American education system nursheha finale

10,618 views

Published on

American education System

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,618
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
72
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
126
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

American education system nursheha finale

  1. 1. The American School System 0
  2. 2. Overview • Preschool • Elementary education • Secondary education • Higher education • Comparison to Germany and the UK education • Education Fees • Comparison to Malaysia Education System 1
  3. 3. Education System U.S.A The American School System 2
  4. 4. The difference between private and public schools Private school Public school • Tuition fees or scholarship • 10 % of all students • Select their students • Uniforms • Financed by taxes • Supported by funding • Majority of students • Some have dress codes The American School System 3
  5. 5. Preschool (Nursery School) • Usually between the ages of three and five • Education before the age of six • To develop children through planned programs • Social competence (playgroups / sharing etc.) • Listening skills • Several activities (painting, educational games etc.) What do children learn in Preschools? The American School System 4
  6. 6. Elementary Education • Primary school  Provides instructions in skills of mathematics, reading, basic grammar, social studies, geography etc. • Elementary school  First year: kindergarten  From 5/6 to 11 years  1st grade to 6th grade The American School System 5
  7. 7. Junior High School • Includes seventh, eighth and ninth grade • More independence • Compulsory subjects: Science, mathematics, social sciences, physical education • Electives • Extracurricular activities The American School System 6
  8. 8. Senior High School • Built around 1960 in USA • Originated in Scotland: Edinburgh’s Royal High school 1505 • Prepares young people for the adult world • Final four years (9 up to 12) The American School System 7
  9. 9. How a High School works • School attendance: until graduation or age of 16 • Full-time school • Begins in late august or early September • Ends in late may or early June • 36 weeks a year • Strict discipline during class time • Possibility to have lunch in school • Extracurricular activities • Graduation • High school diploma The American School System 8
  10. 10. The American School System 9
  11. 11. Extracurricular Activities • Performed by students outside the normal curriculum • Voluntary • Usually organized by students • First appearance in the 19th century • First activity: literary societies (Harvard & Yale) The American School System 10
  12. 12. Extracurricular Activities • Sports o American Football o Soccer o Baseball o Swimming o Cheerleading o Basketball etc. • Clubs o Theater club o Debating society o Choir o Band etc. The American School System 11
  13. 13. Homeschooling • Approx. 1.5 million children (2.9 %) • Moral or religious reasons • Dissatisfaction with academic instruction • Effective teaching; individual • To avoid negative social pressure The American School System 12
  14. 14. High School Names • Prominent names o Kennedy High School o Canyon High School o Ben Franklin High School The American School System 13
  15. 15. Types of High Schools • Can be sub classed in o Magnet High School o College preparatory High School o Special High School • Offer classes for advanced students • General education for average students • Remedial courses for those who are struggling The American School System 14
  16. 16. Overview: Higher Education The American School System 15
  17. 17. Higher Education • 30/45 highest-ranked institutions in the U.S • Undergraduate: e.g. BA • (Post)graduate: e.g. MA, Ph.D. The American School System • More than 4,400 universities and colleges • Decentralized system • Public universities administered by individual States 16
  18. 18. Higher Education: General Information • University & college • Institute (e.g. MIT) • Union (e.g. Cooper Union) • School (e.g. Julliard School) • Academy (e.g. United States Military Academy) • Conservatory (e.g. New England Conservatory) The American School System 17
  19. 19. “College” versus “University”: Etymology • Collegium: club/ society under a common set of rules • Universitas magistrorum et scholarium: community of teachers and scholars The American School System • Degree-awarding tertiary educational institution • Institution within a university • Vocational School • Secondary School “College” in English-Speaking Countries 18
  20. 20. Two-Year College • Associate’s degree • Before 1970, all “junior colleges” • Today: o “junior colleges” = private o “community colleges” = public (students of local community, with supports) The American School System Four-Year College • Bachelor’s degree: o Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) o Bachelor of Science (B.S.) • Curriculum on liberal arts (versus vocational): “liberal arts colleges” 19
  21. 21. Vocational School • Also called “trade/ career school” or VET (Vocational Educational Training) • Skills for a particular job • Training, not education The American School System Residential College • e.g. Oxford, Harvard • In the U.S.: housing system • In the UK: both academic and residential functions 20
  22. 22. University • Undergraduate and graduate education • Core: undergraduate colleges with liberal arts curriculum => bachelor’s degree • Graduate schools (both teaching and research) • Divided in colleges/ schools/ faculties (e.g. School of Law) • Some universities = “colleges” (historical reasons) • Different use of the terms among states • Example: Georgia, 1996: o 4-year institutions (“colleges”) => “universities” o “vocational technology schools” => “technical colleges” But… The American School System 21
  23. 23. Acronyms you should know… • B.A. = Bachelor of Arts / M.A. = Master of Arts • B.S. = Bachelor of Science / M.S. = Master of Science • M.B.A. = Master of Business Administration • M.F.A. = Master of Fine Arts • Ph.D. = Doctor of Philosophy (Philosophiae Doctor) • M.D. = Doctor of Medicine (Medicinae Doctor) • D.V.M. = Doctor of Veterinary Medicine • Phar.D.. = Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharmaciae Doctor) • J.D. = Doctor of Law (Juris Doctor) The American School System 22
  24. 24. Tuition Fees • Charged almost everywhere, except: o5 federally sponsored service academies; ofew tuition-free institution (e.g. Webb Institute) • Lower at public universities (subsidies) • Cheaper for local students • Scholarships, student loans or grantsThe American School System 23
  25. 25. Tuition fees Most Prestigious UniversitiesThe American School System 24
  26. 26. Harvard University • Cambridge, Massachusetts • since 1639 • 2011-12: o $ 36,305 for tuition o $ 52,652 for tuition, room, board and fees combined Princeton University • Princeton, New Jersey • Since 1746 • 2012-13: o $ 38,650 for tuition o $ 54,780 in total The American School System 25
  27. 27. Overview: Comparison to Germany and the UK The American School System 26
  28. 28. USA – Germany The American School System 27
  29. 29. Education in the United Kingdom A-Level First School Middle School Upper School GCSE The American School System 28
  30. 30. Grades The American School System Percentage Letter Numerical 90%–100% A 4.0 80%–89% B 3.0 70%–79% C 2.0 60%–69% D 1.0 59% and below E / F 0.0 Chromatic variants, represented by + and −, are commonly used. They are usually represented as being 0.3 higher and lower than the normal. (e.g., B = 3.0, B+ = 3.3, B− = 2.7) Academic grading in the United States 29
  31. 31. USA  Average: 12.000 – 16.000 US$ p.a.  Range:2.000 US$ (community college) up to 40.000 US$ (most prestigious universities) p.a. UK  Scotland: £2700 for 4 years  England, Northern Ireland and Wales: up to £ 9.000 p.a (effective since 2012) Germany  No tuition fees in most States  In Bavaria, Baden- Württemberg and Lower Saxony: Up to 1000 Euro p.a.: Tuition Fees The American School System 30
  32. 32. Postgraduate Tuition Fee (Master) The American School System 31
  33. 33. The American School System 32 In Malaysia, primary education and secondary education make up 11 years of free education. Malaysia Education System The admission age to the first of primary education is seven. Primary schooling is mandatory to all children between the ages of 7 and 12. Students sit for common public examinations at the end of primary, lower secondary and upper secondary levels.
  34. 34. The American School System 33
  35. 35. The American School System 34
  36. 36. The American School System 35 While in United States of America (USA), US children enter the schooling system at the age five. The ninth, through twelfth grades, are most commonly referred to as high school. Upon completion of twelfth grade (aged 17-18), American students are awarded a certificate called the high school diploma. The first year at school is called kindergarten. It is required of all American children enrolled in the America education system. The second year at school is considered the first year of primary school and is referred to as first grade. Upon completion of fifth grade (the last year of primary school at age 10-11), American children then advance to secondary school. Secondary school most commonly consists of a total of seven years, referred to as sixth through twelfth grades In the American education system, students must obtain a high school diploma before they are admitted into college or university. American Education System
  37. 37. The American School System 36 REFFERENCES: 1. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_the_United_States 2. Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Malaysia 3. Blog:Studymode by Faizmail http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Comparison-Between-Education- System-In-48898074.html 4. Journal article: Problems Facing American Education http://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Boyer,%20 Ashley%20Problems%20Facing%20American%20Education.pdf
  38. 38. The American School System 37 SHARING PART OPINION Q & A

×