His theory takes into account trends in learning, the use of technology and networks, and the diminishing half-life of knowledge.
  36. 36. Did you know shift happens? Who is the 21st Century Teacher?
  37. 37. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn. - Alvin Toffler -
  38. 38. • Rule 1. Remember the human. • Rule 2: Adhere to the same standards of behavior online that you follow in real life. • Rule 3: Know where you are in cyberspace. • Rule 4: Respect other people's time and bandwidth • Rule 5: Make yourself look good online Netiquette by Virginia Shea
  39. 39. • Rule 6: Share expert knowledge • Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control • Rule 8: Respect other people's privacy • Rule 9: Don't abuse your power • Rule 10: Be forgiving of other people's mistakes Now go and be good cyber citizens! Netiquette by Virginia Shea
  40. 40. "Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire." -William Butler Yeats