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  • Gratuity

    1. 1. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 At a Glance… By, Sheetal Londhe
    2. 2. Applicability <ul><li>Every factory, mine, oil plantation, port and railway company </li></ul><ul><li>Every shop or establishment – if it employs 10 or more persons in the preceding 1 year. </li></ul><ul><li>To any other establishment – employing 10 or more persons. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Payment of Gratuity <ul><li>Gratuity is payable if there is :- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous service of 5yrs (not necessary incase of death or disablement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On termination due to superannuation or retirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resignation, death or disablement due to accident or disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In case of death, the amount will be paid to nominee or legal heir </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Calculation of Gratuity: For Every completed Year of Service in excess of Six Months <ul><li>Monthly rate of wage last drawn X 15 </li></ul><ul><li>26 </li></ul><ul><li>Mode of payment of Gratuity </li></ul><ul><li>In cash or DD or bank cheque </li></ul><ul><li>Payment by postal money order if amount is less than Rs.1000 if employee desires </li></ul>Maximum amount payable is Rs.3,50,000
    5. 5. Determination, application and notice for payment of gratuity <ul><li>Person eligible has to make a written application to employer within 30 days when it fell due . </li></ul><ul><li>Incase of death, the legal heir must make application within 1 yr from when gratuity became applicable. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>As soon as gratuity becomes payable, employer must determine the gratuity even before application is made and must send notice to person to whom it is payable. </li></ul><ul><li>Within 15 days of receipt of application, employer shall , </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If claim is admissible, send notice within 30 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If claim is inadmissible, send notice on form ‘M’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be paid within 30 days from the date it becomes payable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If not paid within 30 days, simple interest from the payable date to paid date. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No interest if delay is due to employees fault. </li></ul></ul>Determination, application and notice for payment of gratuity
    7. 7. Gratuity Disputes <ul><li>In case of any dispute wrt gratuity, the amount must be deposited with controlling authority and application must be made to authority for direction within 90 days of occurrence. </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling Authority shall make due inquiries and if claim is found admissible, direct payment is made to person entitled. </li></ul><ul><li>Such issue of direct payment must be made to employer within 30 days from date of receipt of the same by employer. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Appeal </li></ul><ul><li>The appeal is made by the person aggrieved by order to Controlling Authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Limitation – 60 days from the date of receipt of order which is further extended to 60 days more on sufficient cause. </li></ul>Gratuity Disputes
    9. 9. Nominations <ul><li>To be made after completion of 1 years service. Form F </li></ul><ul><li>An employee may in his nomination, distribute the amount of gratuity payable to him, under this Act amongst more than one nominee . </li></ul><ul><li>If an employee has a family at the time of nomination, the nomination shall be made in favor of one or more members of his family, and any nomination made by such employee in favor of a person who is not a member of his family, shall be void. </li></ul><ul><li>If at the time of making a nomination the employee has no family , the nomination may be made in favor of any person but if the employee subsequently acquires a family (Form ‘G’), such nomination shall become invalid. </li></ul><ul><li>A nomination may, be modified by an employee at any time , after giving to his employer a written notice in such form and in such manner as may be prescribed, of his intention to do so. Form ‘H’ </li></ul><ul><li>Every nomination, fresh nomination or alteration of nomination, as the case may be, shall be sent by the employee to his employer , who shall keep the same in his safe custody. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>“ Family&quot;, in relation to an employee, shall be deemed to consist of </li></ul><ul><li>in the case of a male employee , </li></ul><ul><li>himself, his wife, his children, </li></ul><ul><li>whether married or unmarried, his dependent parents </li></ul><ul><li>the dependent parents of his wife and </li></ul><ul><li>the widow and children of his predeceased son, if any </li></ul>Family
    11. 11. Family <ul><li>in the case of a female employee , </li></ul><ul><li>herself, her husband, her children, </li></ul><ul><li>whether married or unmarried, her dependent parents and </li></ul><ul><li>the dependent parents of her husband and </li></ul><ul><li>the widow and children of her predeceased son, if any </li></ul>
    12. 12. Can adopted children become family members? <ul><li>Where the personal law of an employee permits the adoption by him of a child, </li></ul><ul><li>any child lawfully adopted by him shall be deemed to be included in his family, </li></ul><ul><li>and where a child of an employee has been adopted by another person and such adoption is, under the personal law of the person making such adoption, lawful, such child shall be deemed to be excluded from the family of the employee </li></ul>
    13. 13. Penalties False statements to avoid payment Default in complying with Act Non-payment of Gratuity 6mts imprisonment or Rs.10,000 or both 3mts – 1yr imprisonment or Rs.20,000 or both 6mts – 2yr imprisonment OFFENCE PENALTY
    14. 14. ~ The End ~