Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Education and culture in general


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Education and culture in general

  1. 1. Presented By :- Dipika Awachite Dhwani Kapadia Sheetal Jain
  2. 2.  Culture  Education  Relationship between education and culture  Influence of culture on education
  3. 3.  Culture is a word for people's 'way of life', meaning the way they do things. Different groups of people may have different cultures. A culture is passed on to the next generation by learning, whereas genetics are passed on by heredity. Culture is seen in people's writing, religion, music, clothes, cooking, and in what they do.
  4. 4.  The concept of culture is very complicated, and the word has many meanings.The word 'culture' is most commonly used in three senses:  Excellence of taste in the fine arts and humanities, also known as high culture.  An integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behaviour.  The outlook, attitudes, values, goals, and customs shared by a society.
  5. 5.  Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of others, but may also be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational.
  6. 6.  Meaning and concepts of culture testifies to the fact that education and culture are intimately connected. In broader sense culture is not a part of education but it is education itself. Cultural pattern of a society determines its educational system.Eduactional system simultaneously affects the culture of that society by shaping and influencing the thinking and behavior of an individual.  Eg : if the cultural pattern of a society is materialistic , its educational system will also be framed in the same way.
  7. 7.  Similarly , if there is cultural conflict in the society , it can be wiped out only by education .
  8. 8.  Formulating educational aims :- Whatever ideals, values and beliefs people in the society have, the aims of education will be to preserve them. Local aims will be derived from local culture and national aims will be derived from national culture. Thinking and pattern of behaviour of the people and their standard and style of living will also play an important role in derterming educational aims.
  9. 9.  Constructing Curriculum :- Culture is not generally inherited, its is rather acquired. So curriculum will be constructed to acquire the desired culture by the people. Culture becomes the need of the society in the sense that its acquisition increases material or spiritual comforts. Curriculum will be developed so as to increase these comforts.
  10. 10.  Organizing co curriculum activities :- Culture is not to be preserved but it has to be transferred to the next generations. For this purpose, various literacy, cultural and sports activities are organized in the school campus.
  11. 11.  Methods of Teaching : Whether the culture of the society is accommodative or impenetrable, it determines the behaviors of the teachers of the teachers and their methods of teaching . Whatever education will be teacher centered , curriculum centered or child centered will depend on whether the cultural; pattern of the society is autocratic or democratic . If the society follows democratic culture , teacher teach the students according to their needs, interests and aptitudes . On the other hand , if the culture of the society is influenced by idealism or communism , the behaviour of the teacher will be very rigid.
  12. 12.  Reconstruction of education and society : Culture or sub culture of a society always changes with change of time. These changes are also taken into considerations while formulating educational plans. Thus , continuous review in the educational system becomes necessary for us.
  13. 13.  Discipline : No other aspect of education is so directly affected by culture than discipline . Problem of indiscipline is generally seen in those societies where education is not given priority by the people. Children belonging to these societies and cultures are dealt very strictly in a repressive manner. On the contrary , children representing cultured societies are cooperative to the school discipline .So , they are democratically treated by their teachers .
  14. 14.  Research Activities : Culture or sub culture of the society determines the directions as well as dimensions of researchers.  E.g. : if people believe that AIDS can be treated by magical recitals of religious scriptures , no efforts will be made to find the causes or remedies of the killer disease . On the other hand if people that there is no disease on this earth which does not have a definite cure , they will work hard to discover the cure for the same.
  15. 15.  Development of arts, music , and literature : Arts, literature and music reflect the culture of a particular place . We can study the culture of the past on the basis of these things and can relate them to the present in order to predict about the future . Thus , it is culture alone that binds past , present and future into a single time unit . This , phenomenon of culture can reduce many of the social or cultural conflicts that we see in society today.
  16. 16.  Effects on teachers behaviour : Teacher of the class is the practical being and living form of a culture . Whatever culture he has acquired from the society fully reflected through his behaviour in the society . Thus a teacher can make the process of acculturation very easy and natural . He tries to inculcate those ideals in children which he considers good . Thus a teacher can modify and transform the culture of his student by his own behaviour .
  17. 17.  School system as a whole : School exists for the purpose of the inducting the young into the culture to which school belongs . For this very reason, linguistic and religious establish their own educational institutions to preserve and transfer their culture . The total activities and programmes of the school are organized to the cultural pattern of the society.