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Ch3 analyzing-the-marketing

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Ch3 analyzing-the-marketing

  1. 1. Chapter 3- slide 1 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment
  2. 2. Chapter 3- slide 2 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Demography is the study of human populations in terms of size, density, location, age, gender, race, occupation, and other statistics • Demographic environment is important because it involves people, and people make up markets • Demographic trends include age, family structure, geographic population shifts, educational characteristics, and population diversity Demographic Environment
  3. 3. Chapter 3- slide 3 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Changing age structure of the population _ The post world war II baby boom produced 78 million – Baby boomers include people born between 1946 and 1964 – Most affluent Americans – The baby boomers have been one of the Most powerful forces shaping the marketing Environment Demographic Environment
  4. 4. Chapter 3- slide 4 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Generation X includes people born between 1965 and 1976 – High parental divorce rates – Cautious economic outlook as they grown up during time of recession & corporate downsizing Demographic Environment
  5. 5. Chapter 3- slide 5 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment – Less materialistic “ they prize experience not acquisition “ – Family comes first, career second – Lag behind on retirement savings Demographic Environment
  6. 6. Chapter 3- slide 6 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Millennials (gen Y or echo boomers) include those born between 1977 and 2000 – Comfortable with technology – Includes • Tweens (ages 8–12) • Teens (13–19) • Young adults (20’s) Demographic Environment
  7. 7. Chapter 3- slide 7 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Generational marketing is important in segmenting people by lifestyle of life state instead of age. some experts warn marketers to be careful about turning off one generation each time they craft a product or message that appeals effectively to another Demographic Environment
  8. 8. Chapter 3- slide 8 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment More people are: • Divorcing or separating • Choosing not to marry • Choosing to marry later • Marrying without intending to have children • Increased number of working women • Stay-at-home dads Demographic Environment
  9. 9. Chapter 3- slide 9 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Growth in U.S. West and South and decline in Midwest and Northeast • Moving from rural to metropolitan areas • Changes in where people work – Telecommuting “ work at home or in a remote office to conduct the business by phone, fax or internet” – Home office – Divorcing or separating Demographic Environment
  10. 10. Chapter 3- slide 10 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Changes in the Workforce – More educated, the increased number of educated people will increase the demand for quality products, books , magazines, and personal computers – More white collar Demographic Environment
  11. 11. Chapter 3- slide 11 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Demographic Environment Increased Diversity Markets are becoming more diverse – International – National • Includes: – Ethnicity – Gay and lesbian – Disabled
  12. 12. Chapter 3- slide 12 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Economic environment consists of factors that affect consumer purchasing power and spending patterns • Nations vary greatly in their levels and distribution of income, some countries have the industrial economies which constitute rich markets for many different kinds of goods Economic Environment
  13. 13. Chapter 3- slide 13 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Subsistence economies consume most of their own agriculture and industrial output and offer few market opportunities • In between are developing economies which can offer outstanding marketing opportunities for the right kinds of products Economic Environment
  14. 14. Chapter 3- slide 14 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Changes in income • Value marketing involves ways to offer financially cautious buyers greater value—the right combination of quality and service at a fair price Economic Environment
  15. 15. Chapter 3- slide 15 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Ernst Engel—Engel’s Law Differences noted over a century ago by Ernst Engel in how people shift their spending across food, housing, transportation, health care, and other goods and services categories as family income rises Economic Environment Changes in Consumer Spending Patterns
  16. 16. Chapter 3- slide 16 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • As income rises: – The percentage spent on food declines – The percentage spent on housing remains constant – The percentage spent on savings increases Economic Environment Changes in Consumer Spending Patterns
  17. 17. Chapter 3- slide 17 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Natural environment involves the natural resources that are needed as inputs by marketers or that are affected by marketing activities • Trends – Shortages of raw materials – Increased pollution – Increase government intervention – Environmentally sustainable strategies Natural Environment
  18. 18. Chapter 3- slide 18 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Environmental sustainability: Developing strategies and practices that create a world economy that the planet can support indefinitely, they are responding to consumer demands with more environmentally responsible products. Natural Environment
  19. 19. Chapter 3- slide 19 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Forces that create new technologies, creating new products and market opportunities Technological Environment
  20. 20. Chapter 3- slide 20 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Technological Environment • Most dramatic force in changing the marketplace • Creates new products and opportunities • Safety of new product always a concern
  21. 21. Chapter 3- slide 21 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Political environment consists of laws, government agencies, and pressure groups that influence or limit various organizations and individuals in a given society Political Environment
  22. 22. Chapter 3- slide 22 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Legislation regulating business – Increased legislation Business legislation has been enacted for two reasons: 1.To protect companies from each other 2.To protect consumers from unfair business practices such as telling lies in the advertisement Political Environment
  23. 23. Chapter 3- slide 23 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment _ Changing government agency enforcement * International marketers will encounter dozens, or even hundreds of agencies set up to enforce trade policies and regulations. * Marketers need to know about major laws protecting competition, consumers and society. They need to understand these laws at local, national and international levels Political Environment
  24. 24. Chapter 3- slide 24 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • Increased emphasis on ethics – Socially responsible behavior” companies encourage their managers to look beyond the regulatory system allows and simply “ do the right things “ these socially responsible firms seek out ways to protect the long run interests of their consumers and the environment” Political Environment
  25. 25. Chapter 3- slide 25 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment – Cause-related marketing: • To exercise the social responsibility and build more positive images, many companies are now linking themselves to worthwhile causes. These days, every product seems to be tied to some cause. • This concept link the purchases of the company products and services with fundraising for worthwhile causes or charitable organizations. • But this concept can be a more strategy for selling than a strategy for giving Political Environment
  26. 26. Chapter 3- slide 26 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Cultural environment consists of institutions and other forces that affect a society’s basic values, perceptions, and behaviors Cultural Environment
  27. 27. Chapter 3- slide 27 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment Core beliefs and values are persistent and are passed on from parents to children and are reinforced by schools, churches, businesses, and government Secondary beliefs and values are more open to change and include people’s views of themselves, others, organization, society, nature, and the universe Cultural Environment Persistence of Cultural Values
  28. 28. Chapter 3- slide 28 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • People’s view of themselves – Yankelovich Monitor’s consumer segments: • Do-it-yourselfers—recent movers “ embodying the whole do-it-yourself attitude” • Adventurers “ They like to view themselves as doing things others wouldn’t dare to do” Cultural Environment Shifts in Secondary Cultural Values
  29. 29. Chapter 3- slide 29 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • People’s view of others – More “cocooning” : in which people are going out less with others and are staying home more to enjoy the creature comforts of home and hearth – from the networked home office to home entertainment centers. Cultural Environment Shifts in Secondary Cultural Values
  30. 30. Chapter 3- slide 30 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall The Company’s Macroenvironment • People’s view of organizations “people vary in their attitudes towards corporations, government agencies , universities and trade unions” • People’s view of society – Patriots defend it – Reformers want to change it – Malcontents want to leave it Cultural Environment Shifts in Secondary Cultural Values

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