Scuba diving presentation


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Scuba diving presentation

  1. 1. Recreational SCUBA Diving Presented by Shaun Sykes
  2. 2. Topics of Discussion• SCUBA – Its meaning and history• Equipment• How to dive/types of dives• After you learn, what then?• Health and safety• Dive sites and statistics• Summary
  3. 3. What Does it Mean? History?• SCUBA – Self Contained Underwater Breathing Aparatus• Long history dating back from 332 BC• Modern fins, mask and snorkel tubes were developed by fishermen from America, Russia, France and England in the 1920s and 1930s
  4. 4. History continued• Recreational SCUBA Diving began between 1942 - 1943, after Emile Gagnan and Captain Hacques – Yves Cousteau developed the self-contained “Aqua-Lung” and new regulator that was automatic.• Cousteau took many successful, experimental dives with his friends, wife and two sons, making this an experimental family trip and experience.
  5. 5. Equipment• Mask- Device • Fins – Device put on covering eyes and the feet to extend the nose, allowing you to kicking motion see underwater underwater.
  6. 6. Equipment continued• BCD or BC – • Regulator – Device (Buoyancy that delivers air to you compensator device) Device/jacket that on demand at reduced controls buoyancy up pressure or down
  7. 7. Equipment continued• Pressure gauge – (SPG- Submersible Pressure • Weights – Lead Gauge) Device that tells weights used to weigh diver how much air they down divers for depth have left decent
  8. 8. Equipment continued • Body suit – Warm• Snorkel – Device used temperature suit that to breath air close to or protects the body on the surface of the against abrasions and water stings
  9. 9. Equipment continued• Wet suit – Insulated • Dry suit – Used to suit used to keep the keep the diver dry and body temperature in warm in colder temperatures
  10. 10. Equipment continuedGloves Hood Boots KnifeA Light Watch Scooter
  11. 11. Recommended diving apparelTemperature What to wear• High 80s - A Lycra body suit, a shorty, or a dive jacket (the top of a two-piece suit)• - A shorty, a dive jacket, or a full- 80º - 90º F length, one-piece, 3mm wet suit - A 3mm one-piece jumpsuit, or a• 75º - 80ºF two-piece wet suit - A 5mm full-length wetsuit, a two-• 70º - 80ºF piece wetsuit, or a dry suit with light weight insulating garments - A 7mm full-length two-piece• 50º - 70ºF wetsuit with gloves and hood, or a dry suit with insulating garments• Below 50ºF - A dry suit with insulating garments, hood, gloves or mitts, and possibly face mask
  12. 12. How to dive/types of dives• Types of dives – Boat, • If on a boat or pier shore, pier 1. Giant Stride• How to enter the water – if on shore, walk 2. Backward roll into the water without 3. Controlled Seated fins, then put them on entry in the water 4. Group entry - If entering rough water, put fins on and walk in backwards
  13. 13. How to dive/types of dives continued• Decent• Travel under water• Hand signals• AscentOther types of dives –• Seawater, Freshwater, Wreck, Cave, Night, Drift and Ice
  14. 14. After You Learn, then what? Levels of Specifications• Pre-open water • Specialties open to certification – Open Water recreational divers – Certified Underwater photography• Non – professional or videography, wreck certification – Advanced diving, night diving, boat SCUBA diver and Master diving, ice diving, cavern SCUBA diver diving, dry suit diving,• Professional – Nitrox diving, search and Divemaster, Skin-diving instructor, assistant recovery, career diver, etc. instructor and Instructor
  15. 15. Health and Safety – the hazards of diving • Overexertion• How soon to fly after diving – old vs. new • Nitrogen Narcosis philisophy • Carbon monoxide• DCS – Epidermal or poisoning cutaneous, muscular, joint • Gastrointestinal and limb pain and barotrauma neuroligical • Heart problems• Hypothermia • Ear infections• Hyperthermia • Nosebleeds• Cramps Breathing problems• Overexertion Dehydration• Nitrogen Narcosis Diving while pregnant
  16. 16. Dive sites• Worldwide: Papua, New • United States: The Guines, Egyption Red Hawaiian Islands, Florida Sea, Galapagos Islands, Keys, Catalina Island, Equador, Great Barrier California and many Reef, Australia, The oceans, rivers, lakes and Maldives, India, Great quarrys White Wall, Fiji, Bunhaken Island, Indonesia, Blue Corner, Palau and the Caribbean
  17. 17. Statistics• 8.5 million certified SCUBA divers in the U.S., and 14.5 to 15.5 million divers worldwide• Top 6 states for SCUBA certification: Florida, California, Hawaii, Texas, Illinois and New York
  18. 18. Summary• SCUBA – Its meaning and history• Equipment• How to dive/types of dives• After you learn, what then?• Dive sites and statistics• Health and safety
  19. 19. Web sites for SCUBA access, research and resources• PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors)-• DAN (Divers Alert Network) -• NAUI (National Association of Underwater Instructors)-• The Ultimate SCUBA source -• About SCUBA diving -• Joe Diver America -