Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Shakespeare

287 views

Published on

This presentation is all about Shakespeare in a nutshell..

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Shakespeare

  1. 1. William Shakespeare  Works & his life –  How did he do this?  Genius & training  Genius – 2 influences – little village of Stratford, the great city of London.  Stratford – he learned natural man & his environment.  London- artificial man & his unnatural surroundings.
  2. 2. Life  Baptized on April 23rd 1564.  Parents - John Shakespeare , Mary Arden.  He learnt a little at the grammar school at Stratford & his ‘real teachers’ were natural surroundings and people around him.  Age of 14- his father fell into debt – he stopped his studies to support his family.  No evidence of his early occupation.
  3. 3.  1582, he was married to Anne Hathaway – 8 yrs older than him – soon he left his family and went to London.  1587 – London – stealing the deer in Sir Thomas Lucy’s park – Nicholas Rowe in “first life of Shakespeare” claimed that no evidence of park in that place.  1587-1611 – life in London – period of tremendous literary activity.
  4. 4.  1592- first authentic reference of him – Greene’s Pamphlet – important position among the playwrights.  Started working with other men in London theaters.  He revised older plays before writing his own.  Henry VI – 3 parts – loosely strung English Chronicle history.  Titus Andronicus, Richard III – Marlowe & Shakespeare.
  5. 5.  Soon broke away from his apprenticeship – Love’s Labour’s Lost, Comedy of Errors, Two Gentlemen of Verona,  First English Chronicle plays – Henry VI, Richard III, Richard II, King John.  A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Romeo and Juliet.  Poems – “Venus and Adonis” – dedication to Earl of Southampton – immense success.  Invested money – became partners of Globe & Blackfrairs theaters.
  6. 6. Wonderful Plays
  7. 7.  1597 – his family got released from debt – New Place- finest house at Stratford.  Continued to visit his house – in 1611 – returned to his village from London.  Coriolanus, Cymbeline, Winter’s Tale, Pericles – humours.  1609 – English ship disappeared  A year later the sailors returned – wrecked in Bermudas – 10 months with mysterious noises.  Robinson Crusoe – The Tempest.
  8. 8.  1611- lost interest in Globe &Blackfriars theater.  After a simple life, he died on April 23, 1616.  Cursed tomb.
  9. 9. Works  First printed collection of his plays – First Folio (1623)- actors – Heming & Condell.  It contained 36 plays.  Full of typographical errors and uncertain dates and classifications.  Four periods 1. Period of early experimentation 2. Period of rapid growth 3. Period of gloom & depression 4. Period of restored serenity.
  10. 10. Period of early experimentation  1595-Marked by youthfulness & wide imagination, lavishness of language, rimed couplets-blank verse.  Love’s Labour’s Lost  Two Gentlemen of Verona  Richard III
  11. 11. Period of rapid growth & development  Dated from 1595-1600.  Careful and artistic work, better plot, increase in knowledge of human nature.  The Merchant of Venice  Midsummer Night’s Dream  As You Like It  Henry VI
  12. 12. Period of gloom & depression  Dated from 1600-1607.  Full maturity of his powers.  Cause of the sadness is unknown – probably because of personal experience & political misfortunes of his friends Essex & Southampton.  Sonnets  Twelfth Night  Hamlet  Macbeth  King Lear  Othello & Julius Caesar
  13. 13. Period of restored serenity  Last years of poet’s literary works.  Second period of his experimentation.  The Winter’s Tale  The Tempest
  14. 14. Classification - source  Historical plays:  Macbeth, King Lear, Julius Caesar.  Fictional plays:  Romeo and Juliet, The Merchant of Venice.  Historical material – Holinshed’s Chronicle of England, Scotland and Ireland.  North’s translation of Plutarch’s Lives.  Love’s Labour’s Lost & Merry Wives of Windsor – original plot.  Henry VI, Comedy of Errors, Hamlet, The Tempest – made over the older plays.
  15. 15. Classification – Dramatic type  3 classes  Tragedy & comedy – tragi-comedy, melodrama, lyric drama, farce etcetera. Tragedies Comedies Historical plays
  16. 16. • Merchant of Venice, Midsummer Night’s Dream, As You Like It, Winter’s Tale, The Tempest, Twelfth Night Comedies • Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Hamlet, King Lear, OthelloTragedies • Julius Caesar, Richard III, Henry VI, Henry V, Coriolanus, Antony and Cleopatra Historical plays
  17. 17. Doubtful plays  Pre-Shakespearian group  Titus Andronicus & HenryVI (1st part)  HenryVI & Richard III –Marlowe & Shakespeare.  Taming of the Shrew,Timon & Pericles – partly Shakespeare’s work.  HenryVIII – Fletcher and Shakespeare.  Two Noble Kinsmen – Fletcher  Edward III – anonymous – credited to Shakespeare.
  18. 18. Poems  Long poems – “Venus and Adonis” & “The Rape of Lucrece”.  Sonnets – 154 – 1609  Reference to his friend and woman.  “Mr.W.H”, “Fair lady”, “Dark lady”  Homer & Dante – narrow limits  Universal poet. William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke
  19. 19. THANK YOU

×