Visual Dictionary

     Sheeting
Air Barrier Paper
• Paper that helps insulate a building and
  protect it from the weather outside.

                     ...
Attic Ventilation
• Helps relieve excessive heat build ups in the
  summer and moisture control.




Soffic Vent



      ...
Air Ventilation Con’t




Gable Vent




                                Roof Turbine
Backhoe
• Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a
  digging bucket on the end of a two part
  articulated arm, it al...
Batter Boards
• A temporary frame built just outside the
  corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie
  on the surfac...
Arch 1
Arch 2
Arch with Keystone
Centering
• Temporary formwork for an arch, dome or
  vault.
Brick Bonds




Flemish Bond           Stretcher Bond
Brickwork



Rowlock                   Header             Soldier




          Rowlock Stretcher         Sailor
Brick sizes
Bulldozer
• A crawler equipped with a substantial metal
  plate (known as a blade), used to push large
  quantities of soi...
Cladding
• Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they
  are tapered and have relatively smooth
  surfaces.
  Wood shakes- ...
Cladding Con’t


                      Wood Shingle


Brick House                           EIFS

                        ...
Code Requirements
Concrete Joints
• Control joint- an intentional linear
  discontinuity in a structure or component,
  designed to form a p...
Isolation Joint
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
• A block of hardened concrete, with or without
  hollow cores, designed to be laid in the sam...
Decorative CMU




Split Block              Ribbed Block
Doors
• Transom- small window directly above a door
  Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a
  door




  Flush   ...
Electrical Components
• Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes
  electricity of one voltage and chang...
Electrical Component




Pole and Transformer                       Service Head

                                        ...
Framing Elements 1




Anchor Bolt               Sole Plate




Floor Joist                  Subflooring
Framing Elements 2




Sill Plate                         Stud



Top Plate




                         Mansard
Framing Elements 3



Ceiling Joist             Rafter




            Sheeting         Stringer
Front End Loader
• It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily
  used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel,
  etc…) ...
Gypsum Board
• An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum
  core sandwiched between paper faces; also
  called drywal...
Heat Pump
• Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the
  outside and forces it in to the residence.
• Air handling unit (A...
Heat Pump 2




Compressor          Air Handling Unit
Insulation
• Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed
  fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate
  below flo...
Insulation 2
Batt/Blanket                  Loose Fill




                Rigid Board
Lintel
• A beam that carries the load of a wall across a
  window or door opening.
Mortar




Troweled            Tooled
Oriented Strand Board
• (non veneered panel product) Engineered
  wood product formed by layering strands of
  wood in spe...
Plumbing
• Lavatory- (size)
• Water Closet- (size)
• Plumbing Vent- relieves pipes of sewage
  gasses
Lavatory          To...
Plumbing 2




Sewage Vent            Drop-In
Plywood
• A type of engineered board made from thin
  sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers.
  The layers are glued...
Radiant Barrier
• Is a material that is installed in buildings to
  reduce summer heat gain and winter heat
  loss, and hi...
Rebar
• The surface deformation help create a tighter
  bond with the concrete.
Steep Roof Drainage
• Gutter- a narrow channel which collects rain
  water from the roof of a building and diverts it
  aw...
Steep Roof Drainage 2




Down Spout                 Gutter
Steep Roof Materials
• Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof
  sheathing and structure from moisture and
  penetrati...
Steep Roof Materials 2
Under Layment                         Clay Tile Roof




                        Metal Sheet
Steep Roof Shapes



Gambrel
              Gable
Steep Roof Terms
• Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two
  sloping planes, especially the line formed by...
Steep Roof Terms 7



  Ridge        Valley     Rake




Eave             Fascia
Stone




Random Rubble           Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder
• Material that reduces the diffusion of water
  vapor across a building assembly.(Side)
Waterproofing
• A process where they keep water out of the
  bottom of the house. (check)
Weep Hole
• A small opening left in the outer wall of
  masonry construction as an outlet for water
  inside a building to...
Welded Wire Fabric
• It is used to reinforce concrete construction. It
  is often used for floor slabs on well compacted
 ...
Windows
• Tell why they are classified that way.
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Visual Dictionary-Sheeting

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Visual Dictionary-Sheeting

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary Sheeting
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper • Paper that helps insulate a building and protect it from the weather outside. Weather Barrier
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation • Helps relieve excessive heat build ups in the summer and moisture control. Soffic Vent Ridge Vent
  4. 4. Air Ventilation Con’t Gable Vent Roof Turbine
  5. 5. Backhoe • Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two part articulated arm, it also helps dig up any earth material.
  6. 6. Batter Boards • A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface plains of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
  7. 7. Arch 1
  8. 8. Arch 2
  9. 9. Arch with Keystone
  10. 10. Centering • Temporary formwork for an arch, dome or vault.
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Flemish Bond Stretcher Bond
  12. 12. Brickwork Rowlock Header Soldier Rowlock Stretcher Sailor
  13. 13. Brick sizes
  14. 14. Bulldozer • A crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc, during construction works.
  15. 15. Cladding • Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they are tapered and have relatively smooth surfaces. Wood shakes- split from wood blocks; they are less uniform in thickness than shingles, are sometimes grooves, and frequently have little taper
  16. 16. Cladding Con’t Wood Shingle Brick House EIFS Wood Board Stone
  17. 17. Code Requirements
  18. 18. Concrete Joints • Control joint- an intentional linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in a structure. Isolation joint- a joint such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact.
  19. 19. Isolation Joint
  20. 20. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. 8x16x8
  21. 21. Decorative CMU Split Block Ribbed Block
  22. 22. Doors • Transom- small window directly above a door Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a door Flush Panel Transom Side Light
  23. 23. Electrical Components • Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes electricity of one voltage and changes it into another voltage. • Service head- takes electricity from power pole and puts it into a house or building. • Meter- a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business, or machine. • Service panel- is what distributes electrical current to various circuits within a building. • Duplex receptacle- sometimes called outlet or wall plug, are the interface between your homes electrical system and the devices that need electricity to operate.
  24. 24. Electrical Component Pole and Transformer Service Head Service Panel Duplex Receptacle Meter
  25. 25. Framing Elements 1 Anchor Bolt Sole Plate Floor Joist Subflooring
  26. 26. Framing Elements 2 Sill Plate Stud Top Plate Mansard
  27. 27. Framing Elements 3 Ceiling Joist Rafter Sheeting Stringer
  28. 28. Front End Loader • It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel, etc…) into or on to another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, etc…).
  29. 29. Gypsum Board • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard, and sheetrock.
  30. 30. Heat Pump • Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the outside and forces it in to the residence. • Air handling unit (AHU)- is a device used to condition and circulate air as a part of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system.
  31. 31. Heat Pump 2 Compressor Air Handling Unit
  32. 32. Insulation • Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate below floors, above ceilings, and within walls. • Loose fill- includes loose fibers or fiber pellets that are blown into building cavities or attics using special equipment. • Foamed- is a two part liquid containing a polymer (such as polyurethane) and a foaming agent. • Rigid board- is commonly made from fiber glass, polystyrene, or polyurethane, and comes in a variety of thickness with a high insulating value.
  33. 33. Insulation 2 Batt/Blanket Loose Fill Rigid Board
  34. 34. Lintel • A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  35. 35. Mortar Troweled Tooled
  36. 36. Oriented Strand Board • (non veneered panel product) Engineered wood product formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientations.
  37. 37. Plumbing • Lavatory- (size) • Water Closet- (size) • Plumbing Vent- relieves pipes of sewage gasses Lavatory Toilet Tub Installed
  38. 38. Plumbing 2 Sewage Vent Drop-In
  39. 39. Plywood • A type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength. • Veneer- a thin covering over another surface.
  40. 40. Radiant Barrier • Is a material that is installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and hints to reduce building heating and cooling energy usage.
  41. 41. Rebar • The surface deformation help create a tighter bond with the concrete.
  42. 42. Steep Roof Drainage • Gutter- a narrow channel which collects rain water from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure. • Down spout- a vertical pipe for carrying rain water down from a gutter. • Splash block- a small masonry block laid with the top close to the ground surface to receive roof drainage from down spouts and to carry it away from the building
  43. 43. Steep Roof Drainage 2 Down Spout Gutter
  44. 44. Steep Roof Materials • Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration. • Shingle- a flat covering element for a roof • Metal Panel- usually made from steel but also manufactured in aluminum and other metal materials.
  45. 45. Steep Roof Materials 2 Under Layment Clay Tile Roof Metal Sheet
  46. 46. Steep Roof Shapes Gambrel Gable
  47. 47. Steep Roof Terms • Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two sloping planes, especially the line formed by the surfaces at the top of a roof. • Valley- the junction where two separate roofs meet. • Eave- the lower edge of a roof usually projecting beyond the sides of a building. • Rake- the inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall. • Fascia- generally, any long, vertical surface across the top of a structure. • Soffit- the finished underside of the eaves
  48. 48. Steep Roof Terms 7 Ridge Valley Rake Eave Fascia
  49. 49. Stone Random Rubble Coursed Ashlar
  50. 50. Vapor Retarder • Material that reduces the diffusion of water vapor across a building assembly.(Side)
  51. 51. Waterproofing • A process where they keep water out of the bottom of the house. (check)
  52. 52. Weep Hole • A small opening left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate.
  53. 53. Welded Wire Fabric • It is used to reinforce concrete construction. It is often used for floor slabs on well compacted ground and walls. (picture)
  54. 54. Windows • Tell why they are classified that way.

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