Presented By :- Dipika Awachite
Relationship between education and culture
Influence of culture on education
Culture is a word for people's 'way of life', meaning
the way they do things. Different groups of people
may have different cultures. A culture is passed on
to the next generation by
learning, whereas genetics are passed on
by heredity. Culture is seen in
people's writing, religion, music, clothes, cooking,
and in what they do.
The concept of culture is very complicated, and the word has
many meanings.The word 'culture' is most commonly used in
Excellence of taste in the fine arts and humanities, also
known as high culture.
An integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief,
The outlook, attitudes, values, goals, and customs shared by
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which
the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are
transferred from one generation to the next through
teaching, training, or research. Education frequently takes
place under the guidance of others, but may also
be autodidactic. Any experience that has a formative effect on
the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered
Meaning and concepts of culture testifies to the fact that
education and culture are intimately connected. In broader
sense culture is not a part of education but it is education
itself. Cultural pattern of a society determines its educational
system.Eduactional system simultaneously affects the culture
of that society by shaping and influencing the thinking and
behavior of an individual.
Eg : if the cultural pattern of a society is materialistic , its
educational system will also be framed in the same way.
Similarly , if there is cultural conflict in the society , it can be
wiped out only by education .
Formulating educational aims :- Whatever
ideals, values and beliefs people in the society have, the aims
of education will be to preserve them. Local aims will be
derived from local culture and national aims will be derived
from national culture. Thinking and pattern of behaviour of
the people and their standard and style of living will also play
an important role in derterming educational aims.
Constructing Curriculum :- Culture is not generally
inherited, its is rather acquired. So curriculum will be
constructed to acquire the desired culture by the people.
Culture becomes the need of the society in the sense that its
acquisition increases material or spiritual comforts.
Curriculum will be developed so as to increase these
Organizing co curriculum activities :- Culture is
not to be preserved but it has to be transferred to the next
generations. For this purpose, various literacy, cultural and
sports activities are organized in the school campus.
Methods of Teaching : Whether the culture of the
society is accommodative or impenetrable, it determines the
behaviors of the teachers of the teachers and their methods
of teaching . Whatever education will be teacher centered
, curriculum centered or child centered will depend on
whether the cultural; pattern of the society is autocratic or
democratic . If the society follows democratic culture
, teacher teach the students according to their
needs, interests and aptitudes . On the other hand , if the
culture of the society is influenced by idealism or communism
, the behaviour of the teacher will be very rigid.
Reconstruction of education and society :
Culture or sub culture of a society always changes with
change of time. These changes are also taken into
considerations while formulating educational plans. Thus
, continuous review in the educational system becomes
necessary for us.
Discipline : No other aspect of education is so directly
affected by culture than discipline . Problem of indiscipline is
generally seen in those societies where education is not given
priority by the people. Children belonging to these societies
and cultures are dealt very strictly in a repressive manner. On
the contrary , children representing cultured societies are
cooperative to the school discipline .So , they are
democratically treated by their teachers .
Research Activities : Culture or sub culture of the
society determines the directions as well as dimensions of
E.g. : if people believe that AIDS can be treated by magical
recitals of religious scriptures , no efforts will be made to find
the causes or remedies of the killer disease . On the other
hand if people that there is no disease on this earth which
does not have a definite cure , they will work hard to
discover the cure for the same.
Development of arts, music , and literature :
Arts, literature and music reflect the culture of a particular
place . We can study the culture of the past on the basis of
these things and can relate them to the present in order to
predict about the future . Thus , it is culture alone that binds
past , present and future into a single time unit . This ,
phenomenon of culture can reduce many of the social or
cultural conflicts that we see in society today.
Effects on teachers behaviour : Teacher of the
class is the practical being and living form of a culture .
Whatever culture he has acquired from the society fully
reflected through his behaviour in the society . Thus a teacher
can make the process of acculturation very easy and natural .
He tries to inculcate those ideals in children which he
considers good . Thus a teacher can modify and transform
the culture of his student by his own behaviour .
School system as a whole : School exists for the
purpose of the inducting the young into the culture to which
school belongs . For this very reason, linguistic and religious
establish their own educational institutions to preserve and
transfer their culture . The total activities and programmes of
the school are organized to the cultural pattern of the society.