1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />Jo...
2<br />Chapter 18<br />Legal and Ethical Issues<br />in Abnormal Psychology<br />
3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Psychological Disturbances and Criminal Law<br />Civil Commitment<br />Patients’ Rights<br...
4<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />The Insanity Defense:<br />Defendant admits to having committed the...
5<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />The Insanity Defense:<br />Questions the Defendant’s Mental State a...
6<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />Competency to Stand Trial (CST):<br />Questions the Defendant’s men...
7<br />Civil Commitment<br />Civil Commitment:<br />Individuals who have been committed involuntarily to a mental hospital...
8<br />Civil Commitment<br />Procedures for Civil Commitment:<br />The right to a jury trial<br />The right to the assista...
9<br />Civil Commitment<br />False Positive:<br />An unjustified commitment<br />False Negative:<br />A failure to commit ...
10<br />Civil Commitment<br />Standards for Commitment:<br />The Definition of Dangerousness<br />The Determination of Dan...
11<br />Civil Commitment<br />The “thank-you” Proposition<br />Expert testimony in civil commitment<br />Making commitment...
12<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to Receive Treatment:<br />Must provide an individualized treatment program for ea...
13<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Right to privacy and dignity<br />Opportunity for re...
14<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Adequate and private bathing and toilet areas<br />R...
15<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Unrestricted right to send and receive mail<br />Rig...
16<br />Ethics and the Mental Health Profession<br />Mental health professionals decide which among countless variations a...
17<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Psychological Disturbances and Criminal Law<br />Civil Commitment<br />Patients’ Ri...
18<br />End of Chapter 18<br />Legal and Ethical Issues<br />in Abnormal Psychology<br />
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PSY285 Chapter 18

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PSY285 Chapter 18

  1. 1. 1<br />A PowerPoint™ Slide Presentation for<br />Abnormal Psychology Ninth Edition 9/e<br />Lauren B. Alloy, Ph.D.<br />John H. Riskind, Ph.D.<br />Margaret B. Manos<br />Developed by Joseph A. Davis, Ph.D.<br />McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2005. This McGraw-Hill multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law.  The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission over any network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program.<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />Chapter 18<br />Legal and Ethical Issues<br />in Abnormal Psychology<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Chapter Main Points<br />Psychological Disturbances and Criminal Law<br />Civil Commitment<br />Patients’ Rights<br />Ethics and the Mental Health Profession<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />The Insanity Defense:<br />Defendant admits to having committed the crime<br />Pleads not guilty due to mental disturbance<br />Claims he or she was not morally responsible at the time of the crime<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />The Insanity Defense:<br />Questions the Defendant’s Mental State at the Time of the Offense (MSO)<br />Legal Tests of Insanity<br />M’Naghten, Others<br />A new verdict: guilty but mentally ill (GBMI)<br />Procedural aspects of the insanity defense<br />Criticisms of the insanity defense<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />Psychological Disturbance and Criminal Law<br />Competency to Stand Trial (CST):<br />Questions the Defendant’s mental state at the time of the trial<br />Ability to assist legal counsel at the time of the trial<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Civil Commitment<br />Civil Commitment:<br />Individuals who have been committed involuntarily to a mental hospital because the state decided that they were disturbed enough to require hospitalization<br />Often times found to be a danger to self, to others or the community<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Civil Commitment<br />Procedures for Civil Commitment:<br />The right to a jury trial<br />The right to the assistance of counsel<br />The right against self-incrimination<br />The standard of proof<br />The “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Civil Commitment<br />False Positive:<br />An unjustified commitment<br />False Negative:<br />A failure to commit a person when commitment is justified and necessary<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />Civil Commitment<br />Standards for Commitment:<br />The Definition of Dangerousness<br />The Determination of Dangerousness<br />Variability in the legal definition<br />Complexity of the literature<br />Judgement biases<br />Differential consequences to the predictor<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Civil Commitment<br />The “thank-you” Proposition<br />Expert testimony in civil commitment<br />Making commitment easier<br />The case against civil commitment<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to Receive Treatment:<br />Must provide an individualized treatment program for each patient, skilled staff in sufficient numbers to administer such treatment, and a humane psychological and physical environment<br />The Right to Refuse Treatment:<br />Issues surrounding competency, informed consent or other<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Right to privacy and dignity<br />Opportunity for religious worship<br />Nutritionally adequate diets<br />Within multi-patient sleeping rooms, adequate privacy and furnishings<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Adequate and private bathing and toilet areas<br />Right to wear own clothes and keep personal possessions<br />Similar visitation and telephone rights as patients at other public hospitals<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />Patient’s Rights<br />The Right to a Humane Environment:<br />Unrestricted right to send and receive mail<br />Right to regular physical exercise<br />Opportunity must exist for interaction with members of the opposite sex<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />Ethics and the Mental Health Profession<br />Mental health professionals decide which among countless variations are abnormal<br />The power to commit someone involuntarily (a loss of freedom)<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />Recapping the Main Points<br />Psychological Disturbances and Criminal Law<br />Civil Commitment<br />Patients’ Rights<br />Ethics and the Mental Health Profession<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />End of Chapter 18<br />Legal and Ethical Issues<br />in Abnormal Psychology<br />

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