Real Spelling Powerpoint


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Real Spelling Powerpoint

  1. 1. Real Spelling Workshop “ When I use a word, “ Humpty Dumpty said in a rather scornful tone, “it means just what I choose it to mean – neither more nor less.” “ The question is,” said Alice, “whether you can make words mean so many different things.” “ The question is,” said Humpty Dumpty, “which is to be master – that’s all.”
  2. 2. Five Minute Write <ul><li>On the index card, reflect on the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>What is spelling? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Word Sort Warm Up <ul><li>“ Spelling is cognitive in conception, engagement and execution” </li></ul><ul><li>~ Melvyn Ramsden </li></ul><ul><li>Sort the High Frequency word cards to the Toolkit Themes that are represented within each word. Be able to justify your thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Sort the SAT cards into meaningful categories. Be able to justify your thinking. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Orthography
  5. 5. Essential Questions <ul><li>What does the word mean? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Spelling’s defining purpose is to represent meaning: you cannot even begin to spell a word if you don’t know what it means.” </li></ul><ul><li>How is it built? </li></ul><ul><li>“ The foundation of a word’s spelling is its base. If a target word is not itself a free base, the base must first be identified.” </li></ul><ul><li>What are the word’s relatives? </li></ul><ul><li>“ A high priority in spelling is to signal meaning connection with, and differences from, other words. This is specially important in the case of homophones.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stand Up Conversation <ul><li>Find a partner and have a 3 minute stand-up conversation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share your reflection of what spelling is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has your original definition of spelling changed? If so, how? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Spelling Test!
  8. 8. Call to Action <ul><li>What can the teacher do to consolidate the correct spelling of a word? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build words from a matrix /construct matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze words into morphemes-word sums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spell aloud, pausing between morphemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construct word webs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypothesize as to patterns and principles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Justify patterns principles or grapheme choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate and teach others a pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze miscues explaining what principle a student may need to know </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Word Webs <ul><li>Open-ended, investigative tool </li></ul><ul><li>Shows links between meaning, structure and roots </li></ul>
  10. 10. Word Web Extension
  11. 11. Word Webs <ul><li>Discuss, </li></ul><ul><li>What cognitive processes do students engage in when building word webs? How does an activity such as this strengthen a child’s understanding of words? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Questions & Food for Thought <ul><li>On an index card, </li></ul><ul><li>Write any questions you have. </li></ul><ul><li>Skim the Real Spelling Manual – Chapter D handout. We will be re-reading and discussing this article tomorrow morning. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Rights of a Speller: Warm Up <ul><li>Find a partner, </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a ‘right’ from the envelope and read it aloud. </li></ul><ul><li>Share your thoughts and opinions regarding the right. </li></ul><ul><li>Work your way through the ‘rights’ until time is called. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Morphology <ul><li>The structure and sequence of meaning </li></ul>
  15. 16. Morphology Terminology <ul><li>Morpheme: </li></ul><ul><li>A morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning which cannot be further reduced without losing or changing that meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Base Element: </li></ul><ul><li>The essential structural element of any word that is the kernel of its meaning and structure. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free Base Element : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A morpheme that can form a word with no affixes is said to be ‘free’. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bound Base Element: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elements that can not be free-standing are ‘bound’ elements. All affixes are bound. Examples of bound bases are < rupt > and < ceive >. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Morphology Terminology <ul><li>Affixes: </li></ul><ul><li>Bound elements which can only be found in association with a base. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prefix: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bound element attached in front of a base element or another prefix </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suffix: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bound element that follows a base element or another suffix </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Word Sums: </li></ul><ul><li>A process to divide a word into its morphemes </li></ul>
  17. 18. How is the word built?
  18. 19. How is the word built? <ul><li>< intractable> </li></ul><ul><li>What does the word mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify any prefixes or suffixes. Justify. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the base element. </li></ul><ul><li>What other words share the same base element? </li></ul>
  19. 20. “ Meet the Matrix” <ul><li>Read a matrix from left to right. </li></ul><ul><li>Make only single, complete words from a matrix. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are not sure that a word you build from a matrix is a real word, then check to see it is in your dictionary. </li></ul><ul><li>You may use only one element from a column at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>You do not have to use an element from every column of a matrix, BUT you must NOT leapfrog over a column. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch the joins! You must be on the lookout for spelling patterns when you make a word from a matrix. For example – dropping a single silent <e>, doubling a final consonant, changing a <y> to an <i>…These changes occur when a vowel suffix is added. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Fluency Conversation <ul><ul><li>Find a partner to have a stand-up conversation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify who is Partner A and who is Partner B. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner A speaks for 90 seconds on all things morphological. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner B speaks for 60 seconds on all things morphological ~ no repeats! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner A speaks for 45 seconds. No repeats! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner B speaks for 30 seconds. No repeats! </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Morphology Theme Kits <ul><li>Hypothesize the reason(s) for the spelling change. </li></ul><ul><li>Research the reasons behind the change in spelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Present findings to group. </li></ul><ul><li><tract> </li></ul><ul><li>Kit 5D : <-er> <-or> </li></ul><ul><li><struct> </li></ul><ul><li>Kit 4B : Base words to Base Elements or Kit 5D : <-er> <-or> </li></ul><ul><li><busy> </li></ul><ul><li>Kit 3F: i/y Conventions </li></ul><ul><li><spire> </li></ul><ul><li>Kit 5C: Fine-tuning the suffix Connections </li></ul><ul><li><take> </li></ul><ul><li>Kit 1D: Effect of a Single Silent <e> </li></ul>
  22. 23. Phonology <ul><li>The pronunciation of meaning </li></ul>
  23. 24. Phonology
  24. 25. Phonology Terminology <ul><li>grapheme: </li></ul><ul><li>smallest contrastive unit in the writing; system which matches onto the phonemes. may be a single grapheme, digraph <ph> /f/ or trigraph <igh> /ai/ </li></ul><ul><li>phoneme: </li></ul><ul><li>the smallest units of minimal contrastive sounds-for-meaning, called phonemes, are represented in writing by graphemes. </li></ul><ul><li>phone: </li></ul><ul><li>sound </li></ul>
  25. 26. Phonology of <c>
  26. 27. What to do next? <ul><li>Choose a Theme Kit to teach </li></ul><ul><li>Map out your lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Record reflection with photos or video and send to Sharon/Ann by October 15 th. Guidelines will be posted on the blog early in the week. </li></ul><ul><li>We are your ‘help desk’ if needed. Ask. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Etymology <ul><li>The interconnections of meaning </li></ul>
  28. 29. Etymology Terminology <ul><li>Root: </li></ul><ul><li>Often still seen used as the equivalent of base, it now properly refers to the etymological origin from which a given element has developed. The same root may have generated one, two or more bases. The term base is structural; the term root is historical. </li></ul><ul><li>Diachronic Etymology: <dia + chron + ic> </li></ul><ul><li>Literal meaning: through time; the origins of the word </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronic Etymology: <syn + chron + ic> </li></ul><ul><li>Literal meaning: together in time: words existing today with the same base element. Shared root. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Nuances of Words <ul><li>Report Card Statements: </li></ul><ul><li>Johnny is a thief. </li></ul><ul><li>Susie spits, bites and hits others. </li></ul>