Narrative	
	AO2
What	is	a	narrative	structure?	
A	narrative	structure	is	the	way	in	which	a	storyline	or	a	thread	is	put	together.	Each	
m...
Open	Narrative?	
An	open	narrative	is	a	television	programme	or	a	soap	opera.	The	reason	for	this	is	
because	they	have	no...
Example	of	an	open	narrative	
Hollyoaks	is	an	example	of	an	open	
narrative.	The	reason	for	this	is	
because	it	is	a	soap	...
Closed	Narrative?	
Closed	narratives	are	more	relevent	to	films	and	cinema.	There	is	also	a	small	
number	of	central	chara...
Example	of	a	closed	narrative	
The	Lovely	Bones	is	an	example	of	a	
closed	narrative	film.	The	reason	for	
this	is	because...
Single‑strand	narrative	
A	single	strand	narrative	focuses	on	a	single	central	character.
Example	of	a	single‑strand	narrative	
An	exmple	of	a	single	strand	narrative	
film	is	Iron	Man.	The	reason	for	this	is	
be...
Multi‑strand	narrative	
A	multi‑strand	narrative	is	normally	used	by	soap	operas	and	also	in	long	running	
serial	dramas.	...
Example	of	a	multi‑strand	narrative	
An	example	of	a	multi‑strand	narrative	
televsion	show	is	The	Wire.	The	reason	
for	t...
Series	
A	series	is	a	television	or	radio	programme	that	consist	of	several	episodes	which	are	
broadcasted	in	regualar	in...
Example	of	a	series	
An	example	of	a	very	successful	series	
is	Friends.	The	reason	for	this	is	
because	it	had	10	seasons...
Serials	
Serials	are	a	series	of	programmes	that	rely	on	a	contunuing	plot	that	are	in	a	
sequential	episode	by	episode	fa...
Example	of	a	serials	
Harry	Potter	is	one	of	the	most	popular	
film	serials.	They	began	in	2001	and	
then	ended	with	the	l...
Linear	Narrative	
A	linear	narrative	is	organised	in	a	simple	sequence	of:	
Beginning	o
Middle		o
Ending	o
If	you	put	ever...
Example	of	a	Linear	Narrative	
An	example	of	a	linear	narrative	film	is	
Bridget	Jones	Diary.	The	reason	for	this	
is	beca...
Non‑Linear	Narrative	
A	non‑linear	narrative	doesn't	proceed	in	a	chronological	order.	They	can	either	
have	flashbacks	or...
Example	of	a	Non‑linear	narrative	
An	example	of	a	non‑linear	narrative	
television	show	is	Arrow	The	reason	for	
this	is	...
Realist	Narrative	
A	realist	narrative	is	a	representation	of	reality.	The	reason	for	this	is	because	it	
shows	what	happe...
Example	of	a	realist	narrative	
This	is	a	link	to	funny	news	mistakes	
which	happened.		
http://crazynewsstories.com/funny...
Anti‑realist	narrative	
An	anti‑realist	programme/film	is	when	the	narrative	or	the	plot	is	not	easy	to	relate	
to	and	is	...
Example	of	an	anti‑realist	narrative	
This	is	a	link	to	an	anti‑realist	news	
story.	
http://www.cracked.com/article_2029
...
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Narrative

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Narrative

  1. 1. Narrative AO2
  2. 2. What is a narrative structure? A narrative structure is the way in which a storyline or a thread is put together. Each media whether it be non‑fictional or fictional is organised according to one of the following narrative structures, depending on the arrangement of the content or in the case of a story, the order of which it unfolds: Open o Closed o Single‑strand o Multi‑strand o Series o Serials o Linear o Non‑linear o Realist o Anti‑realist o
  3. 3. Open Narrative? An open narrative is a television programme or a soap opera. The reason for this is because they have no sense of ending and they can go on forever. They also have a lot more characters. The characters can also shift in and out of prominence. They also have more than one storyline running at once. Time is also more chronological and more with the real world. There is also different knowledge of the characters so that the audience can get to know them.
  4. 4. Example of an open narrative Hollyoaks is an example of an open narrative. The reason for this is because it is a soap opera with a broad range of cast members. They also have a lot of different storylines running at once.
  5. 5. Closed Narrative? Closed narratives are more relevent to films and cinema. There is also a small number of central characters of which the audience knowledge is set up from. The characters in the films are also often arranged in a 'hierarchy' of importance. The audience are sometimes invited so that they can make 'verdicts' on the characters. Unlike in open narratives time is compressed and not with the 'real time'. The times and events are usually special to this particular story and it is not linked with the outside world. The audience can usually have evidence about the characters only from this single text. At the end of the film the key issues are resolved.
  6. 6. Example of a closed narrative The Lovely Bones is an example of a closed narrative film. The reason for this is because all of the key issues that were raised in the film are concluded at the end of the film.
  7. 7. Single‑strand narrative A single strand narrative focuses on a single central character.
  8. 8. Example of a single‑strand narrative An exmple of a single strand narrative film is Iron Man. The reason for this is becuase it only focused on Iron Man rather than him with the rest of the Avengers cast.
  9. 9. Multi‑strand narrative A multi‑strand narrative is normally used by soap operas and also in long running serial dramas. They don't use the conventional approach of beginning, middle, ending. The reason for this is because several storylines run at the same time. While some storylines are ending some storylines are only just beginning.
  10. 10. Example of a multi‑strand narrative An example of a multi‑strand narrative televsion show is The Wire. The reason for this is because they talk about different storylines running through the programme at once. There is also no single character is eminent for the entire series.
  11. 11. Series A series is a television or radio programme that consist of several episodes which are broadcasted in regualar intervals.
  12. 12. Example of a series An example of a very successful series is Friends. The reason for this is because it had 10 seasons which consisted of 236 episodes in total. Although it is finished there are still some channels such as Comedy Central which still broadcast it.
  13. 13. Serials Serials are a series of programmes that rely on a contunuing plot that are in a sequential episode by episode fashion. There are also film series which are a collection of related films in succession.
  14. 14. Example of a serials Harry Potter is one of the most popular film serials. They began in 2001 and then ended with the last film in 2011. There are 8 films based on the 7 books written by J.K. Rowling.
  15. 15. Linear Narrative A linear narrative is organised in a simple sequence of: Beginning o Middle o Ending o If you put everything that happens on paper it will go in a straight line.
  16. 16. Example of a Linear Narrative An example of a linear narrative film is Bridget Jones Diary. The reason for this is because it shows a year in the life of Bridget Jones in a chronological order.
  17. 17. Non‑Linear Narrative A non‑linear narrative doesn't proceed in a chronological order. They can either have flashbacks or flash‑forwards.
  18. 18. Example of a Non‑linear narrative An example of a non‑linear narrative television show is Arrow The reason for this is because they go backwards and forwards in time.
  19. 19. Realist Narrative A realist narrative is a representation of reality. The reason for this is because it shows what happenes in everyday life.
  20. 20. Example of a realist narrative This is a link to funny news mistakes which happened. http://crazynewsstories.com/funny‑ne ws‑mistakes/
  21. 21. Anti‑realist narrative An anti‑realist programme/film is when the narrative or the plot is not easy to relate to and is normally out of the ordinary
  22. 22. Example of an anti‑realist narrative This is a link to an anti‑realist news story. http://www.cracked.com/article_2029 3_5‑clearly‑fake‑news‑stories‑media‑ told‑you‑were‑true.html

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