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Power and Politics

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Power and Politics

  1. 1. Presented by : Sheetal Narkar
  2. 2. <ul><li>Power is defined as the capacity of a person, team, or organization </li></ul><ul><li>to influence others. </li></ul><ul><li>It is used as a means for achieving goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used to gain lateral and upward influence. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. TYPES OF POWER <ul><li>Legitimate Power : </li></ul><ul><li>Based on position or formal authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Reward Power : </li></ul><ul><li>The power to give pay, raises promotion, praise interesting projects another and rewards to subordinates. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Coercive Power : </li></ul><ul><li>The power to give or withhold punishment such as suspension, termination, or even the withholding of praise and goodwill. </li></ul><ul><li>Information Power : </li></ul><ul><li>Power that comes from access to and control over information. </li></ul>TYPES OF POWER
  5. 6. <ul><li>Referent Power: </li></ul><ul><li>Power that arises from one’s personality or physical or other abilities which induce others to believe in and follow that person. </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Power: </li></ul><ul><li>Based on knowledge or information value. </li></ul>TYPES OF POWER
  6. 7. POLITICS
  7. 8. POLITICS <ul><li>Politics is Power in Action. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational Politics involves intentional acts of influence to enhance or protect the self interest of individuals or groups. </li></ul>
  8. 9. WHY DO WE HAVE POLITICS ??? <ul><li>Different values, ideas, interests and goals </li></ul><ul><li>Limited resources (money) </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome is not clearly known </li></ul>X
  9. 10. POLITICAL TACTICS <ul><li>Attacking or blaming others </li></ul><ul><li>Creating favorable image </li></ul><ul><li>Praising others </li></ul><ul><li>Forming coalitions with strong allies </li></ul><ul><li>Association with influential people </li></ul>
  10. 11. FACTORS INFLUENCING POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR <ul><li>Individual factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Inefficiency of the employee </li></ul><ul><li>High need for power, status, security or autonomy </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Organizational Factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Level in organization </li></ul><ul><li>High performance pressures </li></ul>FACTORS INFLUENCING POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR
  12. 13. POLITICAL GAMES <ul><li>Political Games are played in organization by both managers and non - managers </li></ul><ul><li>They are played at all organizational levels </li></ul><ul><li>Games are played to : </li></ul><ul><li>Resist authority </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Counter the resistance to authority </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Defeat rivals (Line versus staff game) </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Authority Games : </li></ul><ul><li>To resist or to counter – resist formal authority </li></ul><ul><li>Power based Games : </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance base of power with superiors, peers and subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Rivalry Games : </li></ul><ul><li>To defeat each other in the quest for power </li></ul><ul><li>Change Games : </li></ul><ul><li>To control organizational wrong doings or to seize control over the organization </li></ul>POLITICAL GAMES
  14. 16. POSITIVE POLITICAL STRATEGIES <ul><li>Build relationships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside the organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside the organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertically as well as horizontally </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. CONCLUSION MANAGING POWER AND POLITICS <ul><li>Power and Politics exists in every organization </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that power and politics influence all behavior in organizations and that it is necessary to develop the skills to be able to understand and manage them. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce clear rules </li></ul><ul><li>Increase opportunity for dialogue </li></ul>