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PSY285 Chapter 8


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PSY285 Chapter 8

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 8<br />Dissociative and <br />Somatoform Disorders<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Somatoform Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative Amnesia:<br />Anterograde amnesia<br />Selective amnesia<br />Indifference<br />Ability to recover memories<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Patterns of Memory Loss:<br />Localized amnesia<br />Selective amnesia<br />Generalized amnesia<br />Continuous amnesia<br />Systematic amnesia<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative Fugue:<br />Person forgets all or most of his/her past<br />Sudden, unexpected trip away from home<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative identity disorder (DID)<br />Personality breaks up into 2 or more distinct identities or personality states which take turns controlling the person’s behavior<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID):<br />Host:<br />the personality corresponding to who the person was before the onset of the disorder<br />Alters:<br />the later-developing personalities<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Depersonalization Disorder:<br />Involves a disruption of personal identity<br />Depersonalization<br />a sense of strangeness or unreality in oneself<br />Derealization<br />a feeling of strangeness about the world<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Dissociative Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Dissociation as defense<br />Treating dissociation<br />The Behavioral and Sociocultural Perspectives:<br />Learning to dissociate<br />Nonreinforcement<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Dissociative Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Memory dysfunction<br />Retrieval failure<br />The Biological Perspective:<br />Brain dysfunction<br />Drug treatment<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Somatoform Disorders:<br />Psychological conflicts that take on a somatic, or physical form<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Body Dysmorphic Disorder:<br />Preoccupation with an imagined or a grossly exaggerated defect in appearance<br />Hypochondriasis:<br />A fear of disease that is maintained by constant misinterpretation of physical signs and sensations as abnormal<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Somatization Disorder:<br />Numerous and recurrent physical complaints that begin by age 30<br />That persist for several years<br />That cause the person to seek medical treatment by cannot be explained medically<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Pain Disorder:<br />Pain that is more severe or persistent than can be explained by medical causes<br />Psychological factors are assumed to play a role<br />Psychiatric symptoms<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Conversion Disorder:<br />Actual disability without organic pathology that would explain the disability<br />Primary gain<br />Secondary gain<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Signs of Conversion Disorder:<br />Rapid appearance of symptoms, especially after psychological trauma<br />“La belle Indifference”<br />Selective symptoms, often differing from organic symptoms of physical illness<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Somatoform Disorders:actual nerve pathways vs. glove anaesthesia<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />Somatoform Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Psychodynamic Perspective:<br />Somatizing as conflict resolution<br />Uncovering conflict<br />The Behavioral and Sociocultural Perspectives<br />The sick role<br />Treatment by nonreinforcement<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Somatoform Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />The Cognitive Perspective:<br />Overattention to the body<br />Treatment: challenging faulty beliefs<br />The Biological Perspective:<br />Genetic studies<br />Brain dysfunction<br />Drug treatment<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Dissociative Disorders<br />Dissociative Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />Somatoform Disorders<br />Somatoform Disorders: Theory and Therapy<br />
  22. 22. 22<br />End of Chapter 8<br />Dissociative and <br />Somatoform Disorders<br />