Clickers for Large Class Teaching


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Clickers for Large Class Teaching

  1. Clickers for large class teaching<br />Supporting Academic Staff<br />at NUI Galway, Ireland<br />Sharon Flynn &<br />Fiona Concannon<br />CELT, NUI Galway<br />
  2. Context of Higher Education in Ireland<br /><ul><li>Growth in student numbers at undergraduate level
  3. Concern about lack of student participation
  4. Poor retention of first year students (non-presence rates of 11%), especially in Science, Agriculture and Veterinary (HEA, 2010)
  5. Anecdotal concerns around decreased student performance at end of year exams</li></li></ul><li>Clickers for Student Engagement in Large Class Teaching<br />
  6. Other Irish pilot studies<br /><ul><li>In Ireland…
  7. Johnson and Lillis (2010)- UL
  8. McLoughlin (2008) – DCU
  9. Bowe & Cowan (2004) – DIT
  10. Surgenor (2010) - UCD
  11. And beyond…
  12. Mazur, Bruff, Caldwell, Fies & Marshcall.
  13. Caldwell (2007) notes, “The reviews of the literature, however, also agree that much of the research so far is not systematic enough to permit scientific conclusions about what causes the benefits”. </li></li></ul><li>NUI Galway First Year Pilot<br /><ul><li>Distributed 762 “eInstruction cricket” devices to incoming first year undergraduate science students
  14. Over 40 RF receivers distributed to members of academic staff
  15. Installed software in lecture theatres</li></li></ul><li>First Year Curriculum<br /><ul><li>60 ECTS, Full Time, Level 8
  16. 3 x 1 hour-long lectures and lab practical sessions per week
  17. Core modules:
  18. Biology
  19. Physics
  20. Mathematics
  21. Chemistry
  22. Other modules:
  23. Biomedical Science
  24. Earth & Ocean Sciences
  25. Environmental Science
  26. Financial Maths & Economics
  27. Computer Science</li></li></ul><li>How was the technology adopted?<br />
  28. Used in large classes<br /><ul><li>Class size varied between 100 and 300 students
  29. Mixed variety of use in practice, depending on
  30. discipline
  31. individual lecturer
  32. organisation of teaching within the module
  33. Not used in lab sessions or practical sessions </li></li></ul><li>Adoption of clickers for staff<br /><ul><li>Mapping the technology to the existing teaching practices
  34. Process of transforming the underlying pedagogy to accommodate for increased interaction (whether discussion, conceptualisation or reflection)</li></li></ul><li>Supporting Staff<br />
  35. Support and Training<br /><ul><li>Training Workshops (6)
  36. Workshops with practitioners (3)
  37. Group meetings (3)
  38. Resource website and recordings
  39. Individual support (4)
  40. In-lecture standby (9)</li></li></ul><li>Training<br />
  41. The Reported Experience<br />By students and by academic staff<br />
  42. Student Feedback<br />N=272 (35% response rate)<br />
  43. Student Reported Frequency of Use in Lectures<br />N=272<br />
  44. What is good about using clickers?<br />N=272<br />
  45. What is not good about using clickers?<br />N=272<br />
  46. Gaps<br /><ul><li>Marks for participation
  47. Attendance monitoring and concerns over data and privacy
  48. “Covering the material”
  49. “Interrupting the flow”
  50. Mixed cohort groups as a barrier to use?
  51. Balancing academic buy-in vs. promoting consistency of use</li></li></ul><li>Lessons learned<br />Where to from here… <br />
  52. What did the students say?<br />Worth using clickers again? <br />
  53. What would improve your experience of using clickers?<br />N=272<br />
  54. Conclusions<br /><ul><li>Adoption of the technology is unique to the culture and context within the discipline
  55. Experience of experts is very persuasive
  56. Staff looking for “just-in-time” support
  57. In supporting staff, need to listen to both staff and student voices
  58. Overwhelmingly positive student feedback
  59. Need for evolving improvements in question design and pedagogic strategies adopted
  60. Minimise technical breakdowns
  61. It’s the journey, not the destination… </li>