Front Cover Hook Secondary Images Masthead Main Image Cover lines itthereGeometrical scheme Main Cover line Main Pull-quote Secondary Images Bar code Ear
Media Language: Cover• The masthead is “Kerrang!”. It is partially covered by the main image, yet the audience is still able to read it and recognize it. It is written in capital letters and in white, which makes it stand out as it is in contrast with the warm colours that are all over the cover. Also, the font used makes it look like it is cut in some points by some lines: this way the masthead look more sharp and again it creates a contrast with the warm, soft light of the background.• The main image is a mid shot of lead singer of Linkin Park, Chester Bennington. The singer is pulling an angry face and it looks like he is shouting directly to the viewer and that he’s coming out of the magazine: that catches the attention of the audience. There is a contrast with the fact that he’s shirtless and showing all of his tattoos and the fact that he’s wearing glasses, which isn’t representative of the stereotypical singer of his genre. The glasses make him look more human and audience may feel they can relate to him more. It is also notable that, even though the main cover line refers to the whole band, the lead singer is the only one who is represented on the cover.• The main cover line is at the centre of the cover. It states “the return of Linkin Park”. It can be divided in two parts: “the return of” is written in white, capital letters but a lot smaller than the name of the band, which is written in yellow and in bold to catch the eyes of the audience.• The main pull-quote is located under the main cover line. It is an extract from the interview that can be found inside. It is written in white, capital letters, so that it is more visible. Also, the three dots gives a sense of suspension, so that it makes the audience want to know more about it. Directly under that there is name of the lead singer, in yellow. There is also a small line stating “the naked truth!”, in which the word naked is underlined to catch the viewers’ attention. It is also an analogy with the main image, as the singer is shirtless: that attracts the audience’s curiosity by giving the idea that the artist may have revealed himself and private things to the magazine.• Secondary images are on the sides of the cover. There are some images at the top of the cover: they represent the posters that can be found inside. Four of the secondary images, surround the main image and follow a geometric scheme, by creating a square, which makes the main image the ideal centre of the diagonals of the square: that drives the attention mainly on the cover line, main pull quote and part of the main image.• Secondary cover lines and pull quotes refer to the articles that are featured in the issue. They are written in bold, mainly in white or yellow.• There is a hook at the top of the cover which is used to attract more audience.• The ear at the bottom right corner attracts a target audience: it states that the issue contains a “rock encyclopaedia” so anyone who is interested in the genre would notice it.• The magazine follows codes and conventions as it has a bar code, with price and dateline at the bottom left corner.
Contents PageMasthead and Page title Issue no and dateline Plug Contents section Main image Main cover line Competition (hook ) Note from editor Secondary image Subscription advertisement
Media Language: Contents Page• At the top of the page we can find the masthead of the magazine (capital letter, white). Next to there is the title of the page, “Contents” written in yellow capital letters. It tells the readers where they are in the magazine. Both the masthead and the title of the page stand out as they are on a black background.• On the top right corner there are the number of the issue and the cover date. They are clearly visible because they’re written in yellow.• There is a plug on the contents section. It says “as seen on ITV2”, so that it either attracts people who’ve seen the program or make new readers curious so that they might find out.• The contents section is divided in 8 parts, each with a different title so that it is easier for the audience to find what they want. The titles are written in bold and they are visible because the yellow contrasts the background. Under each part the reader can find the titles of the articles featured in the issue. Most articles also have a subtitle which briefly tells the audience what it is about.• The main image is a low angle mid-shot of the band “Enter Shikari”. It covers most of the left side of the page. The members of the band look down to the reader but it also looks like they are looking at the contest proposed by the magazine: this way the readers are driven to look in that direction.• The main cover line attracts the attention of the audience as it has a plug that says “Win!” in big characters and it is made more visible by using the contrasts of colours ( yellow/red). The competition attracts more audience, as there is an opportunity to win a prize, which can relate to most of the readers as it appeals to their interests. The rest of the main line is in capital letters (red/white contrasts with dark background) to make it really easy to be seen by the viewers.• The magazine uses the competition as a hook to attract more audience. In this section they are told what to do to enter the contest and what to do for winning the prize: answering a question about the band in the main image. The question is made really visible because it is highlighted in red. The question proposed is really easy: that is done to attract as many people as possible to participate as more people would try if they knew they could win easily.• There is a secondary image at the bottom left corner of the page. It is an extreme close-up shot of a tattoo, probably from the editor.• At the bottom of the page there is also a note from the editor. It starts with “Hello readers” which is in bold and catches the attention of the audience, as they feel like someone is talking directly to them. In the note, the editor briefly tells us about the main features of the issue. The note is very colloquial and it really looks like the editor is talking to the readers a close friends, by making jokes and being funny. That interests the readers and makes them feel closer to the magazine and to the issue inside.• At the bottom right corner there is a subscription advertisement. The reader is given all the information needed to subscribe to the magazine. Previous issues covers are shown, as well.• On the right side there are the credits to the photo.
Double page spreadName of the band Page title Introduction to the article Main image Article Page number
Double page spread Extra information column Name of the band Secondary image Article Pull quote Main imagePage number
Double page spreadName ofthe band ArticleMain image SubtitlePull quote Extra / sub-articlePagenumber
Media Language: Double Page Spread• The name of the band is written at the top left corner. It reminds us of what the article is about. It is not written in a big font, but the indefinite, peculiar shape and the red/white colours make it visible to the audience.• The main title of the article is written in the same font as the name of the band.• There is a brief introduction to the article, in which part of the text is highlighted in red.• The pull quote is extracted from the interview and it is used to give the reader a bit of summary and a overall idea of what the article says. It is written in big capital letters. The colour scheme is the same as the one in the title (white fading in red). This way it is more visible because it stands out from the contrast with the overall dark background and catches the audience’s attention.• At the bottom left and right of the pages there is the page number, so that it can be read clearly and it helps the readers finding what they want.• The article is divided in columns and the text is white, clear font so that it can be easily read. Each column start with a red capital letter, written in a bigger font. That helps the readers visualize the different paragraphs.• The main images are mid-shots of the lead singer of Linkin Park, Chester Bennington. 1) The first image follows the same theme as the image on the front cover, but there is also a strong contrast between thetwo poses in the images (front cover and 3rd double page spread): in fact, on the cover the singer is pulling an angry face, which ismore sensational and attracts more audience, while in the double page spread the signer appears more relaxed and calm. 2) The second image is the same that appears on the front cover. It is the only one that differences from the others, as in thisone the singer is screaming, with a victory attitude. 3) The third image follows the same concept as the first.• Among the pages we can find: - a secondary image of the band performing (2nd page, top left) - “extra information” column (2nd page, right side), in which we are told more about the singer. - a “sub/article” (3rd page, on the right), in which we can find more information on the band, and its evolution during the years.
Ideology• Kerrang! was initially devoted to the New Wave of the British Heavy Metal and the rise of hard rock acts.• Today, it focuses mostly on rock music and its background in general.• It often uses contents such as hard rock and heavy metal iconic male bands on the front cover (most of them, pulling angry faces or with violent, sensational expressions to attract the audience)• Kerrang! is also often criticised for repeating the process of discarding bands when a new musical trend becomes popular.
Institution• Kerrang! is UK-based magazine published by Bauer Media Group. It was first published on 6 June 1981 as a one-off supplement of the Sounds newspaper.• It is named after the onomatopoeic word that derives from the sound made when playing a power chord on an electric guitar.• In the early 2000s, it became the best selling British music newspaper.• The Kerrang! Empire has its own annual award ceremony, digital radio station, TV channel, tour of rock music concerts and website.• International editions of Kerrang! Can be found in German and Spanish.• Also, Kerrang! Represents an example of cross media ownership. That’s why another strategy they have adopted is through synergy. Bauer Media Group also owns other music magazines, such as Q and Mojo: this way they can promote their products systematically through different broadcast mediums.
Audience• On Kerrang!’s website we can find this description of their audience: “from the younger teenage readers who are more open to different genres of rock music – from EMO to Trash etc. to the reader who respect Kerrang! As an authority when it comes to our scene’s heritage bands”.• Also, Kerrang! Identifies its audience as “individually minded, independent of though and musically experienced. An audience defined by attitude, passion and loyalty”• The magazine applies to a specific niche audience because it concerns topics and themes that are relevant only to people who listen to or are interested by rock music and its background.• Target audience was originally 16-25 years old. However, during the past years it has dropped down to 14-17.• Kerrang! Proposes different kinds of interactions with the audience: it gives the readers the chance to respond and share opinions and views (posting photos, letters polls, competitions etc.). This way, the audience feel more involved with the publication. Males FemalesAudience
Representation• The cover follows a colour scheme based mainly on the yellow/white contrast with some red (as in the background or for the cover lines). Overall, the viewer gets a feeling of warm colours that softens the sharpness of the images and the masthead. Scheme of cover line and pull quote: white, yellow, white, yellow (to make it more visible to the viewer and to separate the topics)• The cover also follows a precise geometric scheme. In fact, the secondary images linked together form a square, whose diagonals’ centre is represented by the main cover line and image, with the pull quote. That drives the attention of the viewer on them. Also the images are either circular shaped or rectangular shaped (top right/bottom left, top left/bottom right)• The contents page follows the same colour scheme as the front cover.• The double page spread follows a similar scheme, with dark backgrounds and white/red contrast.