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Where Can We Post Stories Summarizing Web Archive Collections

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This is a presentation of social media storytelling tools that were covered in a blog post written for the Web Science and Digital Libraries research group: http://ws-dl.blogspot.com/2017/08/2017-08-11-where-can-we-post-stories.html

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Where Can We Post Stories Summarizing Web Archive Collections

  1. 1. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Where Can We Post Stories Summarizing Web Archive Collections? Shawn M. Jones Web Science and Digital Libraries Research Group
  2. 2. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Web Archive Collections are Invaluable  Museums, libraries, researchers, journalists, and other organizations use tools like Archive-It to create collections of archived web pages, or mementos  Researchers will often create collections of news articles about an event for use later.  What happens when someone wants to use that collection later? 2
  3. 3. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL 3 There are ~17 Archive-It collections about human rights How are they different from each other? Which one is best for my needs?
  4. 4. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Idea: Use interface people already know how to use to summarize web archive collections 4 Archived collectionsStorytelling services Archived enriched stories
  5. 5. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL The Dark and Stormy Archives (DSA) framework 5 Establish a baseline Reduce the candidate pool of archived pages Select good representative pages Characteristics of human-generated Stories Characteristics of Archive-It collections Exclude duplicates Exclude off-topic pages Exclude non-English Language Dynamically slice the collection Cluster the pages in each slice Select high- quality pages from each cluster Order pages by time Visualize https://pbs.twimg.com/media/BQcpj7ACMAAHRp4. jpg Yasmin AlNoamany, Michele C. Weigle, and Michael L. Nelson. 2017. Generating Stories From Archived Collections. In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM on Web Science Conference (WebSci '17). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 309-318. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/3091478.3091508
  6. 6. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Dark and Stormy Archives (DSA) Framework 6 Characteristicsof human-generated Stories Characteristicsof Archive-It collections Excludeduplicates Excludeoff-topicpages Excludenon-EnglishLanguage Dynamicallyslicethecollection Clusterthepages ineachslice Selecthigh-quality pagesfromeach cluster Orderpages bytime Visualize Out comes a story of ~28 links summarizing that collection. In goes an Archive-It collection. The DSA finds the best links from the collection.
  7. 7. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Storytelling of Links Uses Social Cards 7 https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Old +Dominion+University,+Norfolk,+VA/ Los+Alamos+National+Laboratory,+ New+Mexico/@35.3644614,- 109.356967,4z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m13 !4m12!1m5!1m1!1s0x89ba99ad24ba 3945:0xcd2bdc432c4e4bac!2m2!1d- 76.3067676!2d36.8855515!1m5!1m1 !1s0x87181246af22e765:0x7f5a9017 0c5df1b4!2m2!1d- 106.287162!2d35.8440582 VS URI Social Card
  8. 8. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Storytelling of Links Uses Social Cards 8 https://www.google.com/maps/dir/Old +Dominion+University,+Norfolk,+VA/ Los+Alamos+National+Laboratory,+ New+Mexico/@35.3644614,- 109.356967,4z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m13 !4m12!1m5!1m1!1s0x89ba99ad24ba 3945:0xcd2bdc432c4e4bac!2m2!1d- 76.3067676!2d36.8855515!1m5!1m1 !1s0x87181246af22e765:0x7f5a9017 0c5df1b4!2m2!1d- 106.287162!2d35.8440582 VS URI Social Card Social cards are easier for humans to understand at a glance.
  9. 9. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Why Storytelling With Social Cards Works 9 Social Cards on a platform all present the same fields in the same locations. Reading down, we can easily watch the story unfold.
  10. 10. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Which Platforms Support Our Storytelling Technique? Characteristicsof human-generated Stories Characteristicsof Archive-It collections Exclude duplicates Exclude off-topic pages Exclude non-English Language Dynamically slice the collection Cluster the pages in each slice Select high- quality pages from each cluster Order pages by time Visualize
  11. 11. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Focusing on Customer Engagement or Corporate Website Development 11 These tools, while useful for curation are not suitable for the DSA framework because storytelling is not their primary focus.
  12. 12. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Focusing on the Present 12 Platforms that only focus on the present versions of links are, by their nature, not suitable for use with Archived Collections. Paper.li on June 4, 2017 and then on June 5, 2017.
  13. 13. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Making It Difficult To Share 13 Sharing is key to using a platform for storytelling. If one can only share with a small group, or if other uses must pay to see shared content, then the platform is not suitable for sharing archived collections.
  14. 14. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Not Generating Social Cards 14 No Social Cards on Instagram
  15. 15. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL For Want of Automation 15 Neither of these display a social card for http://www.history.com/topics/boston-marathon-bombings APIs in other services allow us to configure the social card and address these issues. Bag The Web Symbaloo
  16. 16. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Making It Difficult to Understand the Order of Events 16 If the social card sizes are all different or their order is inconsistent: • Where does the story start? • In what direction is the flow? What item is next?
  17. 17. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Making It Difficult to Understand the Order of Events: Pinterest 17 Pinterest also does not work with all URIs. For the next item in the story, do I look down or do I look right? Pinterest changes the size of the social cards based on the size of the image, further complicating one’s understanding of the flow of the story.
  18. 18. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Making It Difficult to Understand the Order of Events: Google+ 18 VS The resolution of the web browser can change the flow of the story. VS
  19. 19. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Candidate Tools for Storytelling with Mementos 19
  20. 20. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Candidate Tools for Storytelling with Mementos: Facebook 20 Sometimes Facebook fails to generate a social card, but the API can be used to supply additional information to the comment in order to overcome this. https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=162904537614238&id=128530177718341 Creating a post as a collection and using comments as individual items in the collection, we can create a story.
  21. 21. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Candidate Tools for Storytelling with Mementos: Tumblr 21 Tumblr allows one to choose Link as the type of post, for which it will generate a social card. Posts can be tied together with a hashtag that is specific to a Tumblr blog, thus creating a collection. https://aitstories.tumblr.com/tagged/aitstoriesboston marathon2013%403649spst0s
  22. 22. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Candidate Tools for Storytelling with Mementos: Twitter Moments 22 Twitter Moments provides the ability to tell visually compelling stories out of tweets. Unfortunately, it does not always generate social cards, but additional information can be supplied via the API to augment this shortcoming. https://twitter.com/i/moments/895050092792561665
  23. 23. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL Candidate Tools for Storytelling with Mementos: Storify 23 https://storify.com/ait_stories/3649SPST0s Storify was the tool originally chosen for use with the DSA.
  24. 24. @shawnmjones @WebSciDL For More Information 24 http://ws-dl.blogspot.com/2017/08/2017-08-11-where-can-we-post-stories.html

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