Ancient china powerpoint voc

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Ancient china powerpoint voc

  1. 1. ANCIENT CHINA Vocabulary and review
  2. 2. China’s origins Huang He River Valley XIA dynasty legend only no artifacts to prove it existed. Legends that support it might have existed are: Yu the Great flood, Pan Gu, creation and Xilingshi, story of silk. Shang was the first dynasty that can be proven.
  3. 3. Shang Dynasty  First provable dynasty artifacts and written records.  Shang people are remembered for: bronze, silk, oracle bones diviner answered questions by cracking tortoise shell, writing 3,000 symbols represent words and religion polytheist, nature gods, ancestor worship.  The Shang lost their Mandate of Heaven when King Zhouxin was cruel to the people.  Conquered by the Zhou.
  4. 4. Zhou Dynasty  longest lasting dynasty  political system was feudalism king, nobles, peasants  last 150 years known as the Warring states period because nobles were fighting each other for power.  Confucius lived during the Warring states period.
  5. 5. Confucius  Philosopher who gives advice in the form of proverbs  Believed that children should respect, honor and obey parents.  Believed that rulers should treat subjects as parents would their children.  Filial piety
  6. 6. The Qin Dynasty After collapse of Zhou dynasty three kingdoms fought for control. Qin king unites China under one rules and calls himself Shi Huangdi meaning “First Emperor.” Shi Huangdi follows the government system know as legalism system of rewards and punishments. People obey mostly out of fear, not respect.
  7. 7. The good and the bad about Shi Huangdi and the Qin Dynasty.  Formed a strong central government standardizing coins, weights, and writing  Organized many building projects including the “Great Wall” and Terra Cotta Warriors”  Developed a bureaucracy a network of appointed government officials.  Depended on way of government known as Legalism and could be harsh and cruel.  Burned any books that he did not approve of  Taxed people heavily and forced them to work on his building projects. 
  8. 8. The Han Dynasty Chinese people still call themselves children of the Han. Government/political system Achievements  Central government with a civil service.  Combined Confucianism, Legalism and Daoism  Paper  Seismograph  Importance of education  Trade along the silk road

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