West indies

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This ppt is designed for 5th grade study of colonization of the West Indies. It covers the production of rum, the importing of slaves, the triangle trade routes.

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West indies

  1. 1. The West Indies
  2. 2. Guiding Questions Which mother countries were involved in the West Indies? What natural resources were they after? What major product was made there? Who did all the work? How were the West Indies economically connected to other colonies?
  3. 3. Spanish Search for Gold Spain arrives looking for gold They enslaved the natives and forced them to look for gold for them. Severely punished if they didn’t find any! Spain was dissatisfied with the little gold they found. So they decided to look further south in the Incan Empire (Peru) and to the north (in the American southwest).
  4. 4. Spanish Fort
  5. 5. The French Sugar Farms First settlement in St. Kitts in 1623 Imported slaves to work on the sugar farms The French were constantly squabbling with the English over territory rights However, the French got distracted by the French Revolution and did not have the strength to hold on to them.
  6. 6. The English Settled in the West Indies by accident. They were supposed to land in the Virginia colony, but a storm blew them south and they landed in Bermuda! Arrived in 1648 Began farming tobacco, but soon switched to farming sugar Since the natives were mostly wiped out, they needed to import slaves from Africa. Jamaica became the main slave trade area.
  7. 7. Slave Ships
  8. 8. Yo, Ho, Ho and a Bottle of Slaves on sugar plantations were expected to plow, plant, and harvest five acres each per year After the sugar cane was harvested, it would taken to a nearby mill to be crushed. The crushed sugar was then poured into a large kettle to be boiled until it crystalized, making raw sugar and molasses syrup.
  9. 9. Making Rum
  10. 10. The Triangle Trade
  11. 11. The Triangle Trade Because the sugar plantations need lots of slaves, the triangle slave trade becomes a huge industry $$$ Mother countries in Europe sold iron products (like weapons) in exchange for slaves in Africa They would cram the slaves on ships along the “Middle Passage” toward the West Indies. Upon arrival, some slaves would be sold to work on plantations or in the mines.
  12. 12.  The ships would now load up with sugar and molasses and head north to the American Colonies. They would trade the molasses for the processed rum. They also pick up fish, whale oil, lumber, and tobacco to ship back to Europe. Rum is taken back to Africa in exchange for more slaves. Consequence: Rum’s popularity soars and becomes a favorite drink of the English
  13. 13. Check out this Map!! http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/books/application s/imaps/maps/g5s_u3/index.html#top
  14. 14. Follow Up Questions Which mother countries were involved in the West Indies? What natural resources were they after? What major product was made there? Who did all the work? How were the West Indies economically connected to other colonies?

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