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Selection of a Research Problem


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Selection of Research Problem

Published in: Education
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Selection of a Research Problem

  2. 2. Contents SELECTION OF A RESEARCH PROBLEM - Definition of a Problem - Selection of the Problem - Evaluation of the Problem • Refinement of the Research Problem
  3. 3. Identification of Research Problem Identify the Research Problem Review the Literature Specify a Research Purpose Collect Data Report and Evaluate Research Analyze and Interpret Data
  4. 4. The Process of Research: Identify the Research Problem
  5. 5. Research Topic Research Problem Research Topic to Research Problem  Idea brainstorming  Literature review  Identify the variables for study  Formulate research problems and questions/hypotheses
  6. 6. Sources of the Problems  Previous researches/dissertations/studies/etc  Books/reports  Resource persons/professors/  Brainstorming  Newspapers/TV/radios/medias  Seminars, workshops/conferences  Relations organizations/research centers/research institutes  Encyclopedia  Own critical observations  Discussions with fellows, colleagues, friends, etc  Dinning tables ----------------------------
  7. 7. Definition of Research Problem A research problem is the situation that causes the researcher to feel apprehensive, confused and hard. Operationalization is then used to give some indication of the exact definitions of the variables, and the type of scientific measurement used. Operationalization is the process of strictly defining variables into measurable factors. The process defines ambiguous concepts and allows them to be measured, empirically and quantitatively. For example, intelligence may be measured with IQ and human responses could be measured with a questionnaire from ‘1- strongly disagree’, to ‘5 - strongly agree’.
  8. 8. Selection of Research Problem First step in research process is the choice of a suitable problem Enlist the specific questions like WHO,WHAT, WHERE, WHEN and WHY of the problem. A problem well defined is half solved The formulation of the problem is often more essential than its solution. The actual reasons (possible causes) for the discrepancy between what is (current situation) and what is desired (e.g. lack of motivation among students)
  9. 9. Selection of Research Problem Criteria/Factors of selecting the problems  Academic background of the researcher  Researcher's experiences, aptitudes, ability , values , behavior etc  Researcher's training and orientation  Researcher's purpose and objectives  Originality and Utility of the research  Direction of the organization where the researcher works  Availability of data and information – primary and secondary sources  Access to the study area  Resource availability – money, manpower
  10. 10. Selection of Research Problem  Time factor  Supervisor’s time, qualification, experiences, interest, etc  Nature of the problems – need oriented, problem solving, etc  Controversial topic  Nor too narrow/vague  Cooperation of the stakeholders  Avoidance of the troubles  -----------------------------
  11. 11. Evaluation of The Research Problem  Is the problem of current interest? Will the research results have social, educational or scientific value?  Will it be possible to apply the results in practice?  Does the research contribute to the science of education?  Will the research opt new problems and lead to further research?  Is there enough scope left within the area of research (field of research)?  Will it be possible for another researcher to repeat the research?
  12. 12. Evaluation of The Research Problem  Will it have any value? and are you motivated to undertake the research?  Do you have the necessary knowledge and skills to do the research? Are you qualified to undertake the research?  Do you have the necessary funds for the research?  Do you have access to the administrative, statistic and computer facilities the research necessitates?  Will it be practically possible to undertake the research?  Is the research free of any ethical problems and limitations?  -----------------------------------------
  13. 13. Evaluation of the Research Problem In short • Is the problem researchable? • Is the problem new? • Is the problem significant? • Is the solution to this problem helpful for the development of further knowledge? • Is the problem feasible for researcher? • Research competencies • Interest and enthusiasm • Financial consideration • Time requirements • Administrative considerations
  14. 14. Refinement of Research Problem • Refine problem under three methods of research; Historical, Descriptive and Experimental • Historical • Role of education policies in development of literacy • Refined: An analysis of the role of education policies in the development of literacy in Pakistan. • ------------------- • Descriptive • A study on the impact of self financing scheme on the development of education • Refined: A survey study on the impact of self financing scheme on the education of MBA students of National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad. • ------------------------------
  15. 15. Refinement of Research Problem • Experimental • Comparison of the integrated curriculum and traditional curriculum of primary level • Refined: A comparative study of the effectiveness of the integrated curriculum and traditional curriculum of class III. • ------------------------------
  16. 16. Class/Library Activity 1) Your Research Problem • What is your area of interest? • Where could you look for help in deciding upon a specific research problem? • What criteria will you apply when deciding upon a specific research problem? • How could you narrow down your research problem from research topic? 2) Library Activity