PERSONAL LEARNING: E- LEARNING
Mr. G.P. SHEEJITH MONISH M.Sc.,
Assist Prof in CD&F,Rathinam College of Arts & Science,Coimbatore.
E-Learning is the use of technology to enable people to learn anytime and anywhere.
E-Learning can include training, the delivery of just-in-time information and guidance from
expert. E-learning objectives, methods of E-learning, various reasons for E-Learning,
Advantages and its Limitations. This paper discussed about full of E-learning techniques.
E-learning is using technology to deliver training anytime, anyplace. It can be known as a
number of different things and spelled in a number of ways including online learning, online
training and e learning. E-learning is to classroom learning as cell phones are to a pay phone at
the bus station. At least it is in some ways. For instance, e-learning allows we learn anywhere
and usually at any time, as long as we have a properly configured computer. Cell phones allow
communicate any time and usually anywhere, as long as we have a properly configured phone.
E-learning can be CD-ROM-based, Network-based, Intranet-based or Internet-based. It
can include text, video, audio, animation and virtual environments. It can be a very rich learning
experience that can even surpass the level of training we might experience in a crowded
classroom. It's self-paced, hands-on learning. The quality of the electronic-based training, as in
every form of training, is in its content and its delivery. E-learning can suffer from many of the
same pitfalls as classroom training, such as boring slides, monotonous speech, and little
opportunity for interaction.
Objectives of E- Learning:
Upon successful completion of this unit of instruction, the student shall be able to:
Understand what e-Learning is and how it is used.
Understand the benefits and limitations of e-Learning.
Understand strategies that can be used to be successful at e-Learning
Methods of E-Learning:
E-Learning is instruction that occurs when the instructor and the students are separated
by time, by distance, or both. It can be divided into 2 major delivery methods:
Synchronous e-Learning or training happens in real-time with an instructor facilitating
the training. Most commonly this type of learning takes place over the Internet, using a “chat
room” on specialized Web Sites. Each student logs in at a specific time and can communicate
directly with the instructor and with each other. Synchronous e-Learning may also be
accomplished through telephone or video conferencing or through two-way live television
broadcasts between instructors and students in distant classrooms.
Asynchronous e-Learning or training is e-Learning in the more conventional sense of
the word. Asynchronous e-Learning is usually CD or DVD-ROM-based, or can be Intranet or
Internet based. Students generally work on an interactive “self-paced” program of study. This
may include access to instructors or experts through online bulletin boards, discussion groups
and e-mail. Programs may also be completely self-contained with links to various reference
materials in place of an instructor. Asynchronous e-Learning allows the student to learn
anywhere and usually at any time, as long as they have the proper equipment.
Levels of e-learning
E-learning falls into four categories, from the very basic to the very advanced. The
Knowledge databases -- While not necessarily seen as actual training, these databases
are the most basic form of e-learning. We've probably seen knowledge databases on
software sites offering indexed explanations and guidance for software questions, along
with step-by-step instructions for performing specific tasks. These are usually moderately
interactive, meaning that we can either type in a key word or phrase to search the
database, or make a selection from an alphabetical list.
Online support -- Online support is also a form of e-learning and functions in a similar
manner to knowledge databases. Online support comes in the form of forums, chat
rooms, online bulletin boards, e-mail, or live instant-messaging support. Slightly more
interactive than knowledge databases, online support offers the opportunity for more
specific questions and ansyours, as well as more immediate ansyours.
Asynchronous training -- This is e-learning in the more traditional sense of the word. It
involves self-paced learning, either CD-ROM-based, Network-based, Intranet-based or
Internet-based. It may include access to instructors through online bulletin boards, online
discussion groups and e-mail. Or, it may be totally self-contained with links to reference
materials in place of a live instructor.
Synchronous training -- Synchronous training is done in real-time with a live instructor
facilitating the training. Everyone logs in at a set time and can communicate directly with
the instructor and with each other. We can raise your cyber hand and even view the cyber
whiteboard. It lasts for a set amount of time -- from a single session to several weeks,
months or even years. This type of training usually takes place via Internet Web sites,
audio- or video-conferencing, Internet telephony, or even two-way live broadcasts to
students in a classroom.
Reasons for e-learning
There are a number of benefits associated with implementing e-learning and our
customers come to us for different reasons. Here are some of the top reasons why Learning Pool
customers use our services.
1. Scalable, Efficient and Fast
E-learning gives we the ability to quickly create and communicate new policies and
training. By using our Authoring Tool and our Learning Management System (called our DLE)
we’ll be able to roll-out to large audiences cost-effectively.
2. Capacity and consistency
E-learning offers the ability to achieve high levels of coverage among your target
audience and ensures the message communicated is consistent. This means all learners get the
3. Higher Learning Retention than traditional learning
Blended learning results in higher knowledge retention rate as it appeals to a wider range
of learning styles. There’s also the added ability to refresh or update coursework whenever it’s
needed and learn at a pace that suits your learners.
4. Using e-learning saves we time and money
It reduces time away from the workplace, cuts down on expensive travel and reduces the
need for costly classroom-based training.
5. Measuring learning activity and proving return on investment
Using our Learning Management System, tracking Learner progress is a breeze and
reporting on activity is a button press away.
6. Reduce your carbon footprint
By delivering your training online and testing your staff through online quizzes we’re
providing alternatives to paper-based forms of learning and testing.
7. Flexibility and finding hard to reach people
E-learning can give staff the freedom to learn when and where they want, and at their
own pace. We can train staff who would usually be in remote locations and have trouble getting
to and from classroom training venues.
Strategies for e-Learning Success
Recent technological advances and the advent of e-Learning have dramatically altered the
world of education and training. There are millions of e-Learners in the U.S. and around the
world. Today’s e-Learners come from a wide variety of backgrounds, and are of all ages. Most
are working people who are trying to continue their education and improve their opportunities.
Still, e-Learning is quite different from traditional classroom learning and is not for everyone.
Successful e-Learning students share certain qualities and abilities.
E-Learning requires motivation and self-discipline. Successful e-Learning students are
able to study independently and incorporate study time into their busy lives. Students
should set aside regular study time. e-Learning requires a real commitment to keep up
with the flow of the process and to finish within the required period of time.
Define your goals and plan for success. Define your goals and objectives for your eLearning experience. Understand the requirements and plan ahead so that we will know
what’s expected of we and how your performance will be evaluated.
e-Learning requires good reading and writing skills. The ability to efficiently read and
interpret instructions is a critical skill in e-Learning. Most activities and communications
are also written, so it is important to be comfortable with your ability to express yourself
Incorporate work, life, and other educational experiences as part of the learning
process. e-Learning requires the student to make inferences based on experience as well
as facts. Meaningful reflection and critical analysis of information are an essential part of
the learning process. Look for opportunities to apply what we have learned in your life.
Be willing and able to commit adequate time to the e-Learning process. E-Learning is
a convenient way to receive education and training, but it is not easier than the traditional
educational process. In fact, it often requires more time and commitment.
Have access to the necessary equipment and create some personal space. It is
important that we have a place to study in a peaceful and focused manner.
Advantages of online or computer-based learning
E-Learning is student centered. The learner is the core of any e-Learning system.
Materials and activities are designed with the needs and interests of the learner in mind.
Students assume control of their learning experience and use it to suit their own specific
E-Learning is self-directed and self-paced. Learners control the amount of time they
spend on any particular topic. This allows learners to spend additional time on difficult
items before moving on or to skip material they already understand. This
“individualized” approach usually allows learners to complete their education and
training faster than in traditional courses.
E-Learning is interactive and hands-on. The use of a variety of multimedia in eLearning increases student involvement and reinforces the learning experience. This
leads to increased retention and a stronger grasp of the subject at hand.
E-Learning is flexible. Learning can take place anytime and anywhere, as long as the
necessary equipment is accessible. The logistics and expense of face-to-face education
and training can be extremely limiting when students are separated by distance. ELearning also allows physically or otherwise challenged students to more fully
E-Learning provides consistent and effective training. All of the target learners can
participate simultaneously and receive the same information, reducing the variability
introduced through multiple sessions in different locations.
Class work can be scheduled around work and family.
Reduces travel time and travel costs for off-campus students.
Students may have the option to select learning materials that meets their level of
knowledge and interest. Students can study anywhere they have access to a computer and
Self-paced learning modules allow students to work at their own pace
Flexibility to join discussions in the bulletin board threaded discussion areas at any hour,
or visit with classmates and instructors remotely in chat rooms
Instructors and students both report eLearning fosters more interaction among students
and instructors than in large lecture courses
eLearning can accommodate different learning styles and facilitate learning through a
variety of activities
Develops knowledge of the Internet and computers skills that will help learners
throughout their lives and careers
Successfully completing online or computer-based courses builds self-knowledge and
self-confidence and encourages students to take responsibility for their learning
Learners can test out of or skim over materials already mastered and concentrate efforts
in mastering areas containing new information and/or skills
Disadvantages of online or computer-based learning
Computer literacy and access to equipment. Any e-Learning system involves basic
equipment and a minimum level of computer knowledge in order to perform the tasks
required by the system. A student that does not possess these skills, or have access to
these tools, cannot succeed in an e-Learning program.
Some topics are not appropriate for e-Learning. Certain subjects that require physical
exertion and practice, such as sports and public speaking, are not good candidates for eLearning. However, e-Learning can be a useful companion to traditional education for
teaching background and technical information.
Students themselves can be a limitation to e-Learning. The flexibility and studentcentered nature of e-Learning requires a high level of student responsibility. A successful
e-Learning student must be well organized, self-motivated, and have good time
management skills. What we get out of an e-Learning program is directly related to the
amount of effort we put in
Learners with low motivation or bad study habits may fall behind
Without the routine structures of a traditional class, students may get lost or confused
about course activities and deadlines
Instructor may not always be available when students are studying or need help
Slow Internet connections or older computers may make accessing course materials
frustrating & Students may feel isolated from the instructor and classmates
Managing computer files and online learning software can sometimes seem complex for
students with beginner-level computer skills
Hands-on or lab work is difficult to simulate in a virtual classroom
To be a successful e-Learner we must believe that meaningful, high quality learning can take
place without a traditional classroom. When properly designed and executed, e-Learning is a
highly effective and rewarding learning environment. To support these different learning needs,
we will need different e-learning delivery methods. Additionally, we will need a way to develop
and manage e-learning.
E-Learning-Concepts and Practice John Gardner - 2006 Pp 24,45 Sage Publications Ltd,
E-Learning Companion: A Student's Guide to Online Success Ryan WatkinsMichael
CorryPreview- 2010- P 12 Wordsworth, Cengage Learning, USA
Managing E-learning: Design, Delivery and Implementation Badrul Huda Khan - 2005 –Pp
246-252 , Information science publishing, UK.