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  1. 1. Summer 2007 Volume 1, Issue 1 Welcome to YADC! Dear Readers, Inside this issue: Welcome to the first YADC Newsletter. My “As a teacher, finding fictional interest in Deaf Characters in Young Adult Interview with 2 Lois Hodge, author or Adolescent Literature began with one of books with deaf characters had of Season of Change my former students requesting a summer been somewhat of a challenge. … I reading list. Her only demand was that she What’s on my Bookshelf 3 wanted to read about characters similar to have dedicated a great deal of time herself. Like many of you reading this 121 Deaf Characters in 4 to compiling a list so that students Adolescent Literature newsletter, my former student is a Deaf stu- dent who attends a school for the Deaf. She and their teachers won’t have to do References 7 wanted to read about characters who use American Sign Language and participate as so much work.” Web Resources 8 members within the Deaf Community. As a teacher, finding fictional books with increase does not mean that there is an deaf characters had been somewhat of a increase in understanding of deaf people. challenge. There was so much work to be There are still many stereotypes within so done and I never seemed to have „enough‟ many of the books that I have read. My time to put together a complete list of main focus is on Deaf characters who use books. I was able to recommend a book sign language but since my original search, that I thought would be a good summer I have had Oral deaf teens ask me to keep read. Nancy Butts‟ Cheshire Moon (1992) is them in mind too. My book list includes ALL a charming book about a 13-year-old deaf characters. Miranda who is saddened by her cousin‟s death and furious at her parents' insistence I have dedicated a great deal of time to that she speak rather than sign. The plot compiling a list so that students and their turns slightly mystical when two teens be- teachers won‟t have to do so much work. I gin having similar dreams under the hope you enjoy this newsletter. If you‟d like “Cheshire moon”. Yet, the story is about to subscribe, please contact me at Miranda, a deaf girl, who struggles with yadeafcharacters@gmail.com. Also, be communication. Without her cousin, the sure to check out my blog where you will Cheshire Moon only member of her family who was fluent find new books, author websites and my in sign language, communication is difficult by Nancy Butts updated „100+ Books And Counting‟ list of and embarrassing. Miranda feels isolated, Deaf characters at alienated, and unsure of herself. http://pajka.blogspot.com/. Authors are including more deaf characters Sharon Pajka-West, Ph.D. than they did in the past. However, this
  2. 2. Page 2 Interview with Lois Hodge, author of Season of Change Now, there are more than 5000 students. Last year I was completing my doctoral dissertation entitled, The Portrayals and Perceptions of Deaf Characters in Adoles- SPW: How did you come up with the idea to write this story? cent Literature, when my friend Emily mentioned that her LH: I was taking a book-writing course from the Institute of grandmother was a deaf author who wrote a book for young Children‟s Literature, Redding Ridge, Connecticut adults. Her grandmother is Lois Hodge and her grand- through distance education. The instructor and I ex- mother‟s book, A Season of Change, was already cited in my plored different topics and she liked my idea of writing dissertation. What a small world! about a deaf girl with her hearing problems. I mentioned to Emily that I was thinking about SPW: Do you share any similarities with your starting a small, free newsletter to recommend character Biney? books with deaf characters to Deaf Education teachers and their students. I think it is impor- LH: Yes, there is a part of me in the story, but I tant because as a teacher I had a hard time find- tried to pick out the problems that were common ing enough time developing lesson plans and among the deaf and hard-of-hearing children. researching for good books for my students. SPW: At one point in the book, Biney seems to There is never enough time for teachers! I think of all the things she can‟t do. How does she wanted to create a newsletter to help deaf stu- have the strength to overcome such incredible dents find books with characters who are like obstacles? them and who have had similar life experiences as they may have had. LH: Most deaf/ hearing-impaired children and adults go through the phase of thinking that they When I told Emily that I planned on writing pub- Lois Hodge can‟t do anything. The character‟s events and lishers to see if I could interview the authors observations of other people, along with her frus- who wrote these books, she said that she trations became catalysts to find ways to overcome the thought her grandmother wouldn‟t mind being interviewed. obstacles. It was at this time, when it was necessary to Below is my correspondence with Lois Hodge. explore… to try new or different ways to determine LH: I will give a brief outline of my background before an- whether she could handle her objectives. If not, then try swering your questions, which, I think, will explain some something else. She was getting experience in learning of my activities as an adult…. In 1928, I was born deaf what she could and could not do. (moderately severe), and later (in my sixties) my eye- SPW: Did you experience any obstacles growing up as a deaf sight began to deteriorate. I have what is called Usher person? Syndrome, a defective recessive gene condition inher- ited from both of my parents. I attended elementary and LH: My major problem during my growing up period was high school training schools of Kansas State Teachers communication with the other children in the classroom. College (KSTC) in Emporia. The classes were then small When I was with a few children in a group, I could not (no more than 20 students per room). I had the advan- keep up with their chatter. I had one girl friend who was tage of both teachers and practice teachers to help me instrumental in getting me to talk some, when we were with the subjects in school. I attended summer school to by ourselves. I still prefer to talk on a one-to-one basis. keep up with my age group. I also took lip-reading SPW: Do you believe the book while published in 1987 is still classes for about six years beginning in the 4th grade. I relevant today? Why? do not know sign language. I graduated with majors in Social Science and Biology and minor in Psychology in LH: While situations have improved considerably with better 1950 at KSTC. It is now Emporia State University. At the (Continued on page 6) time I attended KSTC there were only 1500 students.
  3. 3. Page 3 What’s on my Bookshelf! It‟s that time again! Time to pull out the beach chairs and challenges, harrowing experiences and delicately wrought bask in the sun… but don‟t forget your sunscreen and don‟t humorous insights as to what is like to be deaf and in a forget to bring a good book! Here are some of the books quot;hearingquot; world. This year, there is that I plan to read this summer: jealousy about the new deaf kid in class, Jon, who is so good in sports and who might offer him competition for Mrs. Birge Marlee Matlin & Doug Cooney, and elsewhere. Jake's narrative ends on the last day of Nobody's Perfect (2006): This is a school, his last day of being a sevy. companion to Deaf Child Crossing (2002). Main character, Megan, is J. Andrews, Hasta Luego, San Diego thrown when a new girl, Alexis, ig- (Flying Fingers Club, Vol 3) (1991): nores her gestures of friendship. Donald Dunbar is thrilled when his Alexis Powell is pretty, smart, and a mother takes him, his sister and friend great soccer player, and she seems Matt, who is deaf, to San Diego for his intent on ignoring Megan. Alexis birthday. The Flying Fingers Club behaves strangely around people sleuths find themselves in action again with disabilities which is related to when the boys witness the theft of rare her having an autistic brother. cockatoos from the San Diego Zoo. Don- Megan, whose family and friends ald and Matt trail the robbers, only to accept her deafness as part of their everyday lives, is be captured and stranded in Mexico. shocked by this. Missy Keast, One Day: Our Delia Ray, Singing Hands (2006): View (2001): This book docu- Gussie Davis is the hearing daughter mented Deaf culture around the of deaf parents in 1948 Birmingham, world in a 24-hour period. AL. She is a rebellious teen who sings Missy Keast is the creator of the out loud during the church for the One Day: Our View project deaf where her father ministers. which capitalized on the close- Gussie becomes involved in mission- knit Deaf community and the ary efforts at a black deaf church and power of the Internet to reach with the Alabama School for the Deaf. photographers around the Gussie comes to terms with being world to participate in this project. The book strives to show quot;thequot; hearing child of deaf parents. the world a glimpse into the lives of the deaf worldwide. This project produced tens of thousands of pictures taken Deb Piper, Those Sevy Blues (2001): by both amateur and professional photographers around Jake returns in the awaited sequel to the world on May 1, 1997. The result of this outstanding ef- Jake's The Name, Sixth Grade's The fort is a fully illustrated book of photographs submitted to Game. He's in seventh grade now, the project by our volunteer photographers. http:// and just as humorous and feisty, store.deafnation.com/cart/onedaybook/index.html loaded with self-esteem and ready to share his experiences of being mainstreamed. The compassionate, strong and irascible interpreter, Mrs. Birge, returns, too. Seventh grade in Jackson Junior High School offers
  4. 4. Page 4 121 Deaf Character s in Adolescent Literature 29. Stephen Cosgrove Harmony: Song of the Sea Trilogy 1. Joan Aiken Dangerous Games (1999) Book 1 (1989) 2. Jean F. Andrews (Flying Fingers Series) The Flying 30. Stephen Cosgrove Laughter Ring: Song of the Sea Fingers Club (1988) Trilogy Book 2 (1990) 3. Jean F. Andrews (Flying Fingers Series) Secret in the 31. Stephen Cosgrove Sharing: Song of the Sea Trilogy Dorm Attic (1990) Book 3 (1991) 4. Jean F. Andrews (Flying Fingers Series) Hasta Luego, 32. Carla Damron Keeping Silent: A Caleb Knowles San Diego (1991) Mystery (2001) 5. Jean F. Andrews (Flying Fingers Series) The Ghost of Tomahawk Creek (1993) 33. Carla Damron Spider Blue (2005) 6. V.C. Andrews Melody (1996) 34. Jeffrey Deaver A Maiden's Grave (reprinted 2001) 35. Colin Dexter The Silent World of Nicholas Quinn 7. Jennifer Armstrong Mary Mehan Awake (1998) (1997) 8. Madelyn Arnold Bird-Eyes (1988) 36. Frances O'Roark Dowell Dovey Coe 9. Ben M. Baglio Doggy Dare (2000) (2000) 10. Eleanor Poe Barlow The Master's 37. James Casey Gillies The Legend of Cat: The Story of Charles Dickens Five Great Deaf Ghost Stories (2003) As Told by His Cat (1998) 38. Forrest Erickson The Silent Zone 11. Claire H. Blatchford All Alone (2000) (Except for My Dog Friday) (1983) 39. Jean Ferris Of Sound Mind (2001) 12. Claire H. Blatchford Nick's Mis- sion (1995) 40. Sarah Flanigan Alice (1991) 13. Claire H. Blatchford Nick's Secret 41. Janice Graham The Tailor's (2000) Daughter (2006) 42. Peni R. Griffin Switching Well 14. Christina Bridges Hero (1982) (1994) 15. Eve Bunting A Sudden Silence 43. Leslie Davis Guccione Tell Me (1990) How the Wind Sounds (1992) 16. Nancy Butts Cheshire Moon (1996) 44. Ruth Hallman Breakaway (1983) 17. Raewyn Caisley The Quiet World (1996) 45. Emily Hanlon The Swing (1979; reprinted 2000) 46. Lorraine Hunter Hare Make Room for the Holly- 18. Charles L. Calia The Unspeakable : A Novel (1999) hocks/Where the Birds Don't Sing (1999) 19. Keelin Carey, Kristina Guevremont, & Nicole March 47. Jo Harper Deaf Smith: Scout, Spy, and Texas Hero Princess, a Tiger, and Other Deaf Tales (2006) (1996) 20. Cathryn Carroll and Harlan Lane Clerc: The Story of His Early Years (2002) 48. Lilo Hess The Good Luck Dog (1985) 21. Kate Chester Death in the Afternoon (Hear No Evil, No. 49. Kief Hillsbery War Boy (2001) 1) (1996) 50. Karen Hirsch Becky (1981) 22. Kate Chester A Time of Fear (Hear No Evil , No. 3) 51. Lois L. Hodge Season of Change (1987) (1996) 52. Candri Hodges When I Grow Up (1994) 23. Kate Chester Dead and Buried (Hear No Evil , No. 4) 53. Shelley Hrdlitschka Kat's Fall (2004) (1996) 54. Angela Elwell Hunt The Deadly Chase (1996) 24. Kate Chester Sudden Death (Hear No Evil) (1997) 55. Frances Itani Deafening: A Novel (2003) 25. Kate Chester Hear No Evil (Hear No Evil , No. 5) (1997) 56. Sherryl Jordan The Raging Quiet (2000) 26. Kate Chester Playing With Fire (Hear No Evil , No. 6) 57. M. E. Kerr Gentlehands (reprinted 1990) (1997) 27. Kate Chester Missing (Hear No Evil , No. 2) (1999) (Continued on page 5) 28. Clarissa Conrad Never the Same Again (1995)
  5. 5. Page 5 121 Deaf Character s in Adolescent Literature 88. N.L.Ray There Was This Man Running (1981) (Continued from page 4) 89. Bill Richardson After Hamelin (2000) 58. Mary King Stolen Shadows (2001) 90. Mary Riskind Apple Is My Sign (reprinted 1993) 59. Lucille R. Kraiman Thanks A Lot (1995) 91. Ginny Rorby Hurt Go Happy (2006) 60. Blair LaCrosse, Michelle LaCrosse Silent Ears, Silent 92. Lillian Rosen Just Like Everybody Else (1981) Heart: A Deaf Man's Journey Through Two Worlds 93. Keith Scribner Miracle Girl (2003) (2003) 94. Virginia M. Scott Balancing Act (1997) 61. Betty Sullivan La Pierre The Silent Scream (2001) 95. Virginia M. Scott Belonging (1999) 62. Elizabeth Laird & Pauline Hazelwood Graffix: the Lis- 96. Virginia M. Scott Finding Abby (2000) tener (1997) 97. Vikram Seth An Equal Music: A Novel (2000) 63. Bret Lott The Hunt Club: A Novel (2005) 98. Susan Shreve The Gift of the Girl Who Couldn't Hear 64. Arthur Luhn In the Name of Silence (2003) (1993) 65. Anna Levene My Friend is Deaf (My Friend Series) 99. Jody Sorenson The Secret Letters of Mama Cat (1988) (2003) 100. James Smith The Boys of San Joaquin (2005) 66. Nancy Simpson Levene Crocodile Meatloaf (1993) 101. Barbara Luetke Stahlman Hannie (1996) 67. Nancy Smiler Levinson Annie’s World (1990) 102. Richard A. Steel Touchdown (2000) 68. Nancy Smiler Levinson World of her Own (1981) 103. J. Cutler Stephen and Jodi, Cutler Del Dottore Rally 69. Ann Martin Jessi's Secret Language (The Babysitter's Caps (2006) Club #16) (reprinted 1996) 104. Bonnie Highsmith Taylor The Best Sign (1999) 70. Marlee Matlin Deaf Child Crossing (2002) 105. Theodore Taylor Tuck Triumphant (1992) 71. Marlee Matlin & Doug Cooney Nobody's Perfect (2006) 106. Victoria Thompson Murder on Lenox Hill (2005) 72. Lynn E. McElfresh Can You Feel the Thunder (1999) 107. Victoria Thompson Murder on St. Mark's Place (2000) 73. Dandi Daley Mackall & Terry Brown Please Reply 108. Jean Ure Muddy Four Paws (1999) (2005) 109. Augusta Waite Two Boys Go Fishing (1999) 74. Sarah Miller Miss Spitfire: Reaching Helen Keller (2007) 110. Penny Warner Dead Body Language (1997) 75. Marissa Moss Amelia Lends a Hand (2002) 111. Penny Warner Sign of Foul Play (1997) 76. Donna Jo Napoli Friends Everywhere (1999) 112. Penny Warner Right to Remain Silent (1998) 77. John Neufeld Gaps in Stone Walls (1998) 113. Penny Warner A Quiet Undertaking : A Connor West- phal Mystery (2000) 78. Charles O‟Brien Mute Witness (2001) 114. Penny Warner Blind Side: A Connor Westphal Mystery 79. Charles O‟Brien Black Gold (2002) (2001) 80. Deb Piper Jake's the Name, Sixth Grade's the Game 115. Penny Warner Silence Is Golden: A Connor Westphal (1996) Mystery (2003) 81. Deb Piper Those Sevy Blues (2001)-- sequel to Jake's 116. Elizabeth Webster Johnnie Alone (1986) the Name (#70) 117. M. A. Windsor, Margaret Windsor Pretty Saro (1986) 82. Ron Podmore A Sign to Remember (2002) 118. Elizabeth Yates, Gloria Repp Hue and Cry (1991) 83. Penny Pollock Keeping It Secret (1986) 119. Elizabeth Yates Sound Friendships: The Story of Willa 84. Patrick J. Quinn Matthew Pinkowski's Special Summer and Her Hearing Dog (1992) (1991) 120. Linda Yeatman, Hugh Casson Buttons: The Dog Who 85. Patrick J. Quinn Signs Of Spring (1995) Was More Than a Friend (1988) 86. Martin Peter Quigley Original Colored House of David 121. Joy Zelonky, Barbara Bejna, Shirlee Jensen I Can't Al- (1987) ways Hear You (1980) 87. Delia Ray Singing Hands (2006)
  6. 6. Page 6 Hodge cont. (Continued from page 2) decided against publication). hearing aids, cued speech, cochlear implants for young SPW: At the end of the book, Biney becomes the hero and children as well as adults, and greater efforts to involve gets the guy! Before that, she has to overcome her fear deaf children with children who hear well. Communica- of using the telephone. As an author, what fears have tion is still dependent on how much the deaf/ you had to overcome? hearing-impaired children can understand, absorb and then contribute in a group. LH: The telephone has been very frustrating. I had so many misunderstandings, that at one time SPW: Biney struggled to communicate with her my frustration shoed in my voice. I quit using the hearing peers and then used a hearing aid to telephone. I used TTY for many years. With dete- help her hear more. Do you think that Ameri- riorating eyesight, I no longer use TTY. All my can Sign Language would have given her the life, I depended on lip-reading along with what- confidence that she needed or further iso- ever sound I heard when personally visiting lated her? friends. I learned to be frank that I was deaf and LH: ASL probably would have given Biney more depended on lip reading. Even so, I always re- confidence in communicating with others ceived unpredictable reactions. Some responded who knew ASL, but not with children or adults and talked slowly, some even asked questions who do not know ASL. Can the ones using about my deafness. However, a few would not sign language understand general talk with- have anything to do with me and turned away to A Season of Change out it? Can the deaf person talk clearly? The talk to somebody else. I left them alone. ability would vary with different individuals. SPW: Similar to Biney, have you ever faced people who SPW: If you had to write a 2007 follow-up story of Biney, thought you weren‟t capable as a deaf person? How did where would she be today and what would she be do- you prove them wrong? ing (career wise)? LH: Yes, I met quite a few people, both as a teen and as an LH: Biney would try to attend college majoring in art and adult, who felt I wasn‟t capable as a deaf person. I was biology. She would have applied to a position in a mu- even told by a teacher that I wasn‟t capable of taking seum as artist and researcher. Where she would be courses through distance education. Since I have dete- accepted is another story. (I have written the story, but riorating eyesight, I have been taking Braille through distance education for the past five years at The Hadley School for the Blind in Winnetka, Illinois. In October 2006, I received the Richard Kinney Challenge of Living Award “in recognition of your strength and persever- ance in achieving independence through distance edu- “My advice … is to explore, to be cation”. positive, to be persistent in reaching SPW: What advice would you give to young people who are reading your book for the first time today? goals….” LH: My advice for young people is to explore, to be posi- tive, to be persistent in reaching goals and if possible, to try adaptive equipment to keep in touch with others.
  7. 7. Page 7 References Bailes, C.N. (2002). Mandy: A critical look at the portrayal of a characters in adolescent literature (Doctoral dissertation, Deaf character in children‟s literature. Multicultural Per- University of Virginia, 2007), Dissertation Abstracts Inter- spectives, 4(4), 3-9. national, 67 (10), 3746A. Batson, T. (1980). The deaf person in fiction: From sainthood Schwartz, A.V. (1980). Books mirror society: a study of chil- to Rorschach blot. Interracial Books for Children Bulletin, dren‟s materials. Interracial Books for Children Bulletin, 11(1,2), 16-18. 11(1,2), 19-24. Batson, T. & Bergman, E. (1985). Angels and outcasts: An an- Sherriff, A. (April 2005). The portrayal of Mexican American thology of deaf characters in literature. Washington, D.C.: females in realistic picture books (1998-2004). University Gallaudet University Press. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Bergman, E. (1987). Literature, Fictional characters in. In J.V. Taxel, J. (1986). The black experience in children's fiction: Van Cleve (Ed.) Gallaudet Encyclopedia of Deaf People & Controversies surrounding award winning books. Cur- Deafness (Vol. 2) (pp.172-176). Gallaudet College, Wash- riculum Inquiry, 16, 245-281. ington, D.C.: McGraw Hill Book Company. Taylor, G.M. (1974). Deaf characters in short stories: a selec- Brittain, I. (2004). An examination into the portrayal of Deaf tive bibliography. The Deaf American. 26(9), 6-8. characters and Deaf issues in picture books for children. Taylor, G.M. (1976a). Deaf characters in short stories: a selec- Disability Studies Quarterly, Winter 24(1). Retrieved April tive bibliography II. The Deaf American. 28(11), 13-16. 24, 2005 from http://www.dsq-sds.org Taylor, G.M. (1976b). Deaf characters in short stories: a selec- Burns, D.J. (1950). An Annotated checklist of fictional works tive bibliography III. The Deaf American. 29(2), 27-28. which contain Deaf characters. Unpublished master‟s the- Wilding-Diaz, M.M.(1993).Deaf characters in children’s books: sis, Gallaudet University, Washington, D.C. how are they portrayed? Unpublished master‟s thesis, Campbell, P. & Wirtenberg, J. (1980) How books Influence Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. children: What the research shows. Interracial Books for Wilding-Diaz, M.M.(1993). Deaf characters in children‟s Children Bulletin, 11(6), 3-6. books: how are they perceived? In Gallaudet University Civiletto, C.L. & Schirmer, B.R. (2000). Literature with charac- College for Continuing Education & Snider, B.D. (Eds.) ters who are deaf. The Dragon Lode. Fall 19(1), 46-49. Journal: Post Milan ASL & English Literacy: issues, trends Guella, B. (1983). Short stories with deaf fictional characters. & research, conference proceedings October 20-22, American Annals of the Deaf, 128(1), 25-33. 1993. Krentz, C. (2002). Exploring the “hearing line”: Deafness, Adolescent fiction books reviewed laughter, and Mark Twain. In S. L. Snyder, B. J. Bruegge- Blatchford, C. (2000). Nick’s Secret. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner mann & R. Garland-Thomson Disability Studies: Enabling Publications Company. the Humanities. New York, The Modern Language Asso- Deaver, J. (1996). A Maiden’s Grave. New York: A Signet Book. ciation of America: 234-247. Ferris, J. (2004). Of Sound Mind. New York: A Sunburst Book. Larrick, N. (1965). The all-white world of children's books. Saturday Review (11), 63-85. Matlin, M. (2004). Deaf Child Crossing. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks. Panara, R. (1972). Deaf characters in fiction and drama. The Deaf American, 24(5), 3-8. Riskind, M. (1981). Apple is my sign. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. Pajka-West, S. (2007). The portrayals and perceptions of deaf
  8. 8. When not working on the YADC Newsletter, Sharon and Julie enjoy having lunch, drinking coffee, and sharing stories of their awesome lives with one another. Read the YADC blog! Sharon Julie http://pajka.blogspot.com/ E-mail us! yadeafcharacters@gmail.com Web Resources  Adolescent Literature with Deaf Characters Blog http://pajka.blogspot.com/  MyShelf (includes a Deaf Characters shelf) http://www.myshelf.com/deaf/characters.htm  ADCO Hearing Products Teen Book List http://www.adcohearing.com/bvs_preteen_teen.html  Children‟s Literature Website http://www.childrenslit.com/th_deaf.html  van Asch Deaf Education Centre (VADEC) Chapter Book List http://www.vanasch.school.nz/literacy/bokrevus.html  Deaf Internet Bookstore http://www.deafbooks.com/deaf-issues.htm  Gallaudet Pathfinder http://library.gallaudet.edu/dr/guid-deaf-characters.html  Deaf in Literature Biography http://wally.rit.edu/pubs/guides/deafinlit.html  The Dragon Lode http://www.reading.ccsu.edu/TheDragonLode/DLVol191Fa2000/DLVol191Fa2000%2046-49.pdf  Odyssey Winter 2002 http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/Literacy/KDESLRC/DeafChild2004.pdf  Listen, Hear! Deaf Characters in Popular Fiction http://www.cochlearimplants.com/Shared/pdf/rehab_network/Listen,%20Hear_04_2005.pdf