Models serve as frames from which to build; Provide
structure & organization for the planning process.
A thing used as an example to follow or imitate.
A proposed structure, typically on a smaller scale
than the original.
Many different models
Common elements, but
The evaluation model is systematic approach that will
guide in measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of
atraining, acourseor an educational program.
Thetwo models will bediscussing in thisclass:
1 Kirkpatrick'sfour levelsof training evaluation.
2 TheStufflebeam CIPPEvaluation Model (Context,
Input, Processand Product Evaluation)
The four steps of evaluation consist of:
Step 1: Reaction - How well did the
learners like the learning process?
Step 2: Learning - What did they learn?
(the extent to which the learners gain
knowledge and skills)
Step 3: Behavior - (What changes in job performance
resulted from the learning process? (capability to
perform the newly learned skills while on the job)
Step 4: Results - What are the tangible results of the
learning process in terms of improved quality, increased
production, efficiency, etc.?
Daniel Stufflebeam's CIPP Model (2002) is based on the
principle that evaluations should assess and report an
entity's merit, worth, and significance as well as, the
Context, Input, Process, and Product Evaluation
The CIPP model's main theme is that evaluation's most
important purpose is not to prove, but to improve.
◦ Provides rationale for determination of
◦ Defines relevant environment
◦ Describes desired and actual conditions
◦ Identifies unmet needs
◦ Identifies unused opportunities
◦ Determines how to use resources
◦ Assesses capabilities of responsible agency
◦ Assesses strategies for achieving objectives
◦ Assesses designs for implementing a selected
◦ Detect or predict defects in procedure design
or its implementation
◦ Provide information for programming
◦ Maintain record of the procedure as it occurs
◦ Measure attainments
◦ Interpret attainments
◦ Done as often as necessary during the
Which of the model would fit within the context
of the organization with which you typically
What are some
need to exist
What are some
When executed Types of
Prior to actual
1.Outcomes to be
action to be taken.
2.Specification of objectives.
3.Specification of prerequisites.
5.List of strategies
6.Selection of design.
7.Preperation of a time
Types of decisions Specific activities
1.Degree to which
execution is taking
place as planned.
for the sake of
tests of entry
When executed Types of decisions Specific activities
effectiveness of the
instruction, project or
2.Future courses of
1.Collection of data
related to objectives.
2.Collection of data
related to unanticipated
interpretation of data.
It is an ongoing classroom process that keeps
students and educators informed of students’
progress toward program learning objectives.
The main purpose of formative evaluation is to
improve instruction and student learning.
It occurs most often at the end of a unit.
The teacher uses summative evaluation to
determine what has been learned over a period of
time, to summarize student progress, and to
report to students, parents and educators on
progress relative to curriculum objectives.