Huang He River Valley
XIA dynasty legend only no artifacts to prove it
existed. Legends that support it might have
existed are: Yu the Great flood, Pan Gu, creation and
Xilingshi, story of silk.
Shang was the first dynasty that can be
First provable dynasty artifacts and written records.
Shang people are remembered for: bronze,
silk, oracle bones diviner answered questions by cracking tortoise shell,
writing 3,000 symbols represent words and religion polytheist, nature
gods, ancestor worship.
The Shang lost their Mandate of Heaven when
King Zhouxin was cruel to the people.
Conquered by the Zhou.
longest lasting dynasty
political system was feudalism king, nobles, peasants
last 150 years known as the Warring states
period because nobles were fighting each
other for power.
Confucius lived during the Warring states
Philosopher who gives
advice in the form of
Believed that children
should respect, honor
and obey parents.
Believed that rulers
should treat subjects as
parents would their
The Qin Dynasty
After collapse of Zhou dynasty three kingdoms
fought for control.
Qin king unites China under one rules and
calls himself Shi Huangdi meaning “First
Shi Huangdi follows the government system
know as legalism system of rewards and punishments.
People obey mostly out of fear, not respect.
The good and the bad about Shi
Huangdi and the Qin Dynasty.
Formed a strong central
coins, weights, and writing
Organized many building
projects including the
“Great Wall” and Terra
Developed a bureaucracy a
network of appointed government
Depended on way of
government known as
Legalism and could be
harsh and cruel.
Burned any books that
he did not approve of
Taxed people heavily and
forced them to work on
his building projects.
The Han Dynasty
Chinese people still call themselves children of the Han.
with a civil service.
Trade along the silk