The NorthAmericanColonies
A History of US                (excerpt)      “Picture a long, stout rope. On each end ofthe rope, strong teams pull hard....
Guiding Questions Which mother countries founded colonies in North   America? Who gave permission and money to start the...
The Spanish in North        America GOLD!! GOLD!! GOLD!! FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH!!   MORE GOLD!! EVEN MORE GOLD!! In 1540, Fra...
 Coronado then took the long trip home. The route   he took back toward Mexico would later become   known as the Santa Fe...
Spanish Holdings in North and Central America
The Spanish in Florida While exploring the Bahamas in 1513, Juan Ponce   de León landed somewhere near Cape   Canaveral, ...
The Spanish established missions throughout  the colony to convert Native Americans to                 Catholicism.
Why did the English make colonies in the Americas? to practice religion they choose to bring Christ to "savages" Britis...
New England:            Gold or God? different    Two English colonies were started for very    reasons. The   Jamestown...
Jamestown Location
Jamestown, Virginia Virginia Company sent three ships of settlers to New   World in December 1607 named settlement James...
Getting Settled… 105 men and boys led by   John Smith built a fort near river that   flowed in Chesapeake Bay named riv...
Getting Along with the      Natives…or not!    Powhatan Indians lived in that part of Virginia   14,000 Indians lived in...
John Smith rescued by     Pocahontas
Getting along, cont’d. 1610 Thomas De La Warr, new governor arrived   with 3 ships of supplies wanted more settlers to c...
Why did the Pilgrims          come? Religious   freedom!! The King in England   decided what religion   everyone would b...
Pilgrims Pilgrims landed near Cape Cod in Massachusetts   settlement started in 1620   leader William Bradford Once the ...
Mayflower Compact
Pilgrim’s Arrival on November 11, 1620   after 66 days, the   Pilgrims came to Cape   Cod first winter struggled to   bu...
Plymouth Colony
The White Man’s          Disease Prior to the arrival of  Europeans, various sources  estimate native population in North...
Smallpox
The Dutch The Dutch kept trying to find a  westward passage to the Indies.  They sent an Englishman, Captain  Henry Hudso...
Hudson’s Route
The Dutch pay the           Natives Hudson found the Indians living along the  shores of this river were friendly. They  ...
Economy of the             Colonies The whole purpose of a colony is to make money   for the mother country. Their job wa...
13 New England ColoniesVirginia          1607 London CompanyMassachusetts     1620 PuritansNew Hampshire     1623 John Whe...
You are French, oui? Found a colony in Quebec. Some colonists farm, some are tradesmen, but   most are traders of fur. ...
French and Indian War Also known as The Seven Years War Fought between the English colonies and the   French colonies (t...
Follow Up Questions Which mother countries founded colonies in North   America? What was the purpose of the colonies? H...
North American Colonies
North American Colonies
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North American Colonies

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This ppt is geared for 5th grade and covers the acquisitions of the French, English, Dutch, and Spanish. It mentions smallpox and relations with the Native Americans, the quest for gold and other natural resources.

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  •  Activity: Tape off an area 8 by 8 feet on the floor.Have eleven children stand in the space.Discuss how crowded they feelNext serve a meal of beef jerky, soda crackers, cheese and water.Tell the students that the Pilgrims ate a lot of dried salted meat, hard crackers called hard tack, and cheese on the Mayflower. Discuss that preserving food was necessary and that slating and drying were the best methods available in 1620.
  • http://www.thefurtrapper.com/indian_smallpox.htm
  • North American Colonies

    1. 1. The NorthAmericanColonies
    2. 2. A History of US (excerpt) “Picture a long, stout rope. On each end ofthe rope, strong teams pull hard. Sometimes therope is pulled in one direction, sometimes in theother. Mostly, however, the teams are even. Theybalance each other in a kind of tension. And so itwas, and is, and always has been in NorthAmerica. From the beginning, the Europeans whocame to America had two dreams; there was thedream of riches, of America as a land of goldwhere one could become wealthy. And there wasthe dream of a new world, of an ideal place wherethe mistakes of Europe could be avoided, wherepeople could pursue happiness. Sometimes thosedreams pulled in opposite directions; sometimesthey worked in harmony.”
    3. 3. Guiding Questions Which mother countries founded colonies in North America? Who gave permission and money to start the colonies? What was the purpose of the colonies? How did they decide where to build the colonies? How did the mother countries treat the natives?
    4. 4. The Spanish in North America GOLD!! GOLD!! GOLD!! FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH!! MORE GOLD!! EVEN MORE GOLD!! In 1540, Francisco Coronado and more than 1,000 soldiers set out to find the Seven Cities of Gold. They traveled north out of Mexico into the present- day states of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and parts of Kansas. They never saw any traces of the Seven Cities of Gold.
    5. 5.  Coronado then took the long trip home. The route he took back toward Mexico would later become known as the Santa Fe Trail. In 1542, Coronado returned to Mexico with only 100 of his soldiers. Coronado never found the Seven Cities of Gold. However, he did claim the lands he had traveled through for Spain (including the Grand Canyon). This prevented any other European country from making claims to the American southwest.
    6. 6. Spanish Holdings in North and Central America
    7. 7. The Spanish in Florida While exploring the Bahamas in 1513, Juan Ponce de León landed somewhere near Cape Canaveral, named the landmass "La Florida" and claimed it for Spain. This was only 21 years after Columbus first set foot in the Bahamas and initiated Spanish colonization of the Americas. Hernando De Soto arrived on the Gulf Coast in 1539 and began a four-year trek across Florida and the American South. Narváez, De Soto and many other members of these expeditions died, but survivors made it to Mexico to relate their experiences.
    8. 8. The Spanish established missions throughout the colony to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.
    9. 9. Why did the English make colonies in the Americas? to practice religion they choose to bring Christ to "savages" British judges sent people who had commented crimes business people came to buy items like furs and tobacco farmers - chance to have own land
    10. 10. New England: Gold or God? different Two English colonies were started for very reasons. The Jamestown settlement in Virginia was looking for gold and wealth. The Pilgrims settlement made a home further north in Massachusetts and were after religious freedom. Let’s compare and contrast these two strongly conflicting colonies and their motives.
    11. 11. Jamestown Location
    12. 12. Jamestown, Virginia Virginia Company sent three ships of settlers to New World in December 1607 named settlement Jamestown in honor of English King James came to set up trade between New World and England
    13. 13. Getting Settled… 105 men and boys led by John Smith built a fort near river that flowed in Chesapeake Bay named river James after King James of England fort was built on a swamp which contained mosquitoes carrying a deadly malaria virus (oops!)
    14. 14. Getting Along with the Natives…or not! Powhatan Indians lived in that part of Virginia 14,000 Indians lived in Chesapeake Bay when English came settlers did not build permanent houses or grow food, not good hunters many English died from disease and starvation suffered worst winter (fire, drought, disease, Indian attacks, and little food) almost destroyed the colony Pocahontas brought the settlers corn to eat
    15. 15. John Smith rescued by Pocahontas
    16. 16. Getting along, cont’d. 1610 Thomas De La Warr, new governor arrived with 3 ships of supplies wanted more settlers to come gave new settlers 50 acres of free land Indians unhappy with this Interactive Jamestown Web site: http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/games/inter activeadventures/john-smith/
    17. 17. Why did the Pilgrims come? Religious freedom!! The King in England decided what religion everyone would be. The Pilgrims wanted to practice their own religion without interference from anyone. The pilgrim settlers were made up mostly families. Many were tradesmen and farmers.
    18. 18. Pilgrims Pilgrims landed near Cape Cod in Massachusetts settlement started in 1620 leader William Bradford Once the people aboard the Mayflower realized that the terms of their agreement applied to Virginia, and not to New England, where they were, the leaders wrote the Mayflower Compact. The document was signed on ship within sight of land. The compact stated:  that they would remain united  make laws for the general good of the new colony  promised to obey laws The Mayflower Compact was a form of self-government for the colony.
    19. 19. Mayflower Compact
    20. 20. Pilgrim’s Arrival on November 11, 1620 after 66 days, the Pilgrims came to Cape Cod first winter struggled to build shelter in two or three months half of the people died half the people who survived were children only four women lived called new settlement Plimoth Plantation
    21. 21. Plymouth Colony
    22. 22. The White Man’s Disease Prior to the arrival of Europeans, various sources estimate native population in North and South America at ninety to one hundred million. It is impossible to arrive at the number of Indians in the Americas killed by European diseases with smallpox the deadliest by far. Even the most conservative estimates place the deaths from smallpox above
    23. 23. Smallpox
    24. 24. The Dutch The Dutch kept trying to find a westward passage to the Indies. They sent an Englishman, Captain Henry Hudson to find it. Hudson found a river that ran westward for a short time. He followed it and found that it turned north in what is now New York. The river was later named Hudson after him.
    25. 25. Hudson’s Route
    26. 26. The Dutch pay the Natives Hudson found the Indians living along the shores of this river were friendly. They were willing to trade furs. Hudson told the Dutch people about this. In 1623 the Dutch sent people to live in this area. They formed a new colony and began trading with the Indians. They called their new colony New Netherlands. The Dutch Governor Peter Minuit bought Manhattan Island from the Indians for $24 worth of beads and trinkets.
    27. 27. Economy of the Colonies The whole purpose of a colony is to make money for the mother country. Their job was to collect the raw materials and natural resources from the area and ship it back to the mother country to manufacture. Check out this link to learn all about it! file:///Users/heidi/Desktop/teacher%20resources/his tory/Coloniztion/North%20American%20Colonizatio n/Colonial%20Economy%20from%201600%20to% 201750.webarchive
    28. 28. 13 New England ColoniesVirginia 1607 London CompanyMassachusetts 1620 PuritansNew Hampshire 1623 John WheelwrightMaryland 1634 Lord BaltimoreConnecticut 1635 Thomas HookerRhode Island 1636 Roger WilliamsDelaware 1638 Peter Minuit & New SwedenCo.North Carolina 1653 VirginiansSouth Carolina 1663 Eight Nobles (Royal Charter)New Jersey 1664 Lord Berkeley & SirGeorge CarteretNew York 1664 Duke of YorkPennsylvania 1682 William Penn
    29. 29. You are French, oui? Found a colony in Quebec. Some colonists farm, some are tradesmen, but most are traders of fur. They learn to speak the native’s language and intermarry. Conflict with English colonies drive them westward, so they begin to settle along the Mississippi River.
    30. 30. French and Indian War Also known as The Seven Years War Fought between the English colonies and the French colonies (the Native “Indians” helped the French). Fought over land rights War ends with the Proclamation Line of 1763. English wins all the French lands EAST of the Mississippi. Spanish win all the French land WEST of the Mississippi
    31. 31. Follow Up Questions Which mother countries founded colonies in North America? What was the purpose of the colonies? How did they decide where to build the colonies? How did the mother countries treat the natives?

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