• A crawler equipped with a substantial metal
plate (known as a blade), used to push large
quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc, during
• Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they
are tapered and have relatively smooth
Wood shakes- split from wood blocks; they are
less uniform in thickness than shingles, are
sometimes grooves, and frequently have little
Brick House EIFS
• Control joint- an intentional linear
discontinuity in a structure or component,
designed to form a plane of weakness where
cracking can occur in response to various
forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking
elsewhere in a structure.
Isolation joint- a joint such as an expansion
joint, between two adjacent structures which
are not in physical contact.
• Transom- small window directly above a door
Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a
Flush Panel Transom Side Light
• Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes
electricity of one voltage and changes it into another
• Service head- takes electricity from power pole and puts it
into a house or building.
• Meter- a device that measures the amount of electrical
energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business, or
• Service panel- is what distributes electrical current to
various circuits within a building.
• Duplex receptacle- sometimes called outlet or wall plug,
are the interface between your homes electrical system
and the devices that need electricity to operate.
Pole and Transformer Service Head
Framing Elements 1
Anchor Bolt Sole Plate
Floor Joist Subflooring
Framing Elements 2
Sill Plate Stud
Framing Elements 3
Ceiling Joist Rafter
Front End Loader
• It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily
used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel,
etc…) into or on to another type of machinery
(dump truck, conveyor belt, etc…).
• An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum
core sandwiched between paper faces; also
called drywall, plasterboard, and sheetrock.
• Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the
outside and forces it in to the residence.
• Air handling unit (AHU)- is a device used to
condition and circulate air as a part of a
heating, ventilating, and air conditioning
• Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed
fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate
below floors, above ceilings, and within walls.
• Loose fill- includes loose fibers or fiber pellets
that are blown into building cavities or attics
using special equipment.
• Foamed- is a two part liquid containing a polymer
(such as polyurethane) and a foaming agent.
• Rigid board- is commonly made from fiber glass,
polystyrene, or polyurethane, and comes in a
variety of thickness with a high insulating value.
Batt/Blanket Loose Fill
• A beam that carries the load of a wall across a
window or door opening.
• A type of engineered board made from thin
sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers.
The layers are glued together, each with its
grain at right angles to adjacent layers for
• Veneer- a thin covering over another surface.
• Is a material that is installed in buildings to
reduce summer heat gain and winter heat
loss, and hints to reduce building heating and
cooling energy usage.
• The surface deformation help create a tighter
bond with the concrete.
Steep Roof Drainage
• Gutter- a narrow channel which collects rain
water from the roof of a building and diverts it
away from the structure.
• Down spout- a vertical pipe for carrying rain
water down from a gutter.
• Splash block- a small masonry block laid with
the top close to the ground surface to receive
roof drainage from down spouts and to carry
it away from the building
Steep Roof Materials
• Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof
sheathing and structure from moisture and
• Shingle- a flat covering element for a roof
• Metal Panel- usually made from steel but also
manufactured in aluminum and other metal
Steep Roof Materials 2
Under Layment Clay Tile Roof
Steep Roof Terms
• Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two
sloping planes, especially the line formed by the
surfaces at the top of a roof.
• Valley- the junction where two separate roofs meet.
• Eave- the lower edge of a roof usually projecting
beyond the sides of a building.
• Rake- the inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall.
• Fascia- generally, any long, vertical surface across the
top of a structure.
• Soffit- the finished underside of the eaves
Steep Roof Terms 7
Ridge Valley Rake